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Ein Netzwerk riesiger Brüche bedeckt Utopia Planitia im nördlichen Tiefland des Mars

Was there an ocean on Mars?

8. September 2016

A network of huge fractures covers Utopia Planitia – a buried impact basin measuring 2000 kilometres in the Martian Northern Lowlands, which was the destination of the United States Viking 2 lander in 1976. These surface structures, which are referred to as polygons, would suggest that there was once an ocean here.

ExoMars Schiaparelli's landing site on Mars

11. August 2016

These images, acquired by the High Resolution Stereo Camera (HRSC), on board the European Mars Express spacecraft, operated by the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR), show part of the Meridiani Planum region.

Traces of water in one of the biggest valleys on Mars

7. July 2016

With a length of 600 kilometres and a depth of up to two kilometres, Mawrth Vallis is one of the biggest valleys on Mars and a possible landing site for the ESA ExoMars and NASA Mars 2020 missions. It is entrenched in the Arabia Terra highland, which is more than four billion years old, and ends in the great Chryse Planitia lowland region.

Krater mit zentraler Vertiefung in Noachis Terra

A crater with a central depression in Noachis Terra

2. June 2016

These images, acquired by the High Resolution Stereo Camera operated by the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) on board the European Mars Express spacecraft show a part of the Noachis Terra region in the southern highlands of Mars. The crater shown is approximately four kilometres deep and has a diameter of roughly 50 kilometres.

Ein durchtrennter Krater in Memnonia Fossae auf dem Mars

A 'split' crater in Memnonia Fossae

28. April 2016

The images presented here, acquired by the High Resolution Stereo Camera (HRSC) operated by the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) on board the European Space Agency (ESA) Mars Express spacecraft, show part of the Memnonia Fossae region on Mars.

Die eisigen Terrassen des Riesenkraters Hellas auf dem Mars

The icy terraces of the giant Hellas basin

23. March 2016

A diameter of 2200 kilometres and a depth of up to nine kilometres: these are the dimensions of the largest impact crater on Mars – Hellas. Only the Moon's South Pole-Aitken Basin and the Valhalla structure on Jupiter's moon, Callisto, have a similar size.

Die Arda%2dTäler auf den Mars: Ein sehr altes Entwässerungssystem

Arda Valles – an ancient drainage system on Mars

18. February 2016

When looking at the large-scale topography along the equator of Mars, what truly stands out are the many, extremely wide drainage channels leading north without many lateral inflows. The smaller valley systems are not so noticeable in these images. They often have multiple branches and meander across the terrain. Such valley systems can be found on Earth. Arda Valles in the Martian highlands is a good example of such a drainage system.

Six-kilometre-deep canyons in the 'Labyrinth of the Night'

28. January 2016

Directly to the west of the gigantic graben system of Valles Marineris on Mars, lies a no less impressive region called Noctis Labyrinthus – the Labyrinth of the Night. It consists of a labyrinth of intersecting valleys and canyons up to six kilometres deep. Extending over 1200 kilometres east to west, it is almost the same length as the River Rhine.

Mesas and wind gullies in Aeolis Mensae on Mars

21. December 2015

One of the most striking features of a global view of Mars is the dichotomy between the topographically diverse highlands in the southern hemisphere and the flat, expansive lowland plains of its northern counterpart. Many landscape features shaped by erosion can be observed in the transitional zone between the highlands and lowlands, which explains the particular geological interest in this region.

urorae Chaos %2d der Übergang von den Valles Marineris zu den großen Ausflusstälern auf dem Mars

Aurorae Chaos – the transition from Valles Marineris to the large outflow channel systems

19. November 2015

The latest images acquired by the High Resolution Stereo Camera (HRSC), operated by the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) on board the European Space Agency (ESA) Mars Express spacecraft, show a runout of the Aurorae Chaos region – an eastern continuation of the massive Valles Marineris graben system on Mars.

Täler Mangala und Minio auf dem Mars

Enormous masses of water flowed through Mangala Valles and Minio Vallis on Mars

15. October 2015

During Mars' geological 'Middle Ages' – the Hesperian Period – which began 3.7 billion years ago and lasted until approximately 3.1 billion years ago, strong volcanic activity was present on our neighbouring planet. Volcanoes spewed low viscosity lava that poured out in masses over the surface and gave rise to extensive plains.

Der NASA%2dAstronaut Mark Watney ist "Der Marsianer" im gleichnamigen Film

Following the path of 'The Martian' – video generated using images acquired by the Mars Express orbiter

5. October 2015

"In your face, Neil Armstrong!" – as he says these words, NASA astronaut Mark Watney senses for the first time that he might have only a very small chance of getting out of his predicament alive. Watney is 'The Martian' in the film of the same name (release date in Germany: 8 October) who, in a not too distant future, finds himself stranded on the Red Planet.

Mars Express - Summer in the southern hemisphere of Mars

10. September 2015

The primary task of the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) High Resolution Stereo Camera (HRSC) on board ESA's Mars Express spacecraft is to acquire high-resolution image data for the mapping of Mars. For this purpose, the optical system is normally directed perpendicular to the surface of the planet.

A virtual flight over Atlantis Chaos on board Mars Express

3. August 2015

Countless myths have been woven around the legendary realm of Atlantis. Circa 350 BC, the philosopher Plato depicted a maritime power situated in Atlantis that controlled broad areas of Europe and Africa. It was most likely an island whose inhabitants ruled over the people living in the multiple regions bordering the Mediterranean.

Perspektivische Ansicht von Ascuris Planum auf dem Mars

Tectonic stress on Mars – the landscape of Ascuris Planum

9. July 2015

Geology is a fairly young science when compared with physics, mathematics or astronomy. Emerging from the quest for natural resources and ores, it developed into an independent field of research only in the last few centuries.

Istok%2dKrater

Liquid water found on Mars with increasing regularity

24. June 2015

Today, Mars appears bone-dry and dusty – but new analyses of Istok crater provide evidence of periodic flows of debris from its walls into its interior. "What is surprising is that it must have happened reasonably often," explains Ernst Hauber, a planetary researcher at the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR).

Die Struktur Siloe Patera im Marshochland

Siloe Patera – a supervolcano on Mars?

21. May 2015

At present, the Siloe Patera construct in the Martian highlands is the cause of much debate among scientists. Is Siloe Patera actually the remains of a supervolcano? There is evidence to suggest this – but also evidence against it. It is a current example of an interesting geoscientific debate.

Generations of craters testify to the erosive power of wind and water

23. April 2015

On our neighbouring planet Mars, it is mainly wind – through its force and the dust and sand particles it carries – that shapes the terrain structures, wearing them away over the course of millions of years.

Mars

Mars in large format

14. April 2015

Previously, images of Mars were available in strip format – strip by strip carefully flown with the European Mars Express spacecraft and processed into three-dimensional terrain models and perspective images. Now, planetary scientists, under the leadership of the German Aerospace Center (DLR) have, for the first time, joined these individual 50 to 100 kilometre wide strips to create a single large-scale map.

Region nahe von Cydonia Mensae auf der nördlichen Halbkugel des Mars

The Cydonia region – was the north of Mars once covered by an ocean?

12. March 2015

These images, acquired by the High Resolution Stereo Camera (HRSC) operated by the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) on board ESA’s Mars Express spacecraft, show a region close to Cydonia Mensae in the northern hemisphere of Mars.

 
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