The museum as a social phenomenon owes its origins to the Age of Enlightenment in the 18th century. The five museums on the Museum Island in Berlin, built between 1824 and 1930, are the realisation of a visionary project and show the evolution of approaches to museum design over the course of the 20th century. Each museum was designed to establish an integral connection with the art it houses. Museum Island is in the lower third of the image. At its tip is the domed Bode Museum, opened in 1904, followed by the four other museums. At the upper edge of the image is the new main railway station satellite – still a construction site in 2005 when this image was made. Below it are government buildings and the Reichstag, at the edge of the green Tiergarten park. At the park’s eastern edge is the Brandenburg gate with its green copper roof, and the Holocaust Memorial to the south.
The image was taken on 5 September 2005 by the Ikonos satellite and has a resolution of one metre. It covers an area of three by six kilometres.
Credit: European Space Imaging / DLR.