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METimage – Next-generation weather forecasts

20. September 2016

METimage, a new satellite instrument for weather and climate forecasting, is now entering its final phase. On 20 September 2016, the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) and Airbus Defence and Space signed an agreement for the design, construction and testing of the radiometer.

DLR at InnoTrans 2016: 'Talking' rails, an innovative crash concept and the train design of the future

16. September 2016

Researchers from the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrums für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) will be showcasing current research projects with the objective of making rail transport faster, more efficient, safer and more comfortable at InnoTrans, the world's largest trade fair for train and transport technology. The fair will be held from 20 to 23 September in Berlin.

'm4 mountains – the fourth dimension': DLR publishes new book with Reinhold Messner

15. September 2016

With a new Malik Verlag publication, 'm4 Mountains – Die vierte Dimension' (m4 mountains – the fourth dimension), the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) presents another image book from the world of satellite-supported Earth observation. In 200 pages, Stefan Dech and Nils Sparwasser, together with mountaineering legend Reinhold Messner, show some of our planet's fascinating mountains in a completely innovative way.

Climate protection – DLR and CNES sign an agreement for the construction and operation of the MERLIN environmental satellite

14. September 2016

On 14 September 2016 in Berlin, the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) and the French space agency (Centre national d'études spatiales; CNES) signed a cooperation agreement for the design, construction and operational phases of the Franco-German climate satellite MERLIN in the presence of Brigitte Zypries, Parliamentary State Secretary at the German Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy (BMWi) and Federal Coordinator of German Aerospace Policy, as well as Thierry Mandon, French Minister of State for Higher Education and Research.

Fine-tuning the flaps – low-noise approaches to Frankfurt tested in a simulator

14. September 2016

Landing is one of the most labour-intensive stages of a flight. To help the pilots produce the lowest possible amount of noise in complex manoeuvres during the approach phase, the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) has developed the Low Noise Augmentation System (LNAS) pilot assistance system.

DLR fire detection satellite BIROS successfully releases BEESAT-4 picosatellite into space

9. September 2016

On 9 September 2016 at 13:00 CEST, the BIROS (Bi-Spectral Infrared Optical System) fire detection satellite developed and built by the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) released BEESAT-4 (Berlin Educational and Experimental Picosatellite) into space 515 kilometres above the Norwegian Svalbard archipelago.

EMSec – Maritime security

9. September 2016

Four days and four cases that pose a threat to maritime security – in several scenarios that took place between 5 and 9 September 2016, the EMSec joint project (Echtzeitdienste für die Maritime Sicherheit - Security; Real-Time Services for Maritime Security) was able to successfully demonstrate research findings from the last three years.

Ein Netzwerk riesiger Brüche bedeckt Utopia Planitia im nördlichen Tiefland des Mars

Was there an ocean on Mars?

8. September 2016

A network of huge fractures covers Utopia Planitia – a buried impact basin measuring 2000 kilometres in the Martian Northern Lowlands, which was the destination of the United States Viking 2 lander in 1976. These surface structures, which are referred to as polygons, would suggest that there was once an ocean here.

HALO in the Caribbean – tropical cloud research

8. September 2016

What effects do tropical clouds have on our climate? Do they warm up or cool down the atmosphere? What factors do they influence? Even the latest models do not fully understand the effects of these climate-influencing 'clouds'.

Comet lander Philae found

5. September 2016

The comet lander Philae has been found. The OSIRIS camera on board the Rosetta orbiter took the revealing images of the surface of Comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko on 2 September 2016. They show the landing craft lying sideways in a crevasse. Two of the three landing legs are clearly visible.

Green light for InSight and Mars 'mole'

2. September 2016

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) has finally confirmed the new launch date for the InSight mission, with the first launch opportunity to the Red Planet set for 5 May 2018. The mission was in fact scheduled for launch in March 2016, and land on Mars six months later.

EMSec

Hijacked ferries, searching for a man overboard and drifting popcorn

2. September 2016

In the Situation Centre, an alarm flashes on the screen – a passenger ferry has changed its planned course for no apparent reason. The AIS (Automatic Identification System) signal eventually disappears from the display. By now, all ship-specific information must have been requested and compared in order to quickly clarify the situation and take immediate action.

Chasing clouds in West Africa

30. August 2016

West Africa is changing. An explosively growing population, massive urbanisation, complex meteorological influences, unregulated deforestation and air pollution modify the composition of the atmosphere, not only impacting human health but also the weather and climate. How bad the problem actually is and how exactly these emissions are changing the region in the long-term is not yet clear. Researchers from the German Aerospace Center (DLR) used the Falcon research aircraft to analyse the tropical air on the West African coast in order to determine its composition and its effect on the clouds’ climate-relevant properties. The measurement flights were part of the five-year EU project DACCIWA (Dynamics-Aerosol-Chemistry-Cloud Interactions in West Africa)..

Hütte Regina Margherita

Altitude sickness for missions to Mars

22. August 2016

Headaches, nausea or even swollen hands and feet: the test subjects currently ascending at a rapid pace to Europe’s highest building to voluntarily experience altitude sickness have all of these things coming their way. Ten test subjects will gather at the Margherita Hut in the Valais Alps in Italy, where their bodies will be closely monitored to see how they respond to an altitude of 4554 metres above sea level, oxygen depletion and low air pressure. “If astronauts are stationed in a Mars habitat some time in the future, it is extremely probable that they will live and work in an atmosphere with similar pressure conditions,” explains Ulrich Limper, the mission’s medical director from the German Aerospace Center (DLR). “As things stand, though, we are unable to predict which persons will experience altitude sickness and what the causes may be.” A possible explanation: “The oxygen depletion encountered at high altitudes damages the vascular barrier, allowing fluid and proteins to seep into the connective tissue. In some instances, this will produce dangerous oedema in the body, especially in the lungs and the brain.”

ExoMars Schiaparelli's landing site on Mars

11. August 2016

These images, acquired by the High Resolution Stereo Camera (HRSC), on board the European Mars Express spacecraft, operated by the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR), show part of the Meridiani Planum region.

A crash for safety – DLR testing new crash concept for future high speed trains

9. August 2016

Rail accidents, even those that occur at low speeds, can have devastating consequences – in many cases, hundreds of tons of moving mass collide with each other, and carriages crash into each other or even derail.

Rosetta, Philae and comet fever

8. August 2016

It's hard to say what surprised scientists and engineers the most during the Rosetta mission: the unusual form of Comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko that earned it the nickname 'Rubber Duck'? The bizarre, unexpectedly varied landscape with fissures, terraces, crevasses, steep cliffs and even dune-like structures?

GALANT against jamming and spoofing – suppression of interference and decoy signals at sea

1. August 2016

Ships can be led astray with fake GPS signals. If signals for navigation of vessels are jammed or spoofed, positional and other critical data, such as course and speed, can be affected. Researchers at the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) have tested new receiver systems and methods for suppressing interference in a three-day measurement campaign.

MARSAT – assisting the maritime world from space

29. July 2016

A new corporate network will ensure increased safety and lower costs in the field of maritime traffic in future. Five private companies and a research institute are now working together within the MARSAT project to develop new services for the maritime industry using satellite data.

CAUTION, HOT: How a rocket holds up in hypersonic flight

19. July 2016

The exterior of a rocket is exposed to extremely high temperatures during hypersonic flight. But how exactly does the surface structure change under varying air resistance and with respect to heat flow and acceleration?

 
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