The Sundarbans mangrove forest, one of the largest such forests in the world (140,000 hectares), lies in the delta of the Ganges, Brahmaputra and Meghna rivers on the Bay of Bengal. It is adjacent to the border of India’s Sundarbans World Heritage site, established in 1987. The site is intersected by a complex network of tidal waterways, mudflats and small islands of salt-tolerant mangrove forests and presents an excellent example of ongoing ecological processes. The area is known for its wide range of fauna, including 260 bird species, the Bengal tiger, and other threatened species such as the estuarine crocodile and the Indian python. Changes in the course of the major rivers and the evolution of the mangrove stands can be monitored very effectively from space. In this false-colour image, vegetation appears in different red tones and agricultural areas are almost white.
The image was taken on 24 November 1999 by the satellite Landsat-5 / TM and has a resolution of 30 metres. It covers an area of 60 by 120 kilometres.