Mars Express

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Lavaströme am Fuß des Mistretta%2dKraters auf dem Mars

Lava flows at the foot of Mistretta Crater

6. March 2014

These images, acquired by the High Resolution Stereo Camera (HRSC), operated by the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) on board the European Mars Express spacecraft, show the extent to which volcanism has shaped the surface of Mars.

The broken surface of Mars at Claritas Fossae

The broken surface of Mars at Claritas Fossae

13. February 2014

Recent images acquired with the High Resolution Stereo Camera (HRSC), operated by DLR on board the European Space Agency Mars Express spacecraft, show a portion of the Claritas Rupes escarpment on Mars that surrounds the Claritas Fossae graben system. It forms the eastern boundary of the gigantic Tharsis volcanic region, where the biggest volcanoes on Mars are located.

Ten years – and more to come: unveiling the enigmatic history of Mars

14. January 2014

Engineers and scientists cheered and exchanged 'high fives' when the first images from the German camera system on board ESA's Mars Express spacecraft appeared on the monitors at the DLR Institute of Planetary Research in Berlin.

Mysterious sulphate mountains in Juventae Chasma

12. December 2013

The water that once flowed across Mars in its early days has left many traces. Among these, two terraced mountains located in the Juventae Chasma basin stand out; they appear to be composed of sediment layers. Spacecraft overflights have revealed that these are sulphate deposits containing minerals such as gypsum, alabaster or kieserite, which usually require water to form.

Sanfte Hügellandschaft und breite Täler in Ismeniae Fossae auf dem Mars

Rolling hills and broad valleys in Ismeniae Fossae

14. November 2013

Gentle, rounded landscapes make up the Ismeniae Fossae, and can be seen in these newly released images created using data acquired by the High Resolution Stereo Camera (HRSC) operated by DLR on board ESA's Mars Express spacecraft.

An eight-thousand metre mountain with sulphate layers in Hebes Chasma

10. October 2013

If an astronaut were to stand in the Hebes Chasma basin, the view would be extraordinary. Precipitous walls rise almost 8000 metres into the skies, and a massif similar in size to Mount Everest lies at the centre.

Schwefelhaltige Sedimente im Krater Becquerel

A 'radiant' beauty – sulphurous sediments in Becquerel Crater

5. September 2013

The images presented in this mosaic and acquired with the High Resolution Stereo Camera (HRSC), on board ESA's Mars Express Spacecraft, show Becquerel Crater and, inside it, a mountain almost 1000 metres high, consisting of sulphurous layers deposited on top of one another. It demonstrates the eventful climatic history of the Red Planet.

Ablagerungen der Tagus Valles in Hesperia Planum

Scenes from the 'Middle Ages' on Mars – Tagus Valles deposits in Hesperia Planum

1. August 2013

These images, which were acquired using the High Resolution Stereo Camera (HRSC) operated by the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) on board ESA's Mars Express spacecraft, show a section of the northern part of Hesperia Planum.

Südöstlicher Teil des Olympus Mons

Lava flows at the foot of Olympus Mons

5. July 2013

On 21 January 2013, the HRSC camera, operated by DLR on board ESA's Mars Express spacecraft, imaged the southeast portion of the Olympus Mons shield volcano, the largest volcano in the Solar System, located approximately 200 kilometers southwest of the Sulci Gordii region.

Kasei Valles – the result of gigantic floods on Mars

6. June 2013

Numerous dramatic flood events sculpted the impressive valley system of Kasei Valles on Mars, seen in a new mosaic of 67 individual images acquired by the High Resolution Stereo Camera (HRSC) operated by DLR on board ESA's Mars Express spacecraft.

DLR Web special: The High Resolution Stereo Camera has been on board Mars Express for 10 years

31. May 2013

Nobody would have believed it back then; when the European Space Agency (ESA) spacecraft Mars Express was launched on 2 June 2003 to investigate our neighbouring planet, its mission was intended to last one Mars year, which is equivalent to about two Earth years.

Mars

On board Mars Express, in orbit around the Red Planet

31. May 2013

Grabens, dendritic valleys, lava flows and the highest known mountain in the Solar System – in the images from the German stereo camera on board the Mars Express spacecraft, the topography of the Red Planet appears so three-dimensional that you could walk through it.

Die Region Sulci Gordii

Landslides and lava flows on Olympus Mons

17. May 2013

Huge landslides, lava flows and tectonic forces have generated the stunning landscape seen in these images acquired by the DLR-operated HRSC camera system on board the Mars Express spacecraft.

Krater in Thaumasia Planum

Explosive 'twin' craters on Mars

11. April 2013

Intense underground steam explosions that occurred during the crater formation process could be responsible for the central depressions present in these 'twin' craters, located on Thaumasia Planum, an elevated plateau that lies immediately to the south of Valles Marineris, the largest canyon in the Solar System.

Wind – a shaping force on Mars

7. March 2013

The northern hemisphere of Mars is a single, massive lowland with only a few distinctive landscape features. Frequent, intense dust and sand storms are recurrent here over the course of the seasons. When this happens, the wind transports very small particles, which are either deposited in other locations, or, if they encounter rock, leave their mark through the effects of erosion.

Fire and ice in the red valley

14. February 2013

On 13 January 2013 the High Resolution Stereo Camera (HRSC), operated by the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) on board ESA's Mars Express spacecraft, imaged the mouth of the Tinto Vallis region of Mars, southwest of Palos Crater.

Glacial transportation of rubble and boulders through Reull Vallis

17. January 2013

As we look at the numerous graben and valleys that wind through the Martian highlands, it is not always clear which geological processes created them.

Der Südosten der Charitum%2dBerge auf dem Mars

Winter atmosphere on Mars

6. December 2012

Observing a seasonal phenomenon has its own special appeal on Mars. As the planet's rotational axis has a slightly greater inclination to that of Earth, our planetary neighbour experiences distinct seasons too – except these last around twice as long since it takes nearly two Earth years for Mars to orbit the Sun.

Signs of water, ice and wind in Nereidum Montes

1. November 2012

Nereidum Montes, a chain of mountains over 1000 kilometres long, is part of the northern rim of Argyre Basin, the second largest impact basin on Mars. On 6 June 2012, the HRSC camera on board ESA's Mars Express spacecraft, which is operated by DLR, photographed a part of this mountain range

Valles Marineris – the largest canyon in the Solar System

22. October 2012

Mars is clearly much smaller than Earth, but it can still come up with impressive superlatives. Several landscape features have unquestionably enormous dimensions – at over 21 kilometres in height, Olympus Mons is the largest volcano in the Solar System; the Hellas impact basin is more than 2000 kilometres across and eight kilometres deep – but particularly spectacular is the Valles Marineris canyon system

 
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