based on numerical calculations using laboratory data of physical material properties therefore aims at improving our understanding of the origins, evolutions, and current states of planets. In the case of the terrestrial planets and satellites within the solar system the resultant radial profiles of density and related material properties are required to be consistent with geophysical observations and cosmochemical evidence for the likely compositions of crust, mantle and core as obtained from measurements by interplanetary space probes. For terrestrial exoplanets, the numerical models have to be consistent with the observed planetary masses and radii measured from ground-based observations and space missions. Calculated models will be used to derive mass-radius relationships for exoplanets assuming a range of different mineralogical compositions to gain insight in the interior structure and possible bulk compositions of these planets. Furthermore, obtaining scaling laws for key physical and chemical properties will be essential for a better understanding of global planetary processes controlling the general evolution of a planetary body and its astrobiological potential to be life-sustaining.