18 June 2018As a greenhouse gas methane is 25-times more effective than CO2. Its sources include agriculture, forestry, and mining activities, livestock farming, wastewater treatment plants, and waste-disposal sites, among others. Because of its potent greenhouse effect it is particularly important to identify methane sources. EOC is participating in a large European measurement campaign to test various technologies for detecting and measuring carbon dioxide and methane sources.
15 June 2018Pine Island Glacier in West Antarctica is not only one of the fastest flowing ice streams on the Southern Hemisphere. In the past eleven years huge icebergs have also broken off four times from its floating ice tongue. The reason for the abrupt retreat of the glacier front has now been clarified with the help of two EOC scientists.
05 June 2018Urban agglomerations are growing rapidly worldwide and new megalopolises are emerging. The dense settlement structures with sometimes millions of people are particularly vulnerable to natural hazards. In the RIESGOS project (Spanish: risks), the EOC investigates natural hazards and their interactions in the Andean region.
22 May 2018A four-person research group achieved the largest Antarctic expedition since the 1950s. Back then, the Commonwealth Trans-Antarctic Expedition led by Sir Edmund Hillary and Sir Vivian Fuchs successfully crossed the Antarctic via the South Pole for the first time. During this year’s Antarctic summer a team from Antarctica New Zealand, a government agency, found a way across an unknown section of the Ross ice shelf, an ice region the size of France. Crucial information for determining the route was supplied by the German Aerospace Center (DLR) using data from the TerraSAR-X radar satellite. The successful traverse was part of the "Ross Ice Shelf Project", which is investigating how the ice shelf reacts to global warming.
18 May 2018After several weeks of increasing lava lake levels in the craters Halema'uma'u and Pu'u 'O'o of the Hawaiian shield volcano Kilauea, the crater floor of Pu'u 'O'o’ collapsed on May 1st, causing earthquakes and several fissures opened in the East Rift Zone and erupted
16 May 2018A few days ago a new data library came into operation at the German Satellite Data Archive, D-SDA. The volume of earth observation data is increasing almost exponentially, requiring a 60 petabytes (60 billion megabytes) expansion of D-SDA storage capacity. D-SDA safeguards long-term the data from German and international earth observation missions and makes them available for research.