The lightweight and hybrid design methods research field concerns itself with classical and novel joining technologies for vehicle structures in multi-material design. A large repertoire of devices for mechanical and adhesive-related joining methods is available. Among other things, there are robots for direct bolting, punch riveting, clinching, clinch rivets, and bolt driving.
Moreover, access to equipment for gluing along the entire spectrum from structurally stiff to flexible-elastic is available. Hybrid joints can also be scientifically investigated in detail by combining mechanical and adhesive-related bonding methods.