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Projects: Geo-Risks and Civil Security
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Applications and Projects
Projects: Geo-Risks and Civil Security
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Applications and Projects: Geo-Risks and Civil Security
Establishing linked services for global environmental monitoring, developing early warning systems and disaster management gains increasing importance against a background of climate change. EOC participates in numerous relevant EU and ESA projects, cooperates with national and international organizations such as the UN Spider office and Germany’s disaster aid organization THW, and operates the Center for Satellite Based Crisis Information ZKI.
ZKI-DE – ZKI Service for Federal Agencies
2013 - today
The German Federal Ministry of the Interior (BMI) established a framework contract which enables national authorities and other authorized users to order products of the Center for Satellite Based Crisis Information (ZKI), beginning from January 2013.
The goal of DLR transport research is to devise approaches for convincing solutions to relevant traffic problems. In order to achieve efficient and focused traffic management for large public events and major catastrophes, a reliable system is to be developed to optimize joint decision-making by public authorities, organizations with security responsibilities, and public transport agencies. In the VABENE project, up-to-date traffic information and forecasts will be used for situation assessment, and decision options will be presented with the help of an integrated management and visualization tool. The required data will be obtained in real time through aerial traffic and infrastructure monitoring with the help of optical and radar instruments.
5/2016 - 4/2018
Das Projekt EO4HumEn+ (Extended EO-based services for dynamic information needs in humanitarian action) zielt darauf ab, humanitäre Einsätze mit Hilfe von Satellitenbildern und Geoinformation effizienter und zielgerichteter zu gestalten. Gerade bei akuten Krisen mit hunderttausenden Flüchtlingen ist der Überblick aus dem All von Vorteil.
Dykes under Pressure - Technical and ecological vulnerability and resilience of dyke landscapes
11/2014 - 10/2017
Within the project “Dykes under Pressure“, methods for analyzing the data of the Sentinel-1/2 and national satellite missions (TerraSAR-X, RapidEye) will be developed, enabling optimized and synergetic use of these systems to monitor technical and ecological vulnerability and resilience of dyke landscapes.
ASAPTERRA - Advancing SAR and optical methods for rapid mapping
The project “Advancing SAR and optical methods for rapid mapping” (ASAPTERRA) has the principal objective of further developing rapid mapping techniques for three types of natural hazards – floods, landslides and fires – using active as well as passive information sources. The resulting algorithms will be evaluated in real case applications during rapid mapping activities.
EO4SOSCV - Ethiopia-Harar SOS Children's Village
01/2016 – 03/2017
Mehr als 1,5 Millionen Kinder und deren Familien werden zurzeit von der humanitären Hilfsorganisation SOS Kinderdorf International weltweit in über 130 Ländern unterstützt. Damit die Organisation auch bei Naturkatastrophen und humanitären Krisenlagen in den betroffenen Gebieten effektiver Hilfe anbieten kann, unterstützt das ZKI SOS-Kinderdorf beim Aufbau von Notfall und Katastrophenschutz-konzepten. Mit Hilfe innovativer technischer Lösungen aus dem Erdbeobachtungsbereich wurden in der ersten Projektphase Frühwarnungs- und Notfallkartierungskonzepte entwickelt, die in der zweiten Phase (seit 10/2016) prä-operationell aufgebaut und getestet werden. Zudem unterstützt das ZKI die NGO bei der Exploration weitere innovativer Technologien aus anderen Bereichen, z.B. Energie. Die Allianz fördert das Projekt im Rahmen der globalen Partnerschaft mit SOS-Kinderdorf International.
TerraFirma - Pan-European Ground Motion Hazard Information Service
2003 - 2012
TerraFirma is an information service which measures ground and building movement with the help of radar satellite data. Many natural and human-related processes can cause these movements, which range from millimeters to meters. Such movement can, for example, damage important infrastructure or pose a risk of flooding, resulting in high costs. The service is first focusing on measuring ground displacement in European urban areas and in the future will also expand services to include other risk areas like slope collapse and earthquake zones. The Earth Observation Center (EOC) of DFD is a service provider producing data products on this type of movement on a routine basis. IMF contributes to the quality assurance efforts of the TerraFirma consortium and develops and validates new methodologies. The project was extended in 2009 for three years.
G-SEXTANT is an FP 7 project within the Copernicus (formerly GMES) framework. The goal is to develop a portfolio of earth observation products and services which first of all meet the needs of the European External Action Service for geospatial information. The focus is on developing options for pre-operational services in defined contexts (such as humanitarian aid, or natural resources in conflict regions), adapting products to meet user requirements, and developing a standardized product portfolio.
WASCAL - West African Science Service Center on Climate Change and Adapted Land Use
2012 - 2016
With climate change being one of the most severe challenges to rural Africa in the 21st century, West Africa is facing an urgent need to develop effective adaptation and mitigation measures.
WASCAL (West African Science Service Center on Climate Change and Adapted Land Use) is a large-scale research-focused program designed to help tackle this challenge and thereby enhance the resilience of human and environmental systems to climate change and increased variability. It does so by strengthening the research infrastructure and capacity in West Africa related to climate change and by pooling the expertise of ten West African countries and Germany.
01/2012 - 11/2014
The EU FP7 project „Disaster Training Curriculum – DITAC“ aims to develop a holistic and highly structured curriculum for first responders and strategic crisis managers dealing with national and international disasters. We will develop a standardized, comprehensive and efficient EU-wide approach to crises and disasters to feature the added value by EU coordinated actions in the field of crisis response. The Curriculum will improve the preparedness and availability of trained personnel by providing a common language, common objectives and common tools leading to better results in the protection and assistance of people confronted with large-scale crises.
2011 - 2014
In 2005, the establishment of core elements of a tsunami early warning system for the Indian Ocean with emphasis on Indonesia started within the framework of the GITEWS (German-Indonesian Tsunami Early Warning System) project. In this project, an early warning system was designed under the lead management of GFZ and a consortium of German research institutions (AWI, DLR, GVW, GEOMAR, KDM, BGR, UNU-EHS and GIZ). The system was handed over to Indonesia on 29 March, 2011. The structure of the system follows a so-called end-to-end approach, considering the whole warning chain from the detection of a natural disaster via decision support and warning dissemination, up to training and education of the local population as well as disaster preparedness.
The EU SAFER project (Strategies and Actions for Flood Emergency Risk Management) is designed to convert the existing satellite-based emergency mapping system into a routinely operating service (ERCS - Emergency Response Core Service).
03/2007 - 07/2010
The purpose of SAR-HQ is to develop methodologies specifically designed for mapping floods and assessing damage by studying and improving the usefulness of high resolution X-band radar data. Since floods are usually accompanied by widespread cloud cover, SAR remote sensing platforms, which operate independently of the weather situation, are particularly suitable for rapidly and cost effectively obtaining information on flooded areas at reliable repetition intervals.
European Maritime Security Services MARISS is a project financed by ESA for the purpose of establishing consistent and sustainable European maritime safety services to monitor marine borders and shipping. It was developed to meet relevant requirements of European and local users and integrates both earth observation and in-situ data to provide monitoring functions for European coasts and seas. Services also include watching for illegal trade, fishing, and immigration (boat people) in the waters of the European Union.
02/2008 - 01/2011
DeMarine Security is one of Germany’s national GMES interface projects. DeMarine Security focuses on the development of satellite based services and demonstrations to improve the surveillance of the maritime environment and specifically to improve the security of ship routes and ship based transport. EOC contributes to this project its expertise in SAR data and its near-real-time data acquisition capabilities in Neustrelitz.
The purpose of the LIMES (Land/Sea Integrated Monitoring for European Security) project is to specify and develop prototype information services based on satellite technologies in support of security management at European and global levels. DLR coordinates the “Humanitarian Aid and Reconstruction” cluster and participates in the development of innovative earth observation technologies.
GMOSS - Global Monitoring for Security and Stability
As a network of excellence, GMOSS supported research and technology for civil security in the framework of GMES. The aim of GMOSS was to integrate European research and development in earth observation in this context. GMOSS has enlarged the basis of knowledge and expertise, thus enabling Europe to use its capacities for efficient monitoring in support of civil security and humanitarian aid.
The Copernicus (former GMES) FP 7 project G-NEXT builds on the work performed in precursor GMES security and emergency projects like G-MOSAIC, LIMES and SAFER. It aims at providing geospatial products for supporting users of the GMES Security domain in managing situations of complex crises caused by man-made or natural disasters. Such support to the crisis management ranges from pre-crisis or prevention (contingency plans, reference mapping), to the phase soon after the event (event mapping, crisis area mapping, critical assets), and finally to the post event phase (damage assessment and monitoring mode) in general.
The G-MOSAIC (GMES Services for Management of Operations, Situation Awareness and Intelligence for regional Crisis) project focuses on identifying and developing with the help of reference users products, methodologies and pilot services which provide information gathered from space for EU foreign policy makers. Services will be established which facilitate decision making based on satellite data.
RISK-EOS is a GMES Service Element designed to provide disaster-relevant information on European fires and floods. A number of service providers support all phases of disaster management: prevention, early warning, the immediate disaster, and postcrisis assessment.
According to current climate projections, Mediterranean countries are at high risk for an even pronounced susceptibility to changes in the hydrological budget and extremes. The strategy of CLIMB - Climate Induced Changes on the Hydrology of Mediterranean Basins - is aiming to employ and integrate advanced field monitoring techniques, remote sensing analyses and retrievals, climate models auditing and integrated hydrologic modeling and socioeconomic factor assessment in a new conceptual framework to significantly reduce existing uncertainties in climate change impact analysis.
12/2009 - 12/2012
LinkER, a Service Contract financed by the EC, is the Preparatory Action intended to support the operational use of GMES Emergency Response Service products across the whole European Union. This goal is being reached through customized tools installed within each national/EC user community, represented by its own National User Focal Point (FP) as well as the EC Focal points in the DG ENV (Civil Protection), DG RELEX (Delegations) and DG ECHO (humanitarian aid). All Focal Points will have direct access to GMES Emergency Response Service products and will be supported to easily integrate them into the respective operational workflows of each Participating State. Both technical and procedural developments will be supported by adequate training and exercises.
The DeSecure project was initiated by the DLR Space Agency. Its aim is to support satellite based crisis information for users in the German government. The entire production cycle (from data reception, pre-processing and information extraction to data delivery) is being analyzed and improved. Another focus is the integration of German mission data such as from TerraSAR-X and RapidEye in this production cycle. Beyond the generation of satellite-based crisis information the use of RapidEye data in science is being supported.
11/2005 - 11/2008
Marine & Coastal Environmental Information Services
As part of MarCoast, routine services to monitor the maritime environment in all European waters are being provided. The consortium includes some 40 partners and is led by Alcatel Alenia Space of France. Users are the European Commission (specifically the European Environmental Agency EEA) and various institutions in all European coastal countries. The purpose of the service is to support the monitoring of maritime environmental conventions such as OSPAR and HELCOM.
Services cover the following main areas: oil pollution detection, monitoring and drift forecasting; monitoring and assessing water quality; and detecting and predicting the spreading of algal blooms.
German participants other than DLR are Brockmann Consult and the Federal Maritime and Hydrographic Agency (BSH)
• Marcoast Newsletter
• DLR Project Website
ResGrow deals with the expansion of the use for EO based information services for renewable energies (solar, wind, wave/tide, biomass, hydro). We investigate the use of cloud physical parameter statistics from geostationary satellites (MSG) and the APOLLO retrieval scheme for a more sophisticated solar energy site characterization. Additionally, a review of biomass information usage potentials is foreseen.
SASSCAL - Southern Africa Science Service Centre for Climate Change and Adaptive Land-use
SASSCAL (Southern Africa Science Service Centre for Climate Change and Adaptive Land-use) is a joint initiative of Angola, Botswana, Namibia, South Africa, Zambia, and Germany, responding to the challenges of global change and is foreseen as the regional driver for innovation and knowledge exchange to enhance adaptive land use and sustainable economic development in Southern Africa under global change conditions.
SENSUM - Framework to integrate Space-based and in-situ sensing for dynamic vulnerability and recovery monitoring
As millions of people are exposed to significant natural hazards every year, the GMES/Copernicus FP 7 project “SENSUM – Framework to integrate Space-based and in-situ sENSing for dynamic vUlnerability and recovery Monitoring” responds to the urgent need to monitor and map time-dependent hazard and vulnerability. By the combination of space-based and in-situ data collection for test sites in and outside Europe, the project aims to develop a comprehensive approach and methodology for dynamic, multi-resolution monitoring of pre-disaster vulnerability and post-disaster recovery planning and monitoring. Under the lead management of GFZ and a consortium of eight prominent international scientific institutions including the DLR, the project is meant to set a new standard for future mapping of vulnerabilities.
The destructive power of extreme natural events is causing more and more material damage and loss of life. As the number of natural disasters increases globally, coordinated disaster management becomes more important. During recent years, several research centers within the Helmholtz Association have gained extensive expertise in the field of disaster management. Linked via the Natural Disaster Networking Platform (NaDiNe), this expertise will be provided to a larger number of users beyond the realm of science institutions.
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