The pre-operational atmosphere service of GMES is currently provided through the FP7 project MACC, which is continuing and refining the provision of the main sets of data products provided by PROMOTE and GEMS, two projects funded by the European Space Agency and the European Commission respectively.
MACC's product lines include data records on atmospheric composition for recent years, and current data for monitoring present conditions and forecasting the distribution of key constituents for a few days ahead. They address the following:
A more detailed description of the atmosphere monitoring services developed by MACC is available in the Service Portfolio produced by the project:
The contribution of the cluster to MACC comprises:
The pre-operational GMES emergency service is currently provided through the FP7 project SAFER which addresses the following situations:
The GMES Emergency Response Services provide all actors involved in the management of such emergency situations, with timely and high quality products derived from space observations for use in the response phase.
In first priority, the project concentrates on rapid mapping during the response phase, with a response time objective of six hours after the emergency situation for the provision of reference mapping and of 24 hours for the provision of assessment maps.
The second priority is the extension to core service components before and after the crisis. It targets the longer term service evolution through the provision of thematic products, to be added in the portfolio of services. The main performance criterion is the added-value of products with risk-specific information.
Users involvement is a key driver of the project and a specific task addresses the federation of the key users, both for interventions in Europe and outside Europe.
The contribution of the Earth Observation Center (EOC) to SAFER comprises:
The pre-operational security service of GMES is currently provided through the FP7 project G-MOSAIC and the FP6 project LIMES. These two projects, which combine Earth observation technologies with communication and positioning technologies, address the following domains:
The contribution of the Earth Observation Center (EOC) to GMOSAIC comprises: