Climate change, digitalisation, Industry 4.0 and transformation of the energy and traffic systems – these central societal responsibilities will be at the heart of the research conducted by the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) in 2017. DLR will present the focus of this year's research and some selected projects at the New Year’s press conference on 26 January 2017 in Berlin.
A test simulating crashes between high-speed trains, hunting for clouds in West Africa, the maiden flight of a four-passenger fuel cell aircraft – 2016 at the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) has been a year of numerous research highlights.
Norwegian Air and Eurowings are increasingly targeting destinations outside Europe, while Ryanair is continuing to shake up the German market and is now expanding its position as market leader within Europe.
Researchers from the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrums für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) will be showcasing current research projects with the objective of making rail transport faster, more efficient, safer and more comfortable at InnoTrans, the world's largest trade fair for train and transport technology. The fair will be held from 20 to 23 September in Berlin.
Rail accidents, even those that occur at low speeds, can have devastating consequences – in many cases, hundreds of tons of moving mass collide with each other, and carriages crash into each other or even derail.
Ships can be led astray with fake GPS signals. If signals for navigation of vessels are jammed or spoofed, positional and other critical data, such as course and speed, can be affected. Researchers at the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) have tested new receiver systems and methods for suppressing interference in a three-day measurement campaign.
For the first time, the number of worldwide flights in June exceeded the three million planned take-offs mark – an increase of 3.5 percent compared to the previous year. This is one of the findings in the latest Global Aviation Monitor.
Differing airline strategies are shaking up the range of offers in the low cost flight sector. Instead of continuing to build up their network of flight routes, the airlines concerned have been operating more flights on fewer routes.
The Earth trembles, rivers burst their banks and tsunamis destroy coastal regions. Natural and man-made disasters make our high technology society ever more sensitive. The current disaster management systems have the drawback that they cannot be flexibly adapted to the respective situation. Hazards and disasters have a similar course but are nevertheless different. The German Aerospace Center (DLR) has developed a system that takes this into account. PHAROS (Project on a Multi-Hazard Open Platform for Satellite Based Downstream Services) supports crisis managers, operations managers and relief workers in every phase of disaster response. The system is built as an open service platform and can be flexibly adapted to the circumstances at hand. Earth observation data, measurements from sensors, simulation tools and communication technologies are combined in a single platform.
In the course of a measurement campaign conducted in Italy by the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) transmission properties between the individual carriages of high-speed trains and the entire train were measured to develop systems that will enable reliable communication.
To make the cars of the future lighter and at the same time safer, researchers from the Institute of Vehicle Concepts at the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) have been working on new lightweight, hybrid design methods and innovative crashworthiness concepts.
To communicate with one another, ships use radio, light signals or flags –but these channels are not suitable for transmitting large volumes of data. Only expensive satellite communications systems can enable data transfer at higher rates.
With its research and management divisions, the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) contributes to the solution of global challenges. The work includes not only the reduction of emissions caused by air transport, but also highly automated travel for the mobility of the future, cost-effective energy storage solutions and environmental monitoring for the protection of the atmosphere.
Stefan Trommer knows what kind of person is more likely to drive an electric car, and he is also familiar with the reasons why many people are reluctant to switch to electric mobility. He found this out – together with colleagues – during Germany's largest user study on electromobility.
NORAH (NOise-Related Annoyance, cognition, and Health) is the largest European-level study on the effects of air, road and rail traffic noise. The results have recently been released by the Environment and Community Centre (Umwelt- und Nachbarschaftshaus), a subsidiary of the German state of Hesse and part of the Forum Airport and Region (Forum Flughafen und Region).
Over 60,000 guests visited the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) Cologne-Porz site on 20 September 2015 for German Aerospace Day. DLR and the European Space Agency (ESA), together with their partners, exhibited current research projects and missions in the fields of aeronautics, space, energy, transport and security.
From 9 September 2015, test flights are taking place on three consecutive days in a simulated disaster scenario as part of the EU's 'Driving Innovations in Crisis Management for European Resilience' (DRIVER) project. Harrowing scenes are being simulated in Braunschweig on those days. A major flood has covered a wide area around the Tankumsee, a lake near Gifhorn; surrounding roads are also affected and people are stranded in the water.
Taxi companies, car-sharing providers, company cars – vehicle fleets play an important role when it comes to bringing electromobility to the roads and making it visible. But replacing traditionally fuelled vehicles with electric vehicles must also make sense financially. Researchers at the German Aerospace Center (DLR) have developed an online tool that fleet operators can use to calculate the conditions under which the use of electric vehicles will be worthwhile.
Researchers at the German Aerospace Center (DLR), together with partners from science and industry, have developed a new method for producing hydrogen from diesel and biodiesel as part of the EU NEMESIS 2+ project. In future, this could be used in areas where decentralised hydrogen production is needed – for example, for filling up fuel cell vehicles, or for processes used within the glass and steel industry. During the project, a prototype was also built and successfully tested – it is the same size as a shipping container and, as such, can be integrated into existing infrastructure with relative ease.
The German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) teamed up with the Wuppertal Institute for Climate, Environment and Energy (Wuppertal Institut für Klima, Umwelt, Energie GmbH; WI) in the STROMbegleitung (electricity evaluation) study to analyse technologies, outlook and life-cycle assessments for electrically-powered transport.