The German Aerospace Center's (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) mobile rocket base MORABA launched the MAPHEUS-5 high-altitude research rocket at 06:55 CEST on 30 June 2015, carrying four DLR experiments on board. The 12-metre-high, two-stage rocket took off from the Swedish Esrange Space Center and ascended to an altitude of 253 kilometres – taking only 74 seconds to reach a state of microgravity lasting over six minutes, which was used to conduct experiments from the fields of material physics and biology.
For 28 hours, six subjects will remain lying down and tilted at 12 degrees so their heads are lower than their legs. At times, they live and sleep in a carbon dioxide enriched atmosphere. With the 'SpaceCOT' study, researchers from the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) and the US National Space Biomedical Research Institute (NSBRI) are investigating how the human brain and eyes are affected by the shift of body fluids towards the head as well as the increased carbon dioxide content in the air.
Despite a new trajectory for Rosetta and a reduction of the distance between the orbiter and Comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko from 200 to 180 kilometres, contact with the Philae lander remains irregular and short. After the initial contact on 13 June 2015, Philae has reported to the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) Lander Control Center (LCC) in Cologne a total of six times.
Today, Mars appears bone-dry and dusty – but new analyses of Istok crater provide evidence of periodic flows of debris from its walls into its interior. "What is surprising is that it must have happened reasonably often," explains Ernst Hauber, a planetary researcher at the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR).
The team at the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) received data from the Philae lander for the third time on 19 June 2015. Between 15:20 and 15:39 CEST, Philae sent 185 data packets.
The Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA), a joint project between the US space agency NASA and the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR), started the first observation flight of this year's New Zealand campaign on 19 June 2015 at 09:20 CEST (19:20 local time).
The International Space Station (ISS) offers a unique opportunity to conduct research in microgravity. Its newest research system – the PK-4 plasma crystal laboratory – has now begun scientific operations in the Columbus module.
Pascale Ehrenfreund, currently Research Professor of Space Policy and International Affairs at the Space Policy Institute in Washington, is the new Chair of the Executive Board of the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR). This was decided unanimously in Berlin today by the DLR Senate, which was chaired by the State Secretary at the German Federal Ministry of Economic Affairs and Energy (Bundesministerium für Wirtschaft und Energie; BMWi), Matthias Machnig, in Berlin.
South Africa has plentiful solar energy and, at the same time, possesses a large aluminium processing industry. Researchers and industry are cooperating within the SOLAM (solar melting of aluminium in a directly radiated rotary kiln) project to develop a method by which aluminium foundries could use solar energy to melt this metal.
The US aerospace agency NASA and the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) have signed two agreements on further scientific cooperation in the aeronautics sector. Both partners want to work together on the research topics of aircraft noise simulation and the improvement of helicopter aerodynamics.
After more than 10 years of intense development, Airbus in Friedrichshafen has completed the main component that will be at the heart of the highly sensitive payload of the LISA Pathfinder mission – the LISA Technology Package (LTP) Core Assembly.
The Philae lander reported back on 14 June 2015. From 23:22 to 23:26 CEST, the lander sent some data packets that are now being evaluated at the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR). "But this time, the connection to the lander was relatively unstable," says DLR Philae Lander Project Leader Stephan Ulamec.
The Aeroliner3000 train concept, jointly developed by the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) and the Andreas Vogler Studio (AV Studio) architectural practice, is one of the three finalists in the international 'Tomorrow's Train Design Today' competition.
The Philae lander has reported back on 13 June 2015 at 22:28 (CEST), coming out of hibernation and sending the first data to Earth. More than 300 data packets have been analysed by the team at the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) Lander Control Center: "Philae is doing very well – it has an operating temperature of minus 35 degrees Celsius and has 24 watts of power available," explains DLR’s Philae Project Manager, Stephan Ulamec. "The lander is ready for operations." Philae 'spoke' for 85 seconds with its team on ground in its first contact since it went into hibernation.
There are just 188 known meteorite craters worldwide. Some span a mere 10 metres, while others extend across 160 kilometres and are significantly more impressive. They all share a common history – an object from outer space must hit the Earth travelling at least 11 kilometres per second, or 39,000 kilometres per hour, to leave behind an impact crater.
On 15 November 2014 at 01:15 CET, Philae's battery was exhausted and, after nearly 60 hours of operation on Comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko, the lander went into hibernation – in an unexpected place. Philae 'bounced' several times before landing in its current location, and its exact position has still not been determined.
The Dawn orbiter initially traced the path of the equator before crossing the north and south poles of Ceres. Researchers at the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) have used the images acquired thus far with the Framing Camera on board the spacecraft and the first three-dimensional terrain models created from them to produce a virtual scenic flight over icy Ceres.
Under the catchphrase 'Knowledge for Tomorrow', the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) is presenting its technological innovations in aerospace at the Paris Air Show. The 51st Air Show in Paris, one of the largest and most important aerospace exhibitions in the world, provides an exciting platform for leading representatives of the industry.
Aircraft and vehicle manufacturing are becoming increasingly dependent on structures made of fibre-reinforced polymers (FRPs). The reason for this is the advantageous properties of these high-performance composites – they exhibit high stiffness and strength, but are low in weight.
The upgraded far-infrared spectrometer upGREAT has successfully completed its first deployment on board the Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA), a joint project between the US Space Agency NASA and the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR). During four commissioning flights from its home base in Palmdale, California, conducted between 13 and 22 May 2015, upGREAT showed unprecedented efficiency in analysing the origins of carbon radiation from interstellar gas and dust clouds.