Medical Assistance Systems

MIROs at table
Exemplary setup of the MiroSurge system: The MIRO guiding the endoscope (left) and the two MIROs with MICA instruments (right) can be attached directly to the surgical table.

In the key research area of Medical Assistance Systems, findings in space and service robotics are reinterpreted and transferred to the field of medicine. Core technologies like efficient drives, mechatronics, telerobotics, sensors and planning systems are relevant to space applications as well as to technical systems in medicine. These technologies are researched and applied to the two main topics: medical robotics and active implants.

Currently the research efforts focus on the development of the MiroSurge telerobotic system for minimally invasive surgery:

  • MIRO: robot arm for a variety of surgical applications
  • MICA: minimally invasive instrument with force-torque-sensing capabilities for robot- assisted surgery
  • Telepresence concepts with force-feedback
  • Planning systems for the efficient use of robotic systems in the operating room
  • Simulation systems for the design of new surgical workflows and instruments, as well as for surgical training
  • Ultrasound and force feedback based tissue exploration
  • Image processing for tissue and instrument localization as well as for motion compensation

From 2002 to 2004 the DLR Heart was designed, a fully implantable biventricular assist device for the long-term support of patients with severe cardiac insufficiency.

A wireless energy- and data transmission system was developed to power the DLR Heart without the need of drivelines. The wireless transmission technology improves patient’s mobility and reduces the risk of infections.

Florian Fröhlich
German Aerospace Center

Institute of Robotics and Mechatronics
, Perception and Cognition
Tel: +49 8153 28-2450

Fax: +49 8153 28-1134

Sophie Lantermann
German Aerospace Center

Institute of Robotics and Mechatronics
, Mechatronic Components and Systems
Tel: +49 8153 28-2122

Fax: +49 8153 28-1134

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