High standards of living and an expanding global population are increasing the scarcity of our natural resources. The ready availability of biotic and abiotic resources is, however, fundamental for human development, supplying people’s needs, and safeguarding nature. What in some cases is an already irreversible reduction in natural resources is brought about by enormous population growth, climate change, and intensified resource consumption driven by new technologies. The consequences are now perceived worldwide and call for the development of processes and methodologies that promote sustainable land management and the prudent use of resources.
The Spectroscopy and Land Degradation Team develops remote sensing based strategies at local and regional levels to identify natural resources and the changes associated with their use. The focus is on soil, mineral and energy raw materials, and forests, and spectroscopic technologies are being developed and employed to record, assess and analyse the changes they are undergoing. The team makes use of its considerable experience along the entire value adding chain of hyperspectral data processing, from routine recording and processing (radiometric, geometric) to geoscientific interpretation. All scales are taken into account (laboratory, field, aircraft and satellite) with the goal of making optimal use of satellite-borne hyperspectral systems for sustainable land and resource management
The Spectroscopy and Land Degradation Team plays a leading role in satellite hyperspectral missions like EnMAP and DESIS (see below) and devises methodologies for geoscience applications customized to these sensors. Methods are also developed to fuse hyperspectral data with suitable multispectral data to enrich the resulting spatial and temporal information.
The Spectroscopy and Land Degradation Team develops approaches and information products to address the following geoscience issues
Soil and Soil Degradation
Geology and Raw Materials
Mining and Environmental Effects
Evolving Forest Ecosystems
From a methodological perspective standardized solutions are being sought to:
The team supports the application oriented development and use of aerial and satellite borne missions (e.g. HySPEX, EnMAP, DESIS, TET):