The Central Amazon Conservation Complex makes up the largest protected area in the Amazon Basin (over six million hectares) and is one of the planet's richest regions in terms of biodiversity. It also includes an important example of varzea ecosystems, igapó forests, lakes and channels which take the form of a constantly evolving aquatic mosaic that is home to the largest array of electric fish in the world. The site protects key threatened species, including giant arapaima fish, the Amazonian manatee, the black caiman and two species of river dolphin. Natural, undisturbed lowland rain forests characterise the plains on both sides of the Rio Jurua. The wide valley floor has a different structure, with periodically flooded and nutrient-rich swamps and forests. The meandering river and its numerous sandbanks, steep sides, small lakes and dead river arms characterise the floodplain.
The image was taken on 28 July 1986 by the satellite L Landsat-5 / TM and has a resolution of 30 metres. It covers an area of 75 by 150 kilometres.
Credit: GLCF/ DLR.