Mars Express

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Sanfte Hügellandschaft und breite Täler in Ismeniae Fossae auf dem Mars

Rolling hills and broad valleys in Ismeniae Fossae

14. November 2013

Gentle, rounded landscapes make up the Ismeniae Fossae, and can be seen in these newly released images created using data acquired by the High Resolution Stereo Camera (HRSC) operated by DLR on board ESA's Mars Express spacecraft.

An eight-thousand metre mountain with sulphate layers in Hebes Chasma

10. October 2013

If an astronaut were to stand in the Hebes Chasma basin, the view would be extraordinary. Precipitous walls rise almost 8000 metres into the skies, and a massif similar in size to Mount Everest lies at the centre.

Schwefelhaltige Sedimente im Krater Becquerel

A 'radiant' beauty – sulphurous sediments in Becquerel Crater

5. September 2013

The images presented in this mosaic and acquired with the High Resolution Stereo Camera (HRSC), on board ESA's Mars Express Spacecraft, show Becquerel Crater and, inside it, a mountain almost 1000 metres high, consisting of sulphurous layers deposited on top of one another. It demonstrates the eventful climatic history of the Red Planet.

Ablagerungen der Tagus Valles in Hesperia Planum

Scenes from the 'Middle Ages' on Mars – Tagus Valles deposits in Hesperia Planum

1. August 2013

These images, which were acquired using the High Resolution Stereo Camera (HRSC) operated by the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) on board ESA's Mars Express spacecraft, show a section of the northern part of Hesperia Planum.

Südöstlicher Teil des Olympus Mons

Lava flows at the foot of Olympus Mons

5. July 2013

On 21 January 2013, the HRSC camera, operated by DLR on board ESA's Mars Express spacecraft, imaged the southeast portion of the Olympus Mons shield volcano, the largest volcano in the Solar System, located approximately 200 kilometers southwest of the Sulci Gordii region.

Kasei Valles – the result of gigantic floods on Mars

6. June 2013

Numerous dramatic flood events sculpted the impressive valley system of Kasei Valles on Mars, seen in a new mosaic of 67 individual images acquired by the High Resolution Stereo Camera (HRSC) operated by DLR on board ESA's Mars Express spacecraft.

DLR Web special: The High Resolution Stereo Camera has been on board Mars Express for 10 years

31. May 2013

Nobody would have believed it back then; when the European Space Agency (ESA) spacecraft Mars Express was launched on 2 June 2003 to investigate our neighbouring planet, its mission was intended to last one Mars year, which is equivalent to about two Earth years.

Mars

On board Mars Express, in orbit around the Red Planet

31. May 2013

Grabens, dendritic valleys, lava flows and the highest known mountain in the Solar System – in the images from the German stereo camera on board the Mars Express spacecraft, the topography of the Red Planet appears so three-dimensional that you could walk through it.

Die Region Sulci Gordii

Landslides and lava flows on Olympus Mons

17. May 2013

Huge landslides, lava flows and tectonic forces have generated the stunning landscape seen in these images acquired by the DLR-operated HRSC camera system on board the Mars Express spacecraft.

Krater in Thaumasia Planum

Explosive 'twin' craters on Mars

11. April 2013

Intense underground steam explosions that occurred during the crater formation process could be responsible for the central depressions present in these 'twin' craters, located on Thaumasia Planum, an elevated plateau that lies immediately to the south of Valles Marineris, the largest canyon in the Solar System.

Wind – a shaping force on Mars

7. March 2013

The northern hemisphere of Mars is a single, massive lowland with only a few distinctive landscape features. Frequent, intense dust and sand storms are recurrent here over the course of the seasons. When this happens, the wind transports very small particles, which are either deposited in other locations, or, if they encounter rock, leave their mark through the effects of erosion.

Fire and ice in the red valley

14. February 2013

On 13 January 2013 the High Resolution Stereo Camera (HRSC), operated by the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) on board ESA's Mars Express spacecraft, imaged the mouth of the Tinto Vallis region of Mars, southwest of Palos Crater.

Glacial transportation of rubble and boulders through Reull Vallis

17. January 2013

As we look at the numerous graben and valleys that wind through the Martian highlands, it is not always clear which geological processes created them.

Der Südosten der Charitum%2dBerge auf dem Mars

Winter atmosphere on Mars

6. December 2012

Observing a seasonal phenomenon has its own special appeal on Mars. As the planet's rotational axis has a slightly greater inclination to that of Earth, our planetary neighbour experiences distinct seasons too – except these last around twice as long since it takes nearly two Earth years for Mars to orbit the Sun.

Signs of water, ice and wind in Nereidum Montes

1. November 2012

Nereidum Montes, a chain of mountains over 1000 kilometres long, is part of the northern rim of Argyre Basin, the second largest impact basin on Mars. On 6 June 2012, the HRSC camera on board ESA's Mars Express spacecraft, which is operated by DLR, photographed a part of this mountain range

Valles Marineris – the largest canyon in the Solar System

22. October 2012

Mars is clearly much smaller than Earth, but it can still come up with impressive superlatives. Several landscape features have unquestionably enormous dimensions – at over 21 kilometres in height, Olympus Mons is the largest volcano in the Solar System; the Hellas impact basin is more than 2000 kilometres across and eight kilometres deep – but particularly spectacular is the Valles Marineris canyon system

Der Hooke%2dKrater auf dem Mars

Ice-clad beauty on the 'Silver Island' of Mars

4. October 2012

On 8 June 2012, the High Resolution Stereo Camera (HRSC), operated by the German Aerospace Center (DLR) on board ESA's Mars Express spacecraft, acquired images of a region inside the Argyre Impact Basin, which is 1800 kilometres across and five kilometres deep.

Hadley Crater – closing in on the Martian interior

6. September 2012

Hadley Crater on Mars has been subject to several impacts by large asteroids in the course of its history. The 'craters within a crater' formed in this way give us a view over two kilometres into the Martian crust.

Vast volumes of water once flowed in Ladon Valles

2. August 2012

On 27 April 2012, the High Resolution Stereo Camera (HRSC) operated by the German Aerospace Center (DLR) on board ESA's Mars Express spacecraft acquired images of part of Ladon Valles. These images show an area north of the Holden and Eberswalde craters in Mars' southern highlands.

Mars Express – butterfly ejecta and wrinkle ridges in Melas Dorsa

5. July 2012

On 17 April 2012, the High Resolution Stereo Camera (HRSC) operated by the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) on board ESA's Mars Express spacecraft acquired images of a region in Melas Dorsa.