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Kilimanjaro National Park

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Kilimanjaro National Park
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Two striking mountains are shown in this satellite image of northeast Tanzania. To the left, 4,565-metre-high Mt. Meru can be seen, and to the northeast (upper right) Kilimanjaro, at 5,895 metres Africa’s highest mountain. With its snowy peak looming over the savannah, this volcanic massif stands in splendid isolation above the surrounding plains. It is encircled by mountain forest and numerous mammals, many of them endangered species, live in the park. This false-colour image yields detailed information about the elevation-dependent vegetation belts on Kilimanjaro, which are not uniformly distributed. On the mountain’s southern flank the vegetation extends further into the foothills than is the case for the northern side. This is because the mountain blocks the prevailing trade winds from the southeast, causing them to unload their moisture in the form of rain before proceeding over the mountain.

The image was taken on 25 February 1987 by the satellite Landsat-7 / ETM+ and has a resolution of 30 metres. It covers an area of 50 by 100 kilometres.

Credit: GLCF/DLR.
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