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Climate effect of transport
The transport sector is a major emitter of anthropogenic CO2. The annual growth rate of transport-related greenhouse gas emissions is larger than that of other mature industrial sectors. In the light of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), the Kyoto Protocol and possible follow-up Protocols, this rate of increase creates a severe problem when trying to achieve emission reduction targets. Additionally, the impact of the transport sector on climate is complex and is mediated through more than just the list of gases in the Kyoto Protocol.
Environmental impact of traffic
At the Institut für Physik der Atmosphäre the impact of different traffic emissions on the composition of the atmosphere and the climate is investigated. Among other aspects, the relative contributions of single traffic modes are quantified.
Effects of transport emissions on the environment
At the Institute of Atmospheric Physics we investigate the effects of various transport emissions on the constitution of the atmosphere and the climate. For example, the relative contributions of single transport means (surface transport, navigation and aviation) are quantified. For this we use laboratory studies, airborne measurements in the atmosphere with the research aircraft HALO and Falcon, as well as global climate simulations, in particular with the climate-chemistry-model EMAC.
Traffic noise and sound propagation
Traffic generates noise which impairs the well-being and health of humans. The institute deals with the propagation of traffic noise from both road and rail. It develops and operates simulation models that describe the system of atmosphere, topography and sound waves in a consistent manner.
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