In this interview, Klaus Gwinner, a planetary geologist at the DLR Institute of Planetary Research, reports on the 3D modeling and cartography of the surface of Mars based on data from the HRSC camera.
The new facility, located at the DLR site in Cologne, was inaugurated on 5 July 2013. The focus of :envihab and its eight modules, spread over 3500 square metres, is on people, their health and their performance levels. The construction of:the facility lasted several years. The assembly steps have been recorded since 2010 and compiled in this time-lapse video.
How will the volume of traffic develop over the coming years? What mode of transport will people prefer in the future? What needs to happen to improve people's mobility and make it more environment-friendly? If you want to design transport systems, you need to know the demand and the mix of users. Researchers at the DLR Institute of Transport Research have developed the model TAPAS (Travel and Activity Patterns Simulation) for this. TAPAS documents people's individual travel behaviour and shows the effect of changing conditions on infrastructure and transport policy. With the traffic model, researchers can calculate, for example, demand for transport or draw conclusions on transport development in the whole of Germany.
The focus of the new :envihab research facility, operated by the German Aerospace Center and its eight modules, spread over 3500 square metres, is on people, their health and their performance levels. ":envihab is the only facility in the world with this configuration and these capabilities," says Rupert Gerzer, head of the DLR Institute of Aerospace Medicine. Here, researchers will not only focus on astronauts, but on people on Earth as well.
In addition to giant volcanoes and deep rift valleys, Mars has even more spectacular landscapes. Experience the various features of this planet in fascinating images acquired with DLR's High Resolution Stereo Camera on board the Mars Express spacecraft.
A special passenger was on board during the launch of ESA's fourth Automated Transfer Vehicle (ATV), 'Albert Einstein', on 5 June 2013 at 23:52 CEST – the STEREX experiment, funded by the DLR Space Administration and the European Space Agency (ESA). The heart of this system consists of four cameras incorporated into the Ariane 5. Two of these cameras recorded the separation of ATV-4 for the first time in 3D. The video data received last night at the DLR ground station in Weilheim was recorded, and presented, firstly, in a two-dimensional video format, from the launch to the separation of the European cargo vehicle.
The vertical exaggeration factor of the digital terrain model in this video is 2.5. The European Mars Express mission was launched from Baikonur Cosmodrome on 2 June 2003. The High Resolution Stereo Camera (HRSC) on board the spacecraft has enabled planetary researchers to view Mars in three dimensions. The Institute of Planetary Research at the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) developed and is operating the camera.
The aim of the project "Transport development and environment" (VEU) is to close this gap. The project brings together the competences of natural scientists, engineers and social scientists from several DLR research institutes and the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology. The initiative is coordinated at the Institute of Transport Research. They develop instruments to describe scenarios and trends in ground and air transportation until 2030 and to identify and evaluate environmental and social impacts.
The new short-arm human centrifuge was installed in :envihab at DLR Cologne between late February and early March 2013. Installation of the 'heart of :envihab' lasted several weeks. We took advantage of this rare opportunity to take a closer look at the individual stages of the installation.
The scientific payload on BION-M1 includes two experiments funded by the German Aerospace Center (DLR); biologists and zoologists from the Universities of Erlangen and Hohenheim have developed a two-chamber aquarium for 'Omegahab'. This is a mini-ecosystem designed to function as a bioregenerative life support system in microgravity, with its own nutrient and gas exchange. Furthermore, the German scientists are working in close collaboration with Russian researchers, and with the support of DLR; at the IBMP (Institute of Biomedical Problems) in Moscow, the two Omegahab flight models – one that is on board BION-M1 in space, the other on the ground as a reference – have been tested, filled and flown to Baikonur by the Russian Academy of Sciences.
For the first time, researchers have managed to transmit a quantum key from a fast-moving object. The quantum data was sent from an aircraft to a ground station via a laser beam. Key exchange based on quantum mechanics is considered to be absolutely secure against eavesdropping.
Pilot training in the world's first robot-based flight simulator - developed by DLR in cooperation with Grenzebach Maschinenbau and KUKA.
In this video, project manager Dr. Martin Sippel and his Australian Monash University PhD candidate, Olga Trivailo from the DLR Institute of Space Systems in Bremen, introduce the SpaceLiner and answer the most important questions about this visionary and cutting edge project.
Flexibility in respect of fuel types, compact dimensions and high efficiency combined with low emissions – these properties characterise the free-piston linear generator (FKLG), the brainchild of engineers at DLR. This animated film (in German) provides an insight into the way this new kind of range extender works.
Air is forced outwards through small holes in the rotor blades, which reduces the amount of harmful turbulence when stalling occurs. This enables the pitching moments exerted on the rotor blades – that restrict performance – to be substantially reduced.
This webcast presents some of the 28 projects on display at this exhibition.
A tour of the DLR stand at the ILA Berlin Air Show 2012.
As of now, the DLR Magazine is also available free of charge for your tablet, be it iPad or Android. Take a look at this short video, see how it works, get curious, download.
Music by Eigenheimer/rec72.net, CC-BY-SA.
From the more than 28,000 images acquired by Dawn between July 2011 and August 2012, DLR scientists computed a global digital surface model of Vesta. Ralf Jaumann, head of DLR's Dawn scientific team, explains a few spectacular observations with the help of this virtual flight over Vesta. The animation was computed by DLR using the highest resolution images acquired on this mission, and shows details down to a size of just 70 metres.