'Space for Earth' – the Space Pavilion at ILA 2014

One of the highlights at the ILA Berlin Air Show is the Space Pavilion, organised jointly by DLR, the European Space Agency (ESA) and the German Aviation and Aerospace Industry Association, (Bundesverband der Deutschen Luft- und Raumfahrtindustrie; BDLI). Under the theme 'Space for Earth', a special focus is being placed on space projects with practical relevance to Earth.

  • Galileo Control Center
    Satellites in the Galileo navigation system are controlled and monitored from the Galileo Control Center run by the DLR GfR. Four satellites are currently in flight operation and initial geo-locations have been successfully conducted; the system will eventually consist of 30 satellites.

  • Galileo Service GATE, railGATE, SEA GATE, aviationGATE
    Galileo satellite signals are simulated in different environments and across different applications to test use of the Galileo navigation system. This currently permits testing of applications in the automobile, rail, shipping and air transport sectors under real conditions.

  • EDRS (European Data Relay System)
    EDRS will be based on a network of geostationary 'relay' satellites; they will be used to transmit the ever-increasing volumes of data from Earth observation satellites to the ground without any time delay. The system uses an optical laser communication technology developed in Germany.

  • Heinrich Hertz satellite mission
    The Heinrich Hertz satellite mission is designed to test innovative satellite communications technology under real conditions in space. This will involve exposing the hardware to the extreme stresses caused by intense radiation and frequent temperature changes. The data acquired in this way will permit quality assessment and progressive development of new technologies and transmission methods.

  • Alphasat
    Launched in 2013, the European satellite Alphasat I-XL offers space to test technologies for the first time under the special conditions of geostationary orbit, in addition to carrying a commercial payload. A star tracker developed by Jena Optronik GmbH delivers highly precise orbit and attitude information and hence assists in the precise alignment of the optical laser communication terminal (LCT).

  • Laser communication terminal (LCT)
    The next generation of satellite communication systems will require inter-satellite link (ISL) data transmission capacities of between one and 10 gigabits per second, and the microwave technology available at the moment will prove inadequate. Funded by DLR and the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF), a research and development project was conducted under the auspices of Tesat-Spacecom GmbH and in cooperation with Astrium and Zeiss Optronik to develop the technology required for small, high-performance, reliable laser terminals.

  • HEMP ion propulsion
    The High Efficiency Multi Stage Plasma (HEMP) thruster uses ionised xenon gas as its propellant and achieves a fivefold increase in specific impulse compared with the best chemically fuelled thrusters. This means that faster journeys through outer space will be possible using electric propulsion. Four HEMP thrusters are scheduled to set off for space on a small geostationary satellite (SmallGEO) in 2014.

  • Remote sensing data for research and applications
    The purpose of the TanDEM-X (TerraSAR-X add-on for Digital Elevation Measurement) mission is to produce a highly precise, three-dimensional image of Earth in uniform quality and unprecedented accuracy. TanDEM-X is delivering a homogeneous elevation model as the indispensable foundation for many commercial applications and to answer a multitude of scientific questions. A variety of possible applications, including tectonic and climatic research, are illustrated based on front projection onto three terrain models (river valley, mountain landscape, island).

  • Ariane 5 ME
    The purpose of the current Ariane 5 Midlife Evolution (ME) programme at ESA is to increase Ariane 5’s payload capacity to 12 tons. The new Vinci upper stage engine, which DLR is testing in Lampoldshausen, together with a greater fuel load in the upper stage, will equip Ariane 5 with increased performance and greater mission flexibility.

  • Engine test stand P4.1
    The P4 test stand at the DLR site in Lampoldshausen consists of two test positions, P4.1 and P4.2. Both systems have seen multiple modifications since their first use to meet the requirements of a variety of development programmes. The latest upgrade permits tests under high-altitude conditions. The P4.1 test stand is currently in use for tests on the new European cryogenic upper stage engine, Vinci.

  • Combustion chamber technology
    The Vinci upper stage engine is the most powerful and advanced in Europe. Designed for future generations of European Ariane launchers, it is scheduled to become operational in 2017. With its re-ignition capability, the engine can deliver satellites directly into geostationary transfer orbit or transport them to a variety of other orbits. Additionally, its active de-orbit capability will contribute to reducing space debris.

  • The German Space Operations Center
    The German Space Operations Center (GSOC) has managed space missions since 1969, controlling both satellites and manned flights. The space laboratory Columbus, Europe’s largest contribution to the International Space Station (ISS), was brought into operation in February 2008. This also marked the start of work for the Columbus Control Center (Col-CC).

  • Alexander Gerst – the next German ESA astronaut
    Alexander Gerst is scheduled to depart for the International Space Station (ISS) from the spaceport in Baikonur on 28 May 2014. Gerst will be the Senior Flight Engineer for the European Automated Transfer Vehicle (ATV). He will monitor the arrival of the space transporter as part of the 'Blue Dot' mission and is responsible for distributing the 2600-kilogram payload. Additionally, his duty roster involves the commissioning of the materials science laboratory for electromagnetic levitation.

  • Space medicine
    Astronauts carry dosimeters on their bodies to measure their exposure to radiation in space. They are used to log exposure outside the body, directly on the skin. The Dosis 3D experiment records exposure inside the Space Station. The aim is to use this data to produce a three-dimensional map of radiation exposure within the International Space Station. The results will be particularly relevant for future manned missions, in order to design effective shielding.

  • Automated Transfer Vehicle (ATV)
    he last scheduled flight of an Automated Transfer Vehicle (ATV), George Lemaître, is set to take place in June 2014. The ATV programme has provided Europe with access to the International Space Station since 2008. ATV, the most complex space vehicle ever constructed in Western Europe, is an outstanding milestone in the history of European spaceflight. DLR in Oberpfaffenhofen coordinates communications between the ATV Control Centres spread across the world. DLR in Lampoldshausen also tested the German re-ignitable upper stage engines for the Ariane 5.

  • The European space laboratory Columbus
    Columbus, Europe's contribution to the ISS, is a multipurpose laboratory for interdisciplinary research under microgravity conditions. It was installed permanently on the ISS on 11 February 2008. The European Columbus Control Centre within DLR's German Space Operations Center in Oberpfaffenhofen is in charge of laboratory operations.

  • DLR Robot TORO
    Whereas the purpose of other robots is to move as planned within familiar terrain, TORO is chiefly designed to cope independently, flexibly and safely with a new and unfamiliar environment. To do this, researchers at the DLR Robotics and Mechatronics Center draw on knowledge they already possess: TORO's arms and legs are based on the DLR lightweight robots already used in car manufacturing.

  • DLR Moon Rover
    The DLR Moon Rover by the DLR Robotics and Mechatronics Center uses Semi-Global Matching (SGM) to develop an awareness of its environment. In this, only the destination coordinates are added to the camera image by human hand. The rover then sets off independently to negotiate a safe path to the specified destination. This technology, developed at DLR, is necessary as long signal transit times make direct remote control of space robots slow and cumbersome, leading to a risk that the rover might get stuck in impassable terrain.

  • The German service satellite DEOS
    DEOS is designed to grasp and then dock with inactive satellites in space. It will be able to conduct maintenance or manoeuvre an uncontrollable or defective satellite into a controlled descent and burn-up in Earth's atmosphere. DEOS is planned to consist of a target and a service satellite and is intended to demonstrate the feasibility of this technology.

  • Mars in 3D
    The European Mars Express mission that set off on 2 June 2003 is providing important new data on the geology, meteorology and atmosphere of Mars. Mars Express will permit drawing conclusions on the climate history of the Red Planet as well as clarify the role and presence of water. The High Resolution Stereo Camera (HRSC) developed by the DLR Institute of Planetary Research is mapping Mars at an unprecedented resolution, in three-dimensions and in colour.

  • Asteroid landing craft MASCOT
    MASCOT (Mobile Asteroid Surface Scout) will set off with the Japanese orbiter Hayabusa-2 in December 2014. The landing craft will be ejected above the asteroid 1999 JU 3. Upon arrival on the surface, it will deploy a variety of instruments to conduct measurements, using a flywheel mechanism to 'hop' from measuring point to measuring point.

  • Rosetta – Europe's comet chaser
    After a flight lasting over 10 years, ESA's Rosetta spacecraft is scheduled to reach Comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko in August 2014. The Philae lander will then touch down on the surface of the comet in November. Together, Rosetta and Philae are carrying 21 instruments designed to analyse the comet. DLR played a lead role in the development of the lander and is responsible for operating the lander control centre that will supervise the daring and previously unattempted comet landing.

  • Orion
    Orion is the US multipurpose space capsule (Multi-Purpose Crew Vehicle, MPCV) being developed by Lockheed Martin for NASA and ESA. Its purpose is to enable manned flights with between two and six astronauts into low Earth orbit or to the Moon, Mars and asteroids. The MPCV is also suitable for transporting cargo and astronauts to the International Space Station.


Last modified: 20/05/2014 21:46:11

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Space Pavilion at ILA 2014

Space Pavilion at ILA 2014

The Space Pavilion is organised jointly by DLR, the European Space Agency (ESA) and the German Aviation and Aerospace Industry Association, (Bundesverband der Deutschen Luft- und Raumfahrtindustrie; BDLI).

Alexander Gerst during training in Star City near Moscow

Alexander Gerst beim Training im Sternenstädtchen nahe Moskau

The training of German ESA astronaut Alexander Gerst includes instruction in the use of special spacesuits. The image shows Gerst trying on the Russian Sokol space suit that he will wear during his six-hour flight to the ISS in a Soyuz spacecraft.

Rosetta at the comet

Rosetta am Kometen

Artist's impression of the Rosetta spacecraft at its destination, Comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko. The picture is not to scale; the spacecraft's solar arrays have a span of 32 metres; the diameter of the nucleus is about four kilometres.

Oblique view of 'Mound C' in Juventae Chasma

Oblique view of 'Mound C' in Juventae Chasma

The stereo image data delivered by the DLR-operated HRSC camera system on board Mars Express enables to present the landscape from different perspectives. This image shows what scientists have named 'Mound C', a mountain in Juventae Chasma with a width of 53 kilometres and a height of 3300 metres, and whose dimensions naturally have more in common with an alpine mountain range than a heap of soil. Lighter layers are seen here on the eastern flank, close to the base, consisting of gypsum and similar sulphate minerals. Relatively soft material, stretching for several kilometres in line with the prevalent winds, has been eroded to form sharp ridges that look almost like a sand blaster has been at work. Copyright note: As a joint undertaking by DLR, ESA and FU Berlin, the Mars Express HRSC images are published under a Creative Commons licence since December 2014: ESA/DLR/FU Berlin, CC BY-SA 3.0 IGO. This licence will also apply to all HRSC images released to date.

Artist's impression of Alphasat I-XL

The European telecommunications satellite Alphasat I-XL was launched on 25 July 2013 with the intention of revolutionising mobile telecommunications. From geostationary orbit at an altitude of about 36,000 kilometres, it will be testing new technologies such as the German Laser Communication Terminal (LCT).

The TORO robot from head to toe


The German Aerospace Center's (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) TORO robot began as a walking machine – just legs with a camera. With an upper body, arms and hands, TORO is now complete.

65 Ariane mission

65. Ariane%2dMission

65 Launch of Ariane 5 on 28.09.2012 from the European Spaceport in French Guiana.

TanDEM-X and TerraSAR-X orbiting in formation

TanDEM%2dX und TerraSAR%2dX im Formationsflug

TanDEM-X and TerraSAR-X orbit in formation to acquire data for a highly accurate global digital elevation model.

Galileo test satellites in their orbits

Das Bild zeigt alle vier Galileo In Orbit Validation%2dSatelliten auf ihren Umlaufbahnen. Die ersten beiden Satelliten sind am 21. Oktober 2011 ins All gebracht worden.

The image depicts all four Galileo In Orbit Validation satellites in their orbits. The first two satellites were launched on 21 October 2011.

High-efficiency multi-stage plasma (HEMP)

Das High Efficiency Multi Stage Plasma (HEMP)%2dTriebwerk

In 2014, a small geostationary satellite (SmallGEO) will be launched to demonstrate in orbit for the first time that new technologies are capable of significantly reducing the operating cost of telecommunication satellites. The HEMP thrusters, their power supply, the xenon gas flow controller, and other components will form a HEMP thruster assembly (HTA) that will be integrated in the SmallGeo satellite. The HTA project was commissioned by DLR's Space Administration.

Artist's impression of Heinrich Hertz satellite

Künstlerische Darstellung des Heinrich%2dHertz%2dSatelliten

In the Heinrich Hertz satellite mission, new satellite payload, ground station, antenna, and satellite platform technologies will be tested for up to 15 years under the extreme conditions prevailing in a geostationary orbit, such as high radiation levels and extreme temperature fluctuations.


  • DLR Rosetta webspecial
  • DLR Web special: 10 years HRSC camera on board Mars Express
  • DLR Mars Express Webspecial


  • Booklet: DLR exhibits at ILA 2014 (3.54 MB)
  • Mission brochure: Blue Dot - Alexander Gerst shapes our future on the International Space Station (9.54 MB)
  • GATEs brochure (7.98 MB)
  • ATV brochure (2.54 MB)
  • TanDEM-X brochure (8.05 MB)
  • Earth Observation - Discovering, Surveying, and Understanding Our Planet (7.12 MB)
  • Mars Express brochure (1.78 MB)