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Utilisation of Earth observation data
Earth observation satellites monitor our planet’s climate and the environment. They assist us in predicting the weather and enable us to map the Earth's surface accurately. Within hours after a natural disaster, their images provide important information for relief and rescue operations.
Atmosphere and climate
Satellite-based Earth observation permits monitoring the atmosphere on a large scale. The readings obtained include physical parameters such as pressure, temperature, and cloud movements as well as the composition of the air with regard to aerosol concentrations, trace substances, and greenhouse gases.
Agriculture and food
With global population figures steadily in the rise, there are increasing calls for the use of arable land to be managed in an ecologically sustainable way while also producing a high yield.
Forests and forestry
Earth observation is particularly effective in the management and monitoring of forests. It provides information about the condition, the wood reserves, and the biodiversity of large areas of natural and managed forests.
Monitoring nature and the environment
Earth observation allows us to monitor our environment globally and continuously. The extensive body of information supplied by the various Earth observation missions permits identifying short and long-term changes in ecosystems and assessing the condition of arable land, forests as well as protected areas.
Commercial activities and resource management
Next to agriculture and forestry, Earth observation supports numerous other sectors of the economy. Measuring and predicting wind velocities and solar irradiation, for example, supplies important data that might support the use of renewable energies.
Disaster and crisis management
After a natural disaster or major industrial accident, Earth observation may make important contributions to emergency relief in the form of reconnaissance data and up-to-date geographical information on the situation in the disaster area.
Development and validation of methods
Even today, satellite-based Earth observation has produced a variety of application-oriented services and products for the benefit of scientific research and business. That said, with sensor and satellite technology continuously being developed further, the number of Earth observation missions and the resultant volume of data is growing continuously.
Scientific data portals and training
The data recorded by German Earth observation satellites are available to scientists and students all over the world. Information supplied by, for instance, TerraSAR-X and Tandem-X may be retrieved for research purposes through various data portals.
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