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Human Spaceflight Missions
Human spaceflight missions
FSLP stands for "First Spacelab Payload". It was the first international flight of the Spacelab performed in 1983. FSLP was a multi-disciplinary mission covering the fields of materials and life science as well as earth observation, atmospheric physics, and technology.
D1 stands for the first Spacelab (SL) mission under German mission management and responsibility. The complete payload was controlled for the first time from outside the NASA centres by GSOC, acting as Payload Operation Control Centre (POCC). D1 was a multi-disciplinary mission with more than 70 experiments covering the fields of material- and life-sciences, navigation, communication and technology flown in 1985.
D-2 was the second Spacelab (SL) mission under German mission management in the year 1993. Payload co-ordination and control was performed from GSOC as a Payload Operation Control Centre (POCC).
MIR 92, 92E
DLR performed all tasks of in orbit payload operations and for astronaut employment during the flight of a German astronaut on-board of the Russian MIR-Station in 1992.
The first ESA mission on board the MIR station is carried out as a Columbus precursor mission for preparing Experimenters and the Ground Segment for the Columbus era. Under ESA contract DLR was responsible for procedure development support, crew training support, simulation support.
The second ESA mission on board the MIR station was the first long-term mission (179 days and extravehicular activities of the European astronaut) with a variety of experiments in the fields of Microgravity, Technology and Space Science and improved data transfer to the Experimenters.
Mir '97 was a German initiative funded by the German research ministery (BMBF) and managed by DARA-agency. A German astronaut stayed on board of the Mir space-station for 18 days. The mission objectives were the continuation of science programs from previous MIR missions with German and/or European participation, reusing already available on-board experiments as well as new experiments, and to exercise interfaces, which will be essential for the future use in the international space station.
The duration of the SRTM mission was 11 days. The orbit inclination with repect to the equator was 57°. With this inclination the shuttle could fly over all areas between 60° northern and 58° southern latitude.
CHAMP - CHAllenging Minisatellite Payload
CHAMP provides important contributions for geo-scientific research and information about the physics of the atmosphere.
AZUR was the first co-operative project between USA and Germany. The scientific objectives of this mission were to study the inner radiation belt, the auroral zones of the Northern Hemisphere, and the spectral variations of solar particles during solar flares.
AEROS was the first aeronomic mission, navigation in extreme low earth orbits.The scientific goal was the global measurement of the ionospheric-plasma and its dependency on the altitude, geographical reference locations, as well as daytime and change of the season dependencies.
HELIOS was the first US/German interplanetary mission. Launched in 1974 (HELIOS 1, 10 December 1974 - 15 March 1986) and 1976 (HELIOS 2, 15 January 1976 - 8 January 1981), the two German built (MBB) Helios probes approached the sun closer than the inner planet Mercury (0.3 AU) and closer than any spaceprobe ever.
Tri-lateral project (USA, UK and Germany) for studying the solar wind and initiating the first artificial comet. The AMPTE program consisted of three spacecraft.
Launched in 18 October 1989, the Galileo spacecraft arrived at Jupiter on 7 December 1995, when it fired its main engine for a successful orbit capture around Jupiter. It was designed to study the planet's atmosphere, satellites and surrounding magnetosphere.
ROSAT was a German-British-US X-ray astronomy project with the goal to perform the first complete all-sky survey of celestial X-ray sources.
On 15 January 1995 (13:45 UTC) the EXPRESS capsule was launched by an M-3 SII launch vehicle at Kagoshima Space Center, Japan, into a near-earth orbit.
EQUATOR-S was launched on December 2, 1997 into the Geostationary Transfer Orbit (200 km x 36000 km) on an Ariane 4 (44P).
Taking part in the Russian PRIRODA program, GSOC acted as remote Payload Operations Control Center (POCC).
Jointly proposed by Astrophysikalisches Institut Potsdam, Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik and Institut für Astronomie und Astrophysik der Uni Tübingen the ABRIXAS (A BRoad-band Imaging X-ray All-sky Survey) satellite was intended to scan the sky by means of an imaging telescope in medium energy X-ray domain.
Symphonie was a joint German-French telecommunications satellite programm. In June 1967, the governments of the French Republic and the Federal Republic of Germany signed an agreement on the definition, development, manufacture, launch and utilization of two experimental direct broadcasting telecommunications satellites as well as on the design and construction of two earth stations.
TV-Sat 1 & 2
After a successful positioning, problems with the deployment of one solar panel prevented the use of the Ku-Band Tx-antenna and subsequently any TV broadcast services.
DFS Kopernikus 1,2,3
DFS-1: Successful positioning of the satellite by means of the classical 3-impulse method into its planned position of 23.5°.
EUTELSAT II (F1,F2,F3,F4,F5,F6)
The second generation of EUTELSAT's trans-European network for fixed and mobile communications was served by upto six medium power satellites.
EUTELSAT W (W2,W3,W4,W1R,HB6,W5)
DLR's satellite control center GSOC was awarded a contract by the EUTELSAT organization to perform the positioning of the W satellites.
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