Under the Almohads and the Hafsids, from the 12th to the 16th centuries, Tunis was considered one of the greatest and wealthiest cities in the Islamic world. Some 700 monuments, including palaces, mosques, mausoleums, madrasas and fountains, testify to this remarkable past. After the Great Mosque of Kairouan, Tunisia’s most important monument, Djamma ez- Zitouna (Olive Tree Mosque) built in 732, dominates the otherwise small-scale construction of the old city centre. Because of its white roof it can be readily identified at the lower edge of the image. It marks the centre of the 1,500 by 800 metre medina of Tunis, two-thirds of which is visible here. Because of their shadows and the good contrast on uniform asphalt surfaces, even objects below the resolving power of the sensor, such as the street lamps, can be identified.
The image was taken on 19 March 2007 by the Ikonos satellite and has a resolution of one metre. It covers an area of two by four kilometres.
Credit: European Space Imaging/DLR.