Welcome to the Institute of Vehicle Concepts



Welcome to the Institute of Vehicle Concepts

 

Institute director: Prof. Dr.-Ing. Horst E. Friedrich

The Institute of Vehicle Concepts is a systems institute. It processes and coordinates traffic-related research topics concerning new vehicle concepts and vehicle technologies.

The Institute's fields of endeavour address the development of future technology systems for sustainable, safe, and affordable generations of vehicles on road and rail. The Institute's contributions range from conception and design through construction, calculation, and simulation to the presentation of research demonstrators, components, and vehicles.

 

 

Institutsgebäude

Institute building

 

The Institute of Vehicle Concepts' guiding vision is successful scientific collaboration for efficient mobility based on regenerative energy sources and energy conversion/storage of the future as well as for advanced architecture concepts and lightweight construction for road and rail vehicles.

The successful integration of material, process, and construction innovations is made possible by collaboration between the DLR, the Helmholtz Association (HGF), and international science partners.

As part of the transportation research programme, the Institute of Vehicle Concepts collaborates with the Institute of Transport Research, the Institute for Transportation System Technology, and about twenty other DLR institutes. The Institute of Vehicle Concepts (FK) in Stuttgart is incorporated into the regional networks and has a field office in Berlin-Adlershof.

 

Our mission

The Institute's mission is the research, development, and evaluation of innovative vehicle concepts for road- and rail-vehicle systems. This means the vehicle's overall technical system, its design based on requirements from society and politics, and ultimately the development of mobility and the elaboration and evaluation of vehicle technology solutions. The research and development services rendered are focused on novelty and application orientation. The innovation feature develops here from significant increases in environmental or sustainability-oriented concept qualities. The fulfilment of all concepts' safety and efficiency requirements is mandatory. Part of the mission is also to continuously expand courses offered at university level using engineering and scientific results.

 

Our vision

The vision is focused on designing sustainable concepts for road and rail vehicles so that future traffic requirements pertaining to

• sustainability,

• safety and comfort, and

• cost effectiveness

are fulfilled as well as possible in comparison to all other aspects.

The Institute is a nationally and internationally sought-after provider of research and development services for holistic, systemic concepts and selected 'leading edge' technologies.

 

 

Orientation and research fields:

Road vehicle concepts

Motivation

  • Increasing transportation capacity, resource depletion, and environmental pollution and urbanisation require new systems, concepts, and technologies.

Research tasks

JHV-Modell

Road vehicle concepts

  • Conception and demonstration of innovative vehicle concepts
  • Exploration and holistic assessment of new technical solutions

Important results

  • Next Generation Car (NGC)
  • VECTOR21 scenario model for passenger- and utility-vehicle power train systems
  • Light Urban Vehicle
  • Modularisation and platform strategies

 

Rail vehicle concepts

Motivation

  • Mass transport in the relations of the mega-cities and energy efficiency set the boundary conditions for rail transport.

Research tasks

NGT

Rail vehicle concepts

  • Innovative multiple-unit train concepts
  • Increasing energy efficiency

Important results

  • Next Generation Train high-speed train concept
  • Concept commuter train NGT LINK with hybrid drive concepts
  • Wheel-integrated power trains
  • Modular lightweight honeycomb structures for a car bodies with high-speed traffic potentials
  • Software tools for evaluating high-speed traffic potentials HGV, LCA and Modelica libraries

 

 

Alternative power train

Motivation

  • The combustion engine (hybrid) as the backbone for road traffic
  • Further efficiency increases required
  • E-mobility plays an important rile in vehicle efficency and emissons
  • Innovative energy and thermal management is vital

Research tasks

 

Rollenprüfstand

Alternative drives

  • Holistic modelling of vehicle energy architectures
  • Solutions for significant energy increase in future drives
  • Innovative energyconversion concepts

Important results

  • Modelling of energy influences with in-house libraries
  • Free-piston linear generator as range extender
  • Secondary energy utilisation with thermoelectric generators
  • Robust modular fuel cell systems

 

 

Lightweight vehicle construction

Motivation

  • Lightweight construction is a key technology for the reduction of rolling resistances and energy needs.

Research tasks

 

Lightweight vehicle construction

  • Integral processing of methods, materials, and architecture concepts
  • Lightweight construction concepts and new technical solutions for ground-based vehicles
  • Functionally integrated lightweight structures

Important results

  • CFRP-intensive multi-material design
  • Adaptable crash-safe front end for alternativ power trains
  • Rib and space frame construction method
  • Lightweight structures for rail vehicles
  • Structural sandwich components
  • "LEICHT" chassiis for electric vehicles of the next generation
  • Shape-adabtable high pressure CNG tank in hybrid lighweight construction



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