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Modelling and Forecasting Airport Capacity Constraints
Capacity constraints at airports are becoming increasingly more important. For the next 20 years, aircraft manufacturers like Airbus and Boeing as well as international organisations like ICAO expect air traffic to grow by 4% to 5% per year. However, many airports are operating at their capacity limit during peak hours already today and necessary capacity enhancements like a new runway can take up to ten years and more for realisation or are even an insurmountable task for some airports....
The aim of the European research project TEAM_Play (Tool Suite for Environmental and Economic Aviation Modelling for Policy Analysis) is to couple existing tools and models of 18 European research institutions to forecast air traffic and its impact on environment and society. This “Tool Suite” will be able to handle complex and global air transport policy issues to be integrated on the European side. Thus, it will strengthen the European Union to speak on ICAO / CAEP level.
Integrated Modelling of the Air Transport System
Research is focusing on the project „Integrated Modelling of the Air Transport System“ as well as on the impacts on the physical environment and its interaction with the societal environment. Superior goal of the project is setting up a toolbox, which allows for the model-technical realisation of the entire process chain starting from the traffic generation to environmental effects for the air transport sector.
Project „Efficient Airport 2030“
The objective of the project “Efficient Airport 2030” is the development of different forecast scenarios of the airport Hamburg and its simulation. The scenarios include future process and technology approaches for improved ground processes to increase performance. The Institute of Airport Transport and Airport Research developed a method for modeling how passengers find their path throughout an airport with and without indoor navigation system. Furthermore, the resulting potential time savings for the passengers as well as the monetary benefits for the airport using time values are derived.
FAMOUS – Future Airport Management Operating Utility System
The main task of modern terminal management is structuring efficient, prompt and customer-oriented handling processes on the ground.
Aeronautic Study on Seamless Transport
ASSET is a project within the Seventh European Framework Programme whose multinational consortium is coordinated by the German Aerospace Centre. Against the background of insufficient punctuality of the European air transport system which is mainly resulting from the high variance in offblock times, entailing poor predictability and costly time buffers, ASSET aims at the development of integrated solution scenarios for the optimisation of airport ground processes, comprising passenger-, baggage- and aircraft turnaround processes.
Simulation and Evaluation of „Critical Parts“
The project Critical Parts aims at the development of a process/technology-combination to enhance the depth and efficiency of security-checks for airport personnel.
Next Generation Train (NGT)
In the scope of the inter-institutional designed DLR-project NGT DLR-scientists research for an innovative, more efficient, safe and more economic high speed train.
Total Airport Management (TAM)
TAM is aiming at the optimal use of airport resources by means of enhanced coordination of the airport processes. The Airport Collaborative Decision Making (CDM) intensifying the exchange of information between the individual actors of air traffic is the basis of the TAM-concept. CDM focus on the area of flight control processes.
MONITOR – Monitoring System of the Development of Global Aviation
In order to allow for holistic statements on the air traffic development on different spatial levels with regard to society-relevant targets, the professional choice, update and analysis of data is mandatory. For this purpose the MONITOR project has been derived within the 7. EU-Framework program.The aim of the MONITOR portals is to support actors with information needs on air transport development, especially for strategic analysis, modeling activities and quantification exercises.
Clean Sky Technology Evaluator
The „Clean Sky Technology Evaluator“ is a subproject and main action item of the “Joint Technology Initiative (JTI) Clean Sky”. In the scope of this European Mega-Project (total budget 1.6 billion Euro) by means of six so-called „Integrated Technology Demonstrators“ (ITD) more sustainable aviation technology for the next generation of aircrafts featuring fixed or rotating wings is to be developed and validated until 2015.
INFRADEM: Infrastructures and demographic development
In the project InfraDem – Infrastructures and Demographic development - funded by the Helmholtz community, the Research Centre Juelich, The Rostock Centre for Demographic Research and DLR are cooperating in order to study the effects of the demographic change on the infrastructure demand.
Network AERONET III - Aircraft Emissions and Reduction Technologies
25 partners from 9 European countries are members of AERONET. They rank among industry (aircraft and engine builders, aviation and oil companies, airport operators), universities and research institutes and join the European thematic network, aiming at the reduction of emission caused by air traffic and its impacts on the climate by concentration and coordination of science competence, research and industry.
Environmentally Compatible Air Transport
The „Network of Excellence“ Environmentally Compatible Air Transport System is supported by the European Commission in the scope the 6th research framework programme. Within the network 13 European research centres are cooperating as to the issues of the environmental impacts of air transport. The DLR-institute Air Transport and Airport Research contribute to the network by supplying extensive scenario-competence in the area of the global air transport development.
PROJECTS WITH ADVANCED AIR-RAIL PASSENGER INTERMODALITY – THE CASE OF GERMANY
As to the severely growing capacity bottlenecks on European hubs, often a better integration of the various means of transportation is required. One goal is the linkage of high-speed train networks with airports. Germany is considered to be a pioneer for the integration of air traffic and railways. Eleven of the major airports are connected to the railway network of Deutsche Bahn AG (DB). Four airports are linked with the long haul network of DB. The linkage of Frankfurt airport with the newly constructed route Cologne-Rhine/Main, which has been inaugurated in August 2002 is of particular importance. In 2003 the special service „AIRail“ jointly provided by Lufthansa, Deutsche Bahn and Fraport, has been started. This service allows passengers from Cologne and Stuttgart to check-in for their flights departing from Frankfurt on their station of origin.
Development of Technology and Air Transport emitted CO2 until 2050
According to current prognoses despite short-term, economy-related declines, air traffic will continue growing on long-term. The development of CO2-emissions of global air traffic is mainly dependent on technology progress and the use of new airplane types in the world fleet.
CONSAVE 2050 – CONstrained Scenarios on AViation and Emissions
In the scope of the EU founded FP5 project four scenarios of global air transport development with regard to constraints - such as infrastructure, environment issues, international fragmentation, change of values – have been identified and reviewed on a European level. These scenarios, which are based on selected IPPC SRES scenarios, have been quantified with regard to demand, supply and emissions of global air transport up to the year 2050 taking into account demographic, economic and technological developments.
Observatory of the Air Transport Market
For three years (2007 to 2009), DLR has been assigned the task of Official Monitoring Institution of the European Aviation industry by the European Commission (Head Office Energy and Transport). The annual reports give an overview on the development of the entire air transport industry in Europe and have become a vital basis of information for decision makers in politics and economy.
Regional Spread of the Air Transport Demand
Although official statistics give detailed information on traffic flows there are no precise details on the description of demand structures. Therefore, within regular intervals passenger surveys are performed on all German airports.
Emission-related Landing Fees
During take-off and landing aircrafts emit pollutants such as NOx (nitrogen oxides) and HC (unburnt hydrocarbon). Both pollutants are precursor substances of the so-called summer-smog and are considered to contribute – in addition to other emission sources – to local environment problems in the vicinity of airports. In order to restrict these pollutants emission-related landing fees for the first time have been charged at selected German airports in January 2008. The implementation of these fees aims at the improvement of the local air quality on German airports.
SPADE: Supporting Platform for Airport Decision-making and Efficiency analysis
The airports as central hubs of air traffic flows frequently turn into needle eyes. Main reasons are lacking capacity and low efficiency. The airport efficiency can only be improved when decision processes are agreed upon in a faster way and can be processed more soundly between respectively by airport actors and policy decision makers.
TIVA II - Technology Integration for the Virtual Aircraft
In order to boost the DLR competence as to the integrated evaluation of overall aircraft configurations, the project „Technology Integration for the Virtual Aircraft“ (TIVA) has been founded.
Inclusion of Air Transport in CO2 Emission Trading
International air transport plays an essential role for economic growth and the prosperity in our globalised and work-sharing world. However, air transport like other means of transportation causes gaseous emissions with local and global effects as well as noise emissions. The globally effective emissions of international air transport are most probably contributing to the anthropogenic change of climate.
The effects of Emirates Airlines newly joining the market as observed on Duesseldorf Airport
Since 2001 Emirates Airlines serve flights to Dubai departing from Duesseldorf Airport. The business model of this airline mainly focuses on passengers, who change fllights in the Asian-Pacific area. The study deals with the issue as to how the new flight service affects other European hubs.
Integrative Consideration of sustainable Mobility
Applying biometric procedures at airports – Modelling and Analysis performed by means of TOMICS
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