Shortages in capacity are one of the biggest problems in international air transport. Most of the bottlenecks result from a lack of acceptance of necessary extensions at airports operating at full capacity. In a comprehensive study, the Air Transport and Airport Research Unit described various concepts for transport policy to limit or reduce aircraft noise.
The analyses of these concepts were developed further and supplemented by additional measures. It is found worldwide that the number of airports taking measures is continuously increasing with operational measures being the most common response. At an increasing number of European airports, a continuing diversification can be observed, especially with regard to landing fees based on noise.
Concepts in Transport Policy for the Reduction of Aircraft Noise (Download PDF [german])