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Human Spaceflight Missions
CHAMP - CHAllenging Minisatellite Payload
CHAMP provides important contributions for geo-scientific research and information about the physics of the atmosphere.
AZUR was the first co-operative project between USA and Germany. The scientific objectives of this mission were to study the inner radiation belt, the auroral zones of the Northern Hemisphere, and the spectral variations of solar particles during solar flares.
AEROS was the first aeronomic mission, navigation in extreme low earth orbits.The scientific goal was the global measurement of the ionospheric-plasma and its dependency on the altitude, geographical reference locations, as well as daytime and change of the season dependencies.
HELIOS was the first US/German interplanetary mission. Launched in 1974 (HELIOS 1, 10 December 1974 - 15 March 1986) and 1976 (HELIOS 2, 15 January 1976 - 8 January 1981), the two German built (MBB) Helios probes approached the sun closer than the inner planet Mercury (0.3 AU) and closer than any spaceprobe ever.
Tri-lateral project (USA, UK and Germany) for studying the solar wind and initiating the first artificial comet. The AMPTE program consisted of three spacecraft.
Launched in 18 October 1989, the Galileo spacecraft arrived at Jupiter on 7 December 1995, when it fired its main engine for a successful orbit capture around Jupiter. It was designed to study the planet's atmosphere, satellites and surrounding magnetosphere.
ROSAT was a German-British-US X-ray astronomy project with the goal to perform the first complete all-sky survey of celestial X-ray sources.
On 15 January 1995 (13:45 UTC) the EXPRESS capsule was launched by an M-3 SII launch vehicle at Kagoshima Space Center, Japan, into a near-earth orbit.
EQUATOR-S was launched on December 2, 1997 into the Geostationary Transfer Orbit (200 km x 36000 km) on an Ariane 4 (44P).
Taking part in the Russian PRIRODA program, GSOC acted as remote Payload Operations Control Center (POCC).
Jointly proposed by Astrophysikalisches Institut Potsdam, Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik and Institut für Astronomie und Astrophysik der Uni Tübingen the ABRIXAS (A BRoad-band Imaging X-ray All-sky Survey) satellite was intended to scan the sky by means of an imaging telescope in medium energy X-ray domain.
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