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The International Charter 'Space and Major Disasters'
The International Charter on Space and Major Disasters is an international consortium of space agencies. In the event of a natural disaster or a major technical incident, the consortium rapidly and efficiently provides national disaster management authorities and relief organisations with data from Earth observation satellites. DLR joined the Charter in October 2010.
EUMETSAT, the European Organization for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites, operates the METEOSAT and METOP weather satellites that are currently operated in geostationary and polar orbits. In the long run, EUMETSAT is destined to become Europe's central organization for weather, climate and environmental monitoring from outer space.
GMES (Global Monitoring for Environment and Security) is a global environment and security monitoring initiative of the European Commission and the European Space Agency (ESA). It aims to employ European cooperation to create a shared, autonomous, permanently available, cost-efficient and user-friendly observation system for decision-makers.
GEO - "Group on Earth Observations"
In the wake of the resolutions taken at the Evian G8 summit of June 2003 on measures to improve international cooperation in the field of Earth observation, the first "Earth Observation Summit" took place in Washington on 31 June, 2003. High-level representatives of more than 30 countries had followed the invitation of the US government to discuss a world-wide coordination of Earth observation systems.
With its "Living Planet" earth observation program the European Space Agency keeps track of global environmental change. Basis of the program is a series of special type of satellites called Earth Explorers used by ESA to monitor the environment, climate and overall status of the system Earth.
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