This unusual image, acquired by the Mars High Resolution Stereo Camera (HRSC), shows a view of the northern hemisphere of Mars from the Martian north polar ice cap, situated at the bottom, up to the Martian equator at the horizon. It was taken for calibration of the camera in June this year.
On 12 December 2017 at 19:36 Central European Time (15:36 local time), the 'Nicole', 'Zofia', 'Alexandre' and 'Irina' satellites of the European Galileo satellite navigation system were launched to space on board an Ariane 5 launcher from Europe's Spaceport in French Guiana.
Around the time of the Paris climate summit on 12 December 2017, the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR), the Japanese Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) and the Japanese National Institute for Environmental Studies (NIES) signed a collaboration agreement regarding remote sensing of greenhouse gases.
More and more people around the world are flocking to cities, creating densely populated regions. This also means that natural disasters pose a threat to a greater number of people, and that risk has been rising for decades worldwide.
Researchers at the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) have completed the first innovative rotor blade as part of the SmartBlades2 project. The rotor blade with a length of 20 metres can passively adapt to varying wind conditions using bending torsion coupling.
The first satellite images from the Sentinel-5 precursor were presented at the Earth Observation Center (EOC) of the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) in Oberpfaffenhofen on 1 December 2017.
The inner values revealed in this year's last DLRmagazine say something about the resilience of components. But as is the case with inner values, they are not readily disclosed. The information is cleverly obtained from the material, by means of three-dimensional digital images of the pores in material alloys, for example.
On 28 November 2017, the German Aerospace Center (DLR), together with international project partners, presented what is currently the largest solar-chemical installation for the production of hydrogen. In the HYDROSOL_Plant project, scientists and companies have jointly further developed the process of direct hydrogen production using solar radiation. By redeveloping both the materials used and the structure of the reactor, the facility can now provide a power of 750 kilowatts. This is a significant improvement over the previous development stage of this facility, which had a power output of approximately 100 kilowatts. In the coming months, scientists will produce hydrogen in test operations and demonstrations at the Plataforma Solar in Almeria (PSA) in southern Spain, and investigate the suitability of materials.
The automation and networking of transport will bring changes to the logistics industry. In the ATLaS project (Automated and networked movement in Logistics – opportunities for greater added value), scientists from the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) and the Hamburg University of Technology (TUHH) are investigating how these changes will affect freight transport.
How did the Solar System form? Are we alone in the Universe? What scientific methods can we use to prove the existence of extraterrestrial lifeforms? These questions fascinate scientists and non-scientists alike. Planetary research seeks to find answers.
These images from the High Resolution Stereo Camera (HRSC) show a region of Mars strongly marked by volcanic activity and associated tectonic processes. A striking feature is the existence of parallel grabens crossing the region – the Sirenum Fossae.
How can modern agriculture benefit from satellite remote sensing? What does space technology offer digital farming and crop cultivation ('smart farming')? The German Aerospace Centre (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) is providing the answers to these and similar questions from 12 to 18 November 2017 at Agritechnica in Hanover, the world's largest trade fair for agricultural machinery.
The aviation of the future is faced with the huge challenge of significantly reducing its emissions. The digitalisation of aeronautics offers new opportunities for efficiency improvements in the aviation system as a whole, such that efficiency becomes a more central consideration right from the outset, in the design of more efficient aircraft.
The first German state institute for aeronautics research was founded 110 years ago in Göttingen. It was the precursor of the present-day German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR), and laid the foundations for modern aeronautics.
Cyber security and fire detection from space: these two ideas have won this year's Special Prize of the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) as part of the 'European Satellite Navigation Competition (ESNC)' and the 'Copernicus Masters'.
In October 2017, the HALO research aircraft measured the transport and mixing of greenhouse gases in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere during measurement flights over the Atlantic starting from Shannon in Ireland. The measurement campaign is providing new knowledge regarding the origin, distribution and lifetime of trace gases at the climate-sensitive interface between these atmospheric layers.
In theory, it is impossible. Current theories of planetary emergence dictate that only small, rocky planets – and not a giant planet – can form around a dwarf star. The most recent discovery by the Next-Generation Transit Survey (NGTS) system has thrown some doubt on this assumption.
After more than 15 years, the German-US Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE) for precise measuring of Earth's gravity field has come to an end. Since its launch from the Russian cosmodrome in Plesetsk on 17 March 2002 on board a Rockot launcher, the twin satellites GRACE-1 and GRACE-2 have been orbiting Earth in close formation flight, precisely recording how Earth's gravity field changes over time.
The foundations for a new generation of environment-friendly aircraft turbines have been successfully tested by the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) at its site in Göttingen.
Seafaring vessels use satellites to determine their precise position to within a few metres. It is particularly important that exact positional information is constantly available in coastal waters and ports or near offshore wind farms and oil platforms.