Moving from the current energy system mainly based on fossil fuels towards a more comprehensive use of renewable sources will take several decades. During this time and especially with the perspective of phasing out nuclear energy, a substantial proportion of electricity generation will continue to come from conventional technologies. Technological development in this area still offers considerable options for efficiency gains and emission reductions.
The high shares of fluctuating energy sources in a future energy system, which will be strongly based on renewable sources, require the widespread use of efficient technologies to store and convert energy in line with demand.
The Solar Research of the German Aerospace Center (DLR) aims to develop environmentally and climate-friendly energy systems that convert solar radiation into usable energy. The focus is on reducing the cost and improving the performance of components and systems applied in solar thermal power plants.
Because of the inherent inertia of the energy system, any decisions taken in the energy sector have particularly long term impacts. Opportunities offered by new technologies and potential negative consequences of future decisions on the environment and on society can be minimized or avoided by early stage by provident analysis.
From wind to torque with the "Smart Rotor" describes the DLR focus on wind energy research. For this purpose, DLR researchers benefit from their aerospace know-how when conceiving wind power plants with higher performance, lower noise and lighter weight features.