The Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) is a joint German-US space science project. Carrying a 2.5-metre telescope inside a modified Boeing 747SP, the airborne observatory performs astronomical observations in the infrared and submillimetre wavelengths, high above the disturbance of Earth's atmosphere.
The Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA), a modified Boeing 747SP, is a joint project of the US Space Agency, NASA, and DLR. It is normally stationed at NASA's Armstrong Flight Research Center in California, but at 08:44 CEST on Saturday, 28 June 2014, it landed at Hamburg Airport.
Scientists at DLR have used the SOFIA stratospheric observatory to observe a planet outside of the Solar System. Studying its atmosphere will enable them to determine whether this exoplanet is a super-Earth or a mini-Neptune.
During its first scientific flight, the new infrared spectrometer FIFI-LS investigated the birth of young stars in the Orion Nebula and nine other celestial regions. The instrument, carried on board the airborne observatory SOFIA operated by the US space agency NASA and DLR, gathered important data on the formation of stars while simultaneously proving its suitability for this type of mission.