TanDEM-X Blog
 
 

A diary of the TanDEM-X formation swapping

09. August 2013, 12.00
Between 6 and 9 August 2013, and after great preparation, the team of the TanDEM-X mission was excited and ready for the swap formation of the twin satellites TanDEM-X and TerraSAR-X.
Edith  Maurer
Posted by
Edith Maurer
 
 

Formation swapping - Comic about the TanDEM-X mission

30. July 2013, 11.00
An exciting manoeuvre awaits us. In early August (6–8 August 2013), the two TanDEM-X mission satellites will be reversing their formation. Until now, the TanDEM-X satellite has been circling around its twin, TerraSAR-X, in an anti-clockwise direction; after the reversal, it will circle clockwise. This complicated change to the formation in which they have been flying for almost three years is necessary to observe regions that are difficult to image, such as mountain ranges, from the opposite viewing angle. This blog entry takes an unconventional look at the planned change in formation ...
Ralph Kahle
Posted by
Ralph Kahle
 
 

Where and how does ice move in the ocean?

01. March 2011, 13.01
TanDEM-X has now begun routine operations, and is working with TerraSAR-X in bistatic mode and recording data for its global digital terrain model. In this post, I look back at an earlier phase of the mission, when this satellite pair orbited the Earth separated by a mere three seconds or 20 kilometres, and each sensor acquired images independently.
Rolf Scheiber
Posted by
Rolf Scheiber
 
 

Traffic monitoring with the TerraSAR-X/TanDEM-X satellite constellation

28. January 2011, 10.00
Traffic monitoring from space, day and night, from more than 500 kilometres up above; is that possible? Indeed it is! In fact, it has been demonstrated several times in the past – once with the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM), and again with TerraSAR-X. The traffic processors used with SRTM and TerraSAR-X were and are still subject to considerable limitations.
Stefan Baumgartner
Posted by
Stefan Baumgartner
 
 

Baptism of fire for the satellite formation

19. October 2010, 15.49
Last Thursday, the two German radar satellites of the TanDEM-X formation finally reached their operational orbit configuration, with only a few hundred metres separating them. In this configuration, they act as a unique radar interferometer in space. The next day, on Friday evening, the instruments were switched on, after many careful checks, to acquire the world's first Digital Elevation Model (DEM) data using a free-flying bistatic Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) satellite formation. That same night, the jointly acquired data were received and processed by our operational processing chain.
Thomas Fritz
Posted by
Thomas Fritz
 
 

The satellites have 'eye contact'

15. October 2010, 12.40
This is the moment we have been anticipating for a long time; TerraSAR-X and TanDEM-X finally have 'eye contact'. The final manoeuvre to adjust the close formation was performed on 13 October. Now, the two satellites are orbiting at a distance of less than 400 metres from one another.
Ralph Kahle
Posted by
Ralph Kahle
 
 

Initial reports of success from the control room

13. October 2010, 17.01
We are off again; the team at the German Space Operation Center (GSOC) and their colleagues from EADS Astrium gathered two days ago in the control room to manage the transition to close formation flight. We began the first manoeuvre on Monday, 11 October 2010; this is referred to as the ‘drift start’ manoeuvre, which gives the TanDEM X satellite (TDX) the necessary momentum to close to a distance of one kilometre behind TerraSAR X (TSX) within a few days.
Harald Hofmann
Posted by
Harald Hofmann
 
 

"Everybody waltz!"

12. October 2010, 12.00
"Everybody waltz!" – this is the invitation to dance at the annual Vienna Opera Ball. This phrase is now applicable to the TerraSAR X and TanDEM X satellites, because as of yesterday the 'dance floor' is open and close formation flight has begun. Upon successful completion of the final tests, permission to commence the now imminent mission phase was granted by a panel of experts at the conclusion of the Formation Flight Reviews.
Stefan Buckreuß
Posted by
Stefan Buckreuß
 
 

TerraSAR-X and TanDEM-X 'chatting' for the first time

27. August 2010, 13.40
Even though the 'chit chat' between the satellites has so far consisted of no more than the exchange of synchronisation signals – "Hello, here I am!" – that is been all that was needed for the first simultaneous imagery to be captured by TerraSAR-X and TanDEM-X. Since 22 July 2010, TerraSAR-X has been flying ahead of TanDEM-X at a distance of just 20 kilometres, in a formation defined for test purposes and which also affords scope for a special series of radar experiments. They have now completed the first ever experiment with bistatic radar involving two satellites flying together in formation.
Marc  Rodriguez-Cassola
Posted by
Marc Rodriguez-Cassola
 
 

The face of the Earth

20. August 2010, 14.20
For a month now, we have been acquiring altitude models with the TanDEM-X and TerraSAR-X satellite pair. Already, over 1000 products have come out of our operational processing chain. Alongside many test images, some of the data also give an insight into how humankind has shaped the surface of the Earth – and how the highs and lows around them have determined the course of their lives.
Thomas Fritz
Posted by
Thomas Fritz
 
 

Processing of first TanDEM-X data received at Inuvik

19. August 2010, 10.14
Erhard Diedrich, in charge of the building of the Inuvik satellite station, returned from Canada with his colleagues, a happy man. The inauguration on 10 August was not only moving, but also marked the end of a successful first checkout phase. Over 300 passes of data have been acquired since April this year, among them 60 from the TanDEM-X satellite.
Birgit Schättler
Posted by
Birgit Schättler
 
 

Inauguration of the DLR ground station in Inuvik

12. August 2010, 10.05
DLR’s new satellite data receiving station in Inuvik, northwestern Canada, was officially inaugurated on 10 August 2010. Representatives of several Canadian space and political organisations travelled to Inuvik for the event, as did we from DLR. The beautiful weather seemed tailor-made for celebrating the cooperation between Canada and Germany, and the event closed with an enjoyable reception.
Jan Wörner
Posted by
Jan Wörner
 
 

TanDEM-X answers its first call for crisis assistance

06. August 2010, 15.19
Satellite data is an indispensable tool for quickly assessment of the situation in cases of natural or environmental disasters and for guiding emergency teams on ground. DLR's 'Center for Satellite Based Crisis Information' (Zentrum für satellitengestützte Kriseninformation; ZKI) and many other international organizations have been using the German radar satellite TerraSAR-X for three years to rapidly obtain reliable data in all weather conditions for such crisis situations. Now, our new satellite, TanDEM-X, has also provided assistance for the first time in a crisis – gathering information on the flood catastrophe in Pakistan. We were able to help not only with radar images but we also used TanDEM-X for interferometry in formation with TerraSAR-X for the first time. This has provided a more reliable technique to map floods instantaneously and more accurately, in one pass and without the need for archived data.
Thomas Fritz
Posted by
Thomas Fritz
 
 

TanDEM-X ground segment kicks off!

02. August 2010, 10.20
The successful setup of the 'wide' flight formation between the TerraSAR-X and TanDEM-X satellites marked the beginning of the 'TerraSAR-X Add-On for Digital Elevation Measurements' mission in its literal sense: Now, with both satellites flying as a team – three seconds apart – and seeing the same region of the Earth's surface, tricky instrument commanding is no longer needed to acquire interferometric data sets. Ordering, planning and commanding of the synchronous acquisitions, as well as reception and, in particular, processing of the data sets from both satellites are performed completely automatically.
Birgit Schättler
Posted by
Birgit Schättler
 
 

The first 3D experiment

22. July 2010, 10.30
It was during a sleepless night, with hardly any drop in the midsummer temperatures, when the idea for a radar experiment with both satellites, TerraSAR-X and TanDEM-X occurred: “What if we could prove that interferometry is possible with two satellites even before the final formation is reached?”
Gerhard Krieger
Posted by
Gerhard Krieger
 
 

Approach in orbit; busy times in Neustrelitz

16. July 2010, 20.00
Tirelessly, TanDEM-X is acquiring data while moving ever closer to the TerraSAR-X satellite. As yet, the first flight formation is not set up and thus no interferometric processing is possible. All data received by the TanDEM-X ground station network are transferred to Neustrelitz, where they are processed into SAR images like the operational ones from TerraSAR-X.
Birgit Schättler
Posted by
Birgit Schättler
 
 

Stress tests in space and rivers of sand

14. July 2010, 14.02
As ground teams prepared for the formation flight of TanDEM-X and TerraSAR-X, TanDEM-X was put through its paces in the last week before approach. The instrument team ran a set of hot/cold tests to check the instrument’s performance limits by first allowing the radar system to cool down and then running it at full load. This was followed by tests in which a large number of randomly targeted radar images of the Earth’s surface were used to test the reliability of the reception and processing systems. The images acquired during these tests include a number of very puzzling pictures.
Thomas Fritz
Posted by
Thomas Fritz
 
 

Art in space – or, how to set up a formation

12. July 2010, 15.35
On its launch date, 21 June 2010, roughly 16,000 kilometres separated TanDEM-X from its twin satellite, TerraSAR-X. Now, that distance has shrunk to just 2000 kilometres. The time has come for the relative movement between the two satellites to be slowed down, and for them to be set up for formation flying. To accomplish this, the Flight Dynamics Group at the German Space Operations Center (GSOC) will carry out a total of 10 orbital manoeuvres over the next eight days.
Ralph Kahle
Posted by
Ralph Kahle
 
 

TanDEM-X's first zoom and wide-angle images

30. June 2010, 18.00
Now that in addition to control and mission planning, the Kiruna and Neustrelitz ground stations have also taken on important elements of the normal operation of the ground segments as part of commissioning, the various radar modes of the TanDEM-X are undergoing instrument and processing tests. This includes the high definition ‘Spotlight’ zoom mode and the ‘ScanSAR’ wide-angle mode.
Thomas Fritz
Posted by
Thomas Fritz
 
 

TanDEM-X images under the magnifying glass – first data is perfect

26. June 2010, 16.00
While TanDEM-X spent mission days four and five catching up to its twin – TerraSAR-X – which is hurrying on, 13 000 kilometres ahead, it continued to acquire numerous test images. These will be analysed by the team and compared with previously processed TerraSAR-X images to tune the processing chain to suit the new instrument.
Thomas Fritz
Posted by
Thomas Fritz
 
 

Uncanny but true – “Everything is running like clockwork”

24. June 2010, 23.41
The fourth mission day has dawned, and so far everything is running like clockwork. It sometimes seems almost uncanny to us, and an occasional funny remark about our now being able to slowly turn off the simulator makes the rounds. But in reality, we are obviously very pleased and happy about ‘our’ TanDEM-X. Because everything is running so smoothly, we are able to complete our activities earlier than planned and have even been able to slightly shorten our original timetable, so that we will have less need for a night shift.
Harald Hofmann
Posted by
Harald Hofmann
 
 

Commissioning of the radar instrument – everything still ‘green’

24. June 2010, 13.30
The commissioning of the satellite went smoothly. Now, the radar instrument team must start their work. Each of the electronic units that make up the radar must be turned on one by one and tested. The instrument telemetry, received at the ground stations in Weilheim (Germany), O'Higgins (Antarctica), Svalbard (Spitsbergen, Norway), and St. Hubert and Saskatoon (Canada), will be sent to the control room in Oberpfaffenhofen for evaluation.
Ulrich Steinbrecher
Posted by
Ulrich Steinbrecher
 
 

Second and third mission days – Neustrelitz ground station receives first test data

24. June 2010, 13.26
After the launch night, where everything worked out so perfectly, we have continued in the same way over the last two days. After we – that is, of course, both shifts working alternately – had tested the various elements of the attitude and orbit control system, we began with the start up of the instruments. The various elements of the instruments (from electronics to the actual radar) have each been turned on individually; then, internal test routines were run and, after testing, the units were switched off again. Analysis showed that, in every case, all was well and nothing stood in the way of the activation of the complete radar.
Harald Hofmann
Posted by
Harald Hofmann
 
 

Shift work in the control room

22. June 2010, 11.38
As Mission Operations Director at the Space Operations Center in Oberpfaffenhofen, I am responsible for operation of TanDEM-X satellite. The first few days after the launch are always the most tense, because you obviously cannot know whether the satellite has weathered the launch well. To cover this phase as effectively as possible, we work the first week in shifts around the clock – to be ready, just in case. In this and the next few blog posts, I will report on the atmosphere and duties in the control room.
Harald Hofmann
Posted by
Harald Hofmann
 
 

‘The baby cries!’ We have a satellite in space …!

21. June 2010, 19.26
But first things first – here the events of the first 100 minutes:

L +00:00:00 (04:14:03 CEST)
‘Lift off’ – the Dnepr is ejected from its silo by a gas generator and the launcher’s engines ignite to begin the flight into orbit in a southerly direction.)

L +00:01:50 (04:15:53 CEST))
The first launcher stage separates. On the launch video, we see a white cloud and, shortly after that, the spent rocket stage falling away.
Stefan Buckreuß
Posted by
Stefan Buckreuß
 
 

That was smooth!

21. June 2010, 04.39
4:39 am Tons of us collected to view the stream and the control room from the bridge. A textbook launch, that was. Mission operations have also just confirmed separation. (Click on full article for further updates)
Karin, alt Ranero
Posted by
Karin, alt Ranero
 
 

Intensity picking up

21. June 2010, 02.22
This place, the German Aerospace Center at DLR Oberpfaffenhofen (close to Munich) has a serious trekkie air. As you walk into the building where the action is tonight, chairs and shiny lights have been set up. This is where the infotainment programme will be streamed live. But take a couple of turns around nondescript corridors, and you’re on the bridge — they actually call it that (hence the trekkie reference).
Karin, alt Ranero
Posted by
Karin, alt Ranero
 
 

Mission Control Center in Baikonur up and running

18. June 2010, 09.23
Now it is time for me to report for you as well. I am the representative of the German Space Operations Center, GSOC, in Oberpfaffenhofen, and it is my job to ensure timely transmission of critical information during the launch. I flew from Munich on Monday and have been here for a couple of days now. There is already quite a bit to see and do. We saw the next batch of crew leaving for the ISS boarding buses to the launch site. Hermann Berg has already written about the Soyuz launch and the latest activities with TanDEM-X. My first assignment was yesterday, when the Mission Control Center (MCC) was put into operation.
Michael Schmidhuber
Posted by
Michael Schmidhuber
 
 

Two successful launches – that’s motivating!

16. June 2010, 19.41
There were recently two successful launches (our congratulations!) – the payloads of the Prisma and Picard missions were launched together from Yasny. We followed these events via their live streams online. As will be the case with TanDEM-X, a Dnepr launcher was used. Problems with the launcher would likely have affected our launch date. So obviously, we were relieved about the smooth launch. And TanDEM-X is next in line!
Hermann  Berg
Posted by
Hermann Berg
 
 

TanDEM-X will be swallowed by a crocodile

11. June 2010, 11.46
As our loyal readers already know, the TanDEM-X satellite is installed in the launcher’s upper stage and ready for transport. The Dnepr rocket is fuelled and waiting in the launch silo a few miles away. But how does the upper stage get to the launcher? Using a special vehicle, naturally.
Hermann  Berg
Posted by
Hermann Berg
 
 

Packed and ready for dispatch!

11. June 2010, 08.20
We did it! The new German radar satellite TanDEM-X is packed and prepared for dispatch – the upper stage of the launcher with its precious contents stands ready. This is the result of impressive team performance. A group picture of all those who have worked towards this goal in recent days will not go amiss here.
Hermann  Berg
Posted by
Hermann Berg
 
 

The 'square' has to fit into the round!

10. June 2010, 10.32
Yesterday was all about fitting the 'square' (the TanDEM-X satellite) into the round (the upper stage of the launcher). With these cross sections, TanDEM-X proves that the old German football saying about the round having to go into the square is not invariably true. Well, at least in space...
Hermann  Berg
Posted by
Hermann Berg
 
 

TanDEM-X: An impression in pictures

08. June 2010, 14.34
A short, but very up-to-date report, prepared during our lunch break. The TanDEM-X satellite was lifted out of its mechanical handling system and placed temporarily on a tripod.
Hermann  Berg
Posted by
Hermann Berg
 
 

Integration of TanDEM-X with the launcher begins!

08. June 2010, 09.30
I have now settled myself in Baikonur and become acquainted with everyday issues. As of last Tuesday, I have replaced my colleague Michael Bartusch as the project management representative of the space agency here at the launch site. I will be reporting about the TanDEM-X satellite (TDX) on this blog up until the launch.
Hermann  Berg
Posted by
Hermann Berg
 
 

Tests completed - the next TanDEM-X transmission will come from space

31. May 2010, 09.26
With finalisation of the functional tests for the satellite bus and instrument, we have reached another important milestone. Evaluation of the test data confirmed that everything was nominal. In one of the last tests, the satellite was powered up solely by its internal supply and the external power was switched off. This too was successful, so the satellite was turned off and the wiring to the electrical test equipment was removed – a slightly melancholic moment. The next time we receive a signal from the spacecraft it will be in orbit, having separated from the launcher.
Michael Bartusch
Posted by
Michael Bartusch
 
 

A long test day begins

26. May 2010, 10.08
Today, with the commencement of the Abbreviated Functional Test, the final checkout of the radar instrument began. The team is now complete - travelling yesterday from Moscow, additional colleagues from Astrium and the German Research Centre for Geosciences (GFZ) arrived at just the right time. For most of them this is not their first stay here in Baikonur - they previously worked on TerraSAR-X and the facility and the working environment are familiar to them.
Michael Bartusch
Posted by
Michael Bartusch
 
 

The final checkout begins

25. May 2010, 10.04
The fueling of the TanDEM-X satellite with hydrazine was completed on Saturday 22 May. This potentially hazardous operation was performed successfully by Astrium. Following this, the satellite was packed into its container and transported from the fueling station back to the integration facitity. After the arrival of new personnel from Germany on Tuesday, the final checkout of the satellite bus and instruments will start in the middle of this week.
Michael Bartusch
Posted by
Michael Bartusch
 
 

Safety first in the fuelling hall

20. May 2010, 11.45
TanDEM-X has left the integration facility for its reaction control system tank to be filled with hydrazine over the next few days. To do this, the satellite has been moved to the fuelling station as was reported earlier. Fuelling is a dangerous job, because the propellant used is quite toxic. When you enter the fuelling hall, the sign over the entrance reminds everyone to not forget the dangers. Translated, it reads, "Regardless of how urgent your work is, safety comes first." This is a reference to the devastating Nedelin fuelling catastrophe here in Baikonur in 1960, which took 126 lives.
Michael Bartusch
Posted by
Michael Bartusch
 
 

First check of the satellite and its instruments

18. May 2010, 10.19
Everything is nominal here in Baikonur. Fuelling begins on Thursday. After their first checks, the the satellite and its instruments are functioning correctly. The launcher is ready in its silo, and the Russian Space Agency Roskosmos officially announced the launch on its home page last Saturday.
Michael Bartusch
Posted by
Michael Bartusch
 
 

TanDEM-X makes progress

17. May 2010, 17.30
We are now in the second week of our TanDEM-X launch campaign here in Baikonur. The satellite has been installed on its test rig and a quick check shows that the instrument and spacecraft are in good health. Meanwhile, the propulsion and cold gas systems have been pressurised to check that they are leak tight.
Michael Bartusch
Posted by
Michael Bartusch
 
 

TanDEM-X is in Baikonur

13. May 2010, 22.02
It was a long, long way to Baikonur. Already, at the beginning of the trip, the cargo plane – loaded with 37 tons of TanDEM-X and its support equipment in six containers – was delayed for several hours. It was not until 22:45 that we were able to leave Munich. One might have hoped that the stop in Ulyanovsk would be short – but on the contrary, the customs checks were extensive and time consuming.
Michael Bartusch
Posted by
Michael Bartusch
 
 

TanDEM-X is on its way to Baikonur!

11. May 2010, 17.20
Since my last report, the satellite, weighing in at 1350 kilograms, has arrived safely at Franz Josef Strauss Airport in Munich, packed in its air-conditioned transport container, and will set out at 18:00 today on the next leg of its journey on board an Antonov AN-124 bound for Baikonur in Kazakhstan. Immediately after it lands on 12 May, the launch campaign will start. The satellite will be unpacked, filled with hydrazine fuel and then put through a series of tests. One week before its launch date, the satellite will be transported to its silo, in which the Dnepr-1 launch vehicle that will take it into orbit is ready and waiting. The satellite will then be installed on the launcher, its batteries will be charged and the final tests will be conducted. Then, all anyone can do is to cross their fingers and wish it well!
Stefan Buckreuß
Posted by
Stefan Buckreuß
 
 

The countdown has started!

29. April 2010, 11.00
There are just 54 days for the most spectacular remote sensing mission ever to commence. Never before have two satellites flown in such close formation – their minimum distance will be only 200 metres. The two satellites are TerraSAR-X, which has been orbiting the Earth for the last three years, and its virtually identical twin, TanDEM-X, which will follow it into space on 21 June 2010. Working together, they can be compared to two eyes – capable of seeing things in perspective – because the mission objective is a complete survey of Earth in two and a half years.
Stefan Buckreuß
Posted by
Stefan Buckreuß
 
 

The first mission weblog - welcome to the TanDEM-X blog!

28. April 2010, 10.09
Right on time for 'shipment' of the German radar satellite TanDEM-X this coming Thursday, 29 April 2010, we are launching the TanDEM-X blog – and looking forward to our first mission weblog on the new platform. The plan at this time is for Mission Manager Stefan Buckreuss and the DLR Communications team to be joined on the blog by colleagues working in the areas of project management, science, mission operations, the ground station network, flight dynamics, radar, calibration and data processing.
Marco Trovatello
Posted by
Marco Trovatello