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Varying Martian landscape in Coracis Fossae

10. August 2017

The oldest regions on Mars are often the most interesting as well. Here, numerous traces of geological processes that have altered the planet's surface are visible. The latest images from the high performance HRSC camera show such an ancient area – the Thaumasia Highlands with grabens and mountain ranges.

Das HRSC%2dBild zeigt Rinnen und Talnetzwerke ind er Region Libya Montes auf dem Mars

Prehistoric rivers in Libya Montes

13. July 2017

The Libya Montes highland region is one of the oldest areas on Mars. The latest images from HRSC identify a number of drainage channels and dense valley networks.

Chaos and water on Mars

8. June 2017

These images from the HRSC Mars camera show an impact crater in the southern highlands with remarkable surface features. Unusually light-toned deposits and so-called ‘chaos terrain’ are visible inside the crater.

Mars' north polar cap

Flying over Mars' north polar cap

11. May 2017

Mars' north polar cap looks like a gigantic spiral of ice and snow. Dark troughs are interspersed with ice-clad hills. This simulated overflight of the North Pole reveals its permanent ice cap and large Chasma Boreale truogh.

Mars – Triple crater in the land of the Sirens

6. April 2017

The latest images from the HRSC camera show a triple crater formed by asteroid impacts in the Terra Sirenum region on Mars. On the crater floor are layered deposits that indicate the long-term existence of a lake.

Megafloods on the Red Planet

2. March 2017

Huge masses of water once flowed over the surface of Mars to form one of the largest outflow channels on the planet – Kasei Valles. These images, acquired by the High Resolution Stereo Camera (HRSC) show a section of the mouth of this outflow channel system, which lies in the transition region where the Chryse Planitia lowlands merge into the Martian highlands.

Mars' North Pole – Chronicle of the Martian climate

2. February 2017

Mars' northern hemisphere is currently experiencing winter. A newly generated colour mosaic depicts the extraordinary, almost perfectly symmetrical pattern of Mars' north polar ice cap, 1100 kilometres in diameter. Studying the North Pole cap will tell us more about climate development on our planetary neighbour.

Flight over Mawrth Vallis

8. December 2016

Approximately 600 kilometres long and up to two kilometres deep, Mawrth Vallis is a dried-up outflow channel on our planetary neighbour Mars. The High Resolution Stereo Camera (HRSC) operated by the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) on board ESA's Mars Express spacecraft has imaged the valley in high resolution.

Acheron Fossae: The 'dead river' graben on Mars

3. November 2016

These images, acquired by the High Resolution Stereo Camera (HRSC) operated by the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) on board the European Mars Express spacecraft show the western part of Acheron Fossae, a network of fractures on Mars.

Blick auf die Region Colles Nili auf dem Mars

Mars – the dichotomous planet

13. October 2016

These images, acquired by the High Resolution Stereo Camera (HRSC) operated by the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) on board the European Mars Express spacecraft, show structures that formed as a result of glacial activity in the Colles Nili region.

Ein Netzwerk riesiger Brüche bedeckt Utopia Planitia im nördlichen Tiefland des Mars

Was there an ocean on Mars?

8. September 2016

A network of huge fractures covers Utopia Planitia – a buried impact basin measuring 2000 kilometres in the Martian Northern Lowlands, which was the destination of the United States Viking 2 lander in 1976. These surface structures, which are referred to as polygons, would suggest that there was once an ocean here.

ExoMars Schiaparelli's landing site on Mars

12. August 2016

These images, acquired by the High Resolution Stereo Camera (HRSC), on board the European Mars Express spacecraft, operated by the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR), show part of the Meridiani Planum region.

Traces of water in one of the biggest valleys on Mars

7. July 2016

With a length of 600 kilometres and a depth of up to two kilometres, Mawrth Vallis is one of the biggest valleys on Mars and a possible landing site for the ESA ExoMars and NASA Mars 2020 missions. It is entrenched in the Arabia Terra highland, which is more than four billion years old, and ends in the great Chryse Planitia lowland region.

Krater mit zentraler Vertiefung in Noachis Terra

A crater with a central depression in Noachis Terra

2. June 2016

These images, acquired by the High Resolution Stereo Camera operated by the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) on board the European Mars Express spacecraft show a part of the Noachis Terra region in the southern highlands of Mars. The crater shown is approximately four kilometres deep and has a diameter of roughly 50 kilometres.

Ein durchtrennter Krater in Memnonia Fossae auf dem Mars

A 'split' crater in Memnonia Fossae

28. April 2016

The images presented here, acquired by the High Resolution Stereo Camera (HRSC) operated by the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) on board the European Space Agency (ESA) Mars Express spacecraft, show part of the Memnonia Fossae region on Mars.

Die eisigen Terrassen des Riesenkraters Hellas auf dem Mars

The icy terraces of the giant Hellas basin

23. March 2016

A diameter of 2200 kilometres and a depth of up to nine kilometres: these are the dimensions of the largest impact crater on Mars – Hellas. Only the Moon's South Pole-Aitken Basin and the Valhalla structure on Jupiter's moon, Callisto, have a similar size.

Die Arda%2dTäler auf den Mars: Ein sehr altes Entwässerungssystem

Arda Valles – an ancient drainage system on Mars

18. February 2016

When looking at the large-scale topography along the equator of Mars, what truly stands out are the many, extremely wide drainage channels leading north without many lateral inflows. The smaller valley systems are not so noticeable in these images. They often have multiple branches and meander across the terrain. Such valley systems can be found on Earth. Arda Valles in the Martian highlands is a good example of such a drainage system.

Six-kilometre-deep canyons in the 'Labyrinth of the Night'

28. January 2016

Directly to the west of the gigantic graben system of Valles Marineris on Mars, lies a no less impressive region called Noctis Labyrinthus – the Labyrinth of the Night. It consists of a labyrinth of intersecting valleys and canyons up to six kilometres deep. Extending over 1200 kilometres east to west, it is almost the same length as the River Rhine.

Mesas and wind gullies in Aeolis Mensae on Mars

21. December 2015

One of the most striking features of a global view of Mars is the dichotomy between the topographically diverse highlands in the southern hemisphere and the flat, expansive lowland plains of its northern counterpart. Many landscape features shaped by erosion can be observed in the transitional zone between the highlands and lowlands, which explains the particular geological interest in this region.

urorae Chaos %2d der Übergang von den Valles Marineris zu den großen Ausflusstälern auf dem Mars

Aurorae Chaos – the transition from Valles Marineris to the large outflow channel systems

19. November 2015

The latest images acquired by the High Resolution Stereo Camera (HRSC), operated by the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) on board the European Space Agency (ESA) Mars Express spacecraft, show a runout of the Aurorae Chaos region – an eastern continuation of the massive Valles Marineris graben system on Mars.

 
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