In 1999, the European Commission launched the Single European Sky (SES) programme to ensure that national airspaces grow together to create a more unified and efficient pan-European airspace. Together with the Netherlands Aerospace Centre (Nationaal Lucht- en Ruimtevaartlaboratorium; NLR), the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) has become a member of the EU Single European Sky ATM (Air Traffic Management) research programme, known as SESAR 2020. The aim of SESAR 2020 is to develop new systems for the unification of European airspace and meet the challenges of increasing air traffic.
Mobile inspection robots crawl over pipelines on magnetic wheels and identify critical points using special sensors. What sounds like science fiction has long since become reality, but the moment that these robots need to be serviced and inspected, it has not been possible to avoid human interaction.
Dense rainforest, a twin-engine turbo-prop aircraft and advanced radar technology – researchers from the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) are performing numerous measurement flights from 1 to 29 February 2016 over the central African country of Gabon to determine the state of the rainforest.
Components made of Carbon Fibre Reinforced Polymers (CFRP) are increasingly being used to make aircraft lighter, more comfortable and more economical. In order to make these aircraft even safer and facilitate their maintenance, the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) has built a large aircraft component out of CFRP, as part of the EU Smart Intelligent Airframe Structures (SARISTU) project. The component can provide information about the size and location of any damage.
A globally unique programme of field research has been designed to address the effect of aircraft noise on children's sleep. Researchers at the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) will be conducting a study on the sleep patterns of a total of 50 children living in the vicinity of Cologne/Bonn Airport until 2018.
The German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) plans to build a realistic replica of the world's first series-produced aircraft and study it scientifically. The project intends to honour the work of aviation pioneer Otto Lilienthal who, 125 years ago, became the first person to pilot an aircraft.
Gravity waves affect the climate and weather. For the first time ever, scientists from the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR), together with colleagues from the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (Karlsruher Institut für Technologie; KIT) and the Jülich Research Centre (Forschungszentrum Jülich), as well as other national and international partners, have succeeded in measuring almost the entire life cycle of atmospheric gravity waves.
Aviation in Europe needs to become more environmentally friendly and quieter. To get to the 'core' of aircraft noise on the ground, researchers at the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) dismantled current aircraft engines and began conducting physical modelling.
With its research and management divisions, the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) contributes to the solution of global challenges. The work includes not only the reduction of emissions caused by air transport, but also highly automated travel for the mobility of the future, cost-effective energy storage solutions and environmental monitoring for the protection of the atmosphere.
An unmanned, electric, autonomous aircraft travelling at 75 kilometres per hour lands gently on the roof of a moving car. For the first time, researchers at the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) have successfully demonstrated a technique developed for this purpose.
An important growth in passenger numbers is expected by 2030, according to the latest aviation report by the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR). In 2014, 105 million passengers were recorded in Germany, and scientists are predicting 175 million passengers for 2030. This represents an average annual increase of around 3.3 percent.
In the icy environment high above the Arctic and working in close cooperation with other German research institutes, scientists from the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) are going to investigate the complex processes involved in climate change and their impact on the polar atmosphere.
Larger and more powerful engines are making flying more efficient. These gigantic main engines take up more space on the wings of modern passenger aircraft. However, they influence the flow over the wing surface and reduce lift.
NORAH (NOise-Related Annoyance, cognition, and Health) is the largest European-level study on the effects of air, road and rail traffic noise. The results have recently been released by the Environment and Community Centre (Umwelt- und Nachbarschaftshaus), a subsidiary of the German state of Hesse and part of the Forum Airport and Region (Forum Flughafen und Region).
Europe is home to some 450 airlines, 700 airports and a world-leading aviation industry. For 15 years, the Advisory Council for Aviation Research and innovation in Europe (ACARE) has been bringing together the foremost commercial and scientific representatives in the European aviation industry to jointly develop guidelines for European aviation research.
Alternative fuels have the potential to support the environment- and climate-friendly developments in air transport. At present, global air traffic contributes towards almost five percent of global warming. In addition to the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide, condensation trails and the resulting cirrus clouds lead to a significant climate impact.
From 9 September 2015, test flights are taking place on three consecutive days in a simulated disaster scenario as part of the EU's 'Driving Innovations in Crisis Management for European Resilience' (DRIVER) project. Harrowing scenes are being simulated in Braunschweig on those days. A major flood has covered a wide area around the Tankumsee, a lake near Gifhorn; surrounding roads are also affected and people are stranded in the water.
Researchers at the German Aerospace Center (DLR) are researching a morphing wing trailing edge that can be smoothly transformed into any shape and will make conventional flaps redundant. The flaps on the wings of today’s commercial airliners are actuated via a complicated mechanism. Their arrangement and the resulting gap when they are extended compromises the aerodynamics, increases fuel consumption and contributes to inflight noise. The new technology, on the other hand, is flexible, its movement being based on that of carnivorous plants. This enables the gap between the wing and the flap to be eliminated.
A tangle of treetops and branches, through which just the occasional clear area provides glimpses of the trunks and roots growing below. Whether it is woodland with German spruces or a tropical rainforest, very few sensors are able to see through this green carpet and clearly visualise the underlying structures. The German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) is developing radar technology that, for the first time, will enable a three-dimensional visual representation of forest areas from the roots to the crowns.
Collaboration between them is already a reality, but with the signing of a framework cooperation agreement on 9 July 2015, the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) and the National Research Council of Canada (NRC) have now strengthened their cooperation. Current research projects will be extended in the next five years – for example, in the area of alternative aircraft fuels – and new cooperation projects will be embarked upon to facilitate, among other things, uncrewed aerial vehicles (UAV) and aircraft cabin research.