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Applications and Projects: Land Surface
The surface of our planet undergoes constant change. From exogenic and endogenic geological processes to global climate fluctuations to regional and local human interventions, processes are continually occurring on the surface of the earth which lead to significant changes in the character and usefulness of particular land segments. Examples are erosion, bushfires, desertification, large-scale ground clearance and urban sprawl. These changes can be identified and analyzed with the help of remote sensing methodologies. The results are used to develop information products, automated data processing chains, and resource management systems.
Mit der Copernicus Data and Exploitation Platform – Deutschland (CODE-DE) baut das EOC den nationalen Copernicus Zugang für die Daten aller Sentinel-Satelliten auf.
07/2016 – 06/2019
Das anhaltende Bevölkerungswachstum führt zu einer kontinuierlich fortschreitenden Expansion und Verdichtung von Siedlungsräumen. Diese Entwicklung kann eine Bedrohung für die Fauna darstellen, da wichtige Habitate innerhalb der Siedlungsräume verloren gehen und angrenzende Naturräume eine zunehmende anthropogene Überformung erfahren.
01/2017 – 12/2019
Das Projekt „Evolution of Copernicus Land Services based on Sentinel data” (ECoLaSS) hat die Verbesserung existierender sowie die Entwicklung neuer Copernicus Land Monitoring Dienste zum Ziel. Die überarbeiteten bzw. neuen Produkte - etwa für die Landwirtschaft - sollen der EU und relevanten Entscheidungsträgern in Form von Prototypen zur operationellen Integration ab 2020 vorgeschlagen werden. Eine Kernkomponente bei ECoLaSS ist die Auswertung von Sentinel-Massendaten und die Überbrückung der damit verbundenen Herausforderungen bezüglich Rechner-Infrastruktur und effektiver Algorithmen und Verarbeitungsprozeduren zur Datenauswertung und Produkterstellung.
11/2012 - 10/2017
Ziel des Forschungs- und Entwicklungsvorhabens OPUS-GMES ist die Unterstützung von Aktivitäten zur Vorbereitung und Etablierung eines Copernicus Zentrums in Deutschland. Dieses Zentrum soll einen nationalen Zugang zu Satellitendaten des europäischen Sentinel-Programms gewährleisten, Prozessierungs- und Archivierungsfunktionen bereitstellen sowie nationale und europäische Funktionen zur Versorgung von Nutzern mit Daten, Produkten und Services übernehmen.
WASCAL - West African Science Service Center on Climate Change and Adapted Land Use
2012 - 2016
With climate change being one of the most severe challenges to rural Africa in the 21st century, West Africa is facing an urgent need to develop effective adaptation and mitigation measures.
WASCAL (West African Science Service Center on Climate Change and Adapted Land Use) is a large-scale research-focused program designed to help tackle this challenge and thereby enhance the resilience of human and environmental systems to climate change and increased variability. It does so by strengthening the research infrastructure and capacity in West Africa related to climate change and by pooling the expertise of ten West African countries and Germany.
03/2016 – 03/2019
CoastMap beschäftigt sich mit der Entwicklung von fernerkundungsbasierten Methoden zur Unterstützung von Anlandeoperationen. Dazu sollen vor allem Hyperspektraldaten und LiDAR-Daten eingesetzt werden. Zielparameter sind die Ermittlung der Tiefe von Küstengewässern, die Gewinnung einer im Übergang Land- See nahtlosen Topographie sowie die Bestimmung und Bewertung der Bodenbedeckung (Vegetation, Böden, Gesteine) im Hinblick auf ihre Befahrbarkeit.
06/2016 – 05/2019
Das Ziel von Mosaik (Modellbasierte Stadtplanung und Anwendung im Klimawandel) ist die Entwicklung eines innovativen Stadt-klimamodells (PACE), welches in der Lage sein soll, das Stadtmikro-klima in Großstädten mit einer räumlichen Auflösung von weniger als 10m zu simulieren. Das Modell wird als benutzerfreundliches Werkzeug entwickelt, welches von Anwendern in der Stadtplanung eingesetzt werden kann.
Die Landwirtschaft ist in Deutschland mit Abstand der größte Flächennutzer mit ca. 52 % der Gesamtfläche des Landes. Mit AGRO-DE wird ein offener Zugang zu landwirtschafts-bezogenen Informationsprodukten geschaffen, die Forschungseinrichtungen, Bundes- und Landesbehörden sowie Nichtregierungsorganisationen (NGO) bei ihrer Arbeit unterstützen sollen, da methodisch einheitlich hergestellte Datensätze für Deutschland breitstehen werden. Darüber hinaus sollen diese Technologien auch den Einsatz von Precision Farming Technologien stimulieren und somit u.a. klein-strukturierte Betriebe und Betriebe mit ökologischem Landbau ansprechen.
TIMELINE stands for “TIMe Series Processing of Medium Resolution Earth Observation Data assessing Long -Term Dynamics In our Natural Environment”.
The TIMELINE project will generate long and homogenized time series of NOAA and METOP AVHRR data over Europe and North Africa using the historical data archive of DFD-DLR. The time series will be provided to the public using a free and open data policy, covering a wide range of traditional and innovative remote sensing products covering different processing levels. The long time series of about 30 years of daily acquisitions and the implementation of sound operational algorithms and state of the art validation techniques ensure a unique product set that conforms to requirements that rise directly from the scientific community.
Global Urban Footprint GUF
„Currently, more than half of the world’s population are urban dwellers and this number is still increasing rapidly. Global mapping and monitoring of urban areas is very important to support the development of strategies for sustainable future development of urban and rural settlements. Thus, the objective of the Global Urban Footprint (GUF) project is the provision of a worldwide data set, showing urban areas at unique spatial detail. The resulting map shows the Earth in three colors: black for “urban areas”, white for “land surface” and grey for “water”. This reduction emphasizes the settlement patterns and eases their characterization. The “Global Urban Footprint” will also be used as a basis for further developments to monitor global settlement dynamics over time and their comparison among different regions of the world.
CAWa - Regional Research Network “Water in Central Asia”
2008 - 2017
The interdisciplinary CAWa project, financed by the Federal Foreign Office, is concerned with Central Asia, which includes Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan and Turkmenistan. CAWa stands for “Water in Central Asia.” The project goal is to provide cross-border information on water availability and use. Toward this end, CAWa makes use of satellite remote sensing, hydrological and climate models, and communications technology, and integrates all project data and results in a standardized form in an information system. This new type of information is intended to support Central Asian scientists and decision makers in deriving future scenarios and strategies for sustainable water management.
Corine Land Cover
2001 - 2016
CORINE Land Cover (CLC) is the most prominent database concerning land cover and land use and their dynamics on the European, but also on National and regional levels. It was produced the first time for the reference year 1990, followed by updates for the years 2000, 2006 and 2012.
As one of three among over 90 submitted proposals for China alone in the CLIENT ("International Partnerships for Sustainable Technologies and Services for Climate Protection and the Environment") framework programme, the DELIGHT project (“Delta Information System for Geoenvironmental and Human Habitat Transition”) convinced the reviewers and was accepted for funding. The project is to be financed by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research, BMBF, and coordinated by EOC. The transformation of the Yellow River delta is the research focus. This delta region contains not only China’s second-largest oilfield and mushrooming cities, but also fragile coastal ecosystems and several nature reserves. Geoinformation from space, which can facilitate finding a balance between economic development and the conservation of natural resources, is thus a key project component. Over 20 German and Chinese partner institutions are contributing to DELIGHT.
01/2011 - 12/2014
GIONET (GMES Initial Operations - Network for Earth Observation Research Training) will create a European Centre of Excellence in the training of early stage researchers in the Earth Observation to provide skilled personnel for the emerging GMES land monitoring services during the GMES Initial Operations period (2011-2013) and beyond.
2007 - 2013
The interdisciplinary WISDOM project, financed by BMBF, is concerned with the Mekong delta region in southern Vietnam and, in the future, with certain aspects of the Mekong drainage basin, which includes six countries. WISDOM stands for “Water-related Information System for the Sustainable Development of the Mekong Delta.” The project goal is to establish an adaptable information system for the Mekong delta which can contributes to planning and decision making related to sustainable land management, integrated water resource management (IWRM) and accommodating to climate change.
11/2009 - 11/2013
As part of the EU Seventh Framework Program, the EnerGEO project was established to devise a strategy for estimating the effect on the environment and various ecosystems of tapping and using energy resources. This assessment will be based on models and remote sensing data. The strategy is to be demonstrated in pilot projects involving a variety of energy sources, including fossil fuels, biomass, solar energy and wind power.
02/2010 - 10/2013
“Earth Observation for Monitoring and Observing Environmental and Societal Impacts of Mineral Resources Exploration and Exploitation” (EO-MINERS) is a medium-scale focused research project funded by the EU Seventh Framework Program. It aims at integrating new and existing earth observation tools to further best practice in mining activities and to reduce the mining-related environmental and societal footprint. Interaction between the mineral extractive industry and society is to be improved in the direction of sustainable development and acceptability.
01/2009 - 02/2013
Geoland2, a project which is part of the EU Seventh Framework Program, is a joint initiative of the European Commission and the European Space Agency ESA. The goal is to lay the groundwork for the routine operation of the GMES Land Monitoring Core Services at local, continental and global levels by developing Core Mapping Services (CMS) and Core Information Services (CIS). As part of the Land Monitoring focus, the Core Mapping Services will provide basic geoinformation on land use and land cover as well as their seasonal and annual variations.
2009 - 2011
DeCover delivers geoinformation services to generate and update geo-related status and planning information concerning land cover. Toward this end, this joint project develops innovative and cost effective methodologies making use of earth observation and various other data sources to generate land cover information. The aim of DeCover is to support governmental agencies and offices in their need for land cover information. The consortia has 11 partners in Germany and is managed by the EFTAS Fernerkundung Technologietransfer GmbH. DFD is associated partner in the project and supports developments in the areas of nature protection and SAR geocoding. Project Schedule:
Phase I: January 2006 - June 2008
Phase II: 2009 - 2011
DLR - Chico
Since 2003 the interdisciplinary earth science project of the “Sino-German Coal Fire Research Initiative” has been supported by the Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) in China and by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) in Germany. It focuses on developing innovative methods to detect, analyze, and monitor coal fires in different provinces of the People’s Republic of China.
GSE Forest Monitoring
GSE Forest Monitoring (GSE FM), which focuses on monitoring wooded areas, is an international consortium led by the Gesellschaft für Angewandte Fernerkundung (GAF AG). In this context, DFD provides a service for the Schleswig-Holstein State Office of Nature and the Environment. Based on satellite data from the Indian IRS-P6 and the French Spot-5 satellites, forest classification is being carried out for all of Schleswig-Holstein. In addition, changes in wooded areas between 1990 and 2005 are recorded. For a selected county, forest type and natural age classes are also being mapped with the help of high spatial resolution IKONOS satellite data. In 2009 the project was renewed for three years.
GSE Land Information Service is a European consortium led by Infoterra GmbH Deutschland. It unites the three ESA GSE projects SAGE, GMES Urban Services (GUS) and CoastWatch (land portion) from the first GSE phase and offers a joint product portfolio comprised of mapping and geoinformation services. GSE Land supports the GMES priorities "Land Cover Change in Europe" and "Environmental Stress in Europe."
Together with other European partners, DFD has submitted an Extension Proposal entitled GSE-Nature (Nature Protection Services). The plan is to provide satellite-assisted services to support the EU Habitats Directive (Council Directive 92/43/EEC on the Conservation of Natural Habitats and of Wild Fauna and Flora) and nature conservation for the Schleswig-Holstein State Office of Nature and the Environment and the Brandenburg State Environmental Office.
Duration: October 2005 – September 2007
Sponsored by the European Space Agency
01/2004 - 04/2007
Geoland was a project in the 6th framework research program, financed as an integrated project running from 2004 to 2006. The aim of the Geoland consortia (56 partners from industry, research and user organizations) was the development and demonstration of reliable and cost effective geoinformation services to support the implementation of European, international and national directives and laws protecting the environment. Geoland focused on environment related issues such as monitoring land use and vegetation, water quality, nature protection, the Kyoto process, and food security. Geloand encompasses 9 subprojects, 3 regional and 3 global observatories, all of which are supported by a basic geoinformation service and an operational scenario. DFD was a partner in the “Observatory for Nature Protection,” supporting users with geoinformation services at regional and local levels in the performance of their monitoring and reporting duties, e.g. for the FFH directive.
The Polycentricity of German Metropolitan Areas - developing and testing a remote-sensing-based procedure to measure morphologic polycentricity
The evolution of polycentric metropolitan areas is one of the most incisive structural changes of the past 30 years. The current decentralized structure of metropolitan areas in western industrialized countries is described as a complex, network of centres and subcentres organized according to a functional division of labour. To what extent this transformation process from monocentric to polycentric settlement structures in German metropolitan regions has progressed has only begun to be systematically researched.
The project goal is to monitor rice growing areas in the Mekong delta with a focus on identifying and recording cultivated areas and agricultural systems (2 – 3 crop cycles per year) and estimating biomass levels. Based on this data, models are to be developed and validated which make it possible to estimate harvest yield. The necessary field data are gathered concurrently with satellite overflights. The assessments are primarily based on dual-polarized data from the radar sensors TerraSAR-X Stripmap and ASAR Alternating Polarization Precision (APP) C-band. For more information see the link to the project description (PDF file in german).
KAZUZ (Remote-sensing-based Technologies and Models for Sustainable Water- and Land-use Concepts in Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan) is a preparatory project supported by the international office of the German Ministry of Education and Research. The project goal is to establish an interdisciplinary and international team of Kazakh, Uzbek and German scientists and to develop for a test region an innovative project idea for a possible major research initiative. The focus is on feasibility studies relating to remote-sensing-based applications and to modeling the evolution of ecosystems in the area of Lake Balkhash.
Department: Land Surface
Project EO Miners
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