Winter weather can severely impair the road and air traffic with respect to punctuality, efficiency and safety.
The institute deals with all safety-related problems of winter weather. This comprises the determination of the type, duration and intensity of winter precipitation as well as the investigation of atmospheric conditions leading to icing at aircraft. In cooperation with the airport of Munich a system is being developed which will provide a precise short-term forecast of winter weather. By combining several sources of data (radar measurements, observations, satellite data, and model predictions) an analysis of the atmospheric state is initiated and information about the present weather and its development in the near future is calculated. The calculation is based on up-to-date fuzzy logics and results in the formulation of so-called winter weather objects. The information associated with these objects enables the airport operators and also road services to timely react to upcoming weather changes with suitable measures. For example, snow-clearers can be organized and flights can be dispatched before the weather conditions hinder the operations, endanger the traffic participants or lead to costly delays.