'Bring me a handful of moon dust, and I will explain the universe to you' – thus the claim made by Harold Urey, a Nobel laureate, even before humans had arrived on the moon. In point of fact, analyses of lunar rock and dust samples have yielded fundamental insights into the evolution of all bodies in the Solar System. The twelve Apollo astronauts gathered nearly 400 kilograms of the material. This minute sample held by DLR was taken from a 2.25-metre drilling core gathered by the Luna 24 probe: In 1976, the Soviet Union succeeded in bringing 326 grams of lunar material back to Earth with robotic probes. The sample's composition resembles that of terrestrial basalt, a common type of volcanic rock.