Copyright: DLR/Markus Steur
Commercial transport lifeline
Commercial transport in Germany is growing rapidly. Day after day, 80 million people require extensive freight transport and business journeys. Furthermore, there are 4 million businesses in this country that are dependent on an efficient transport infrastructure.
Almost a third of all the kilometers covered on Germany’s roads can today be attributed to commercial transport. This proportion is even more highly pronounced on rail and waterways. The growth trend, among other factors, can be ascribed to globalization and new developments in logistics. It also leads, however, to problems such as increased noise pollution and engine emissions.
To be able to understand the developments in commercial transport, our department performs the most varied tasks: from pure fundamental research to large-scale analysis, to individual case studies. Moreover, we develop measures to improve the cost effectiveness and quality of transport and reduce its negative impact on people and the environment.
Long-distance and urban transport have different characteristics, and they require specialized research approaches. At the same time, there are many links between them – between urban and nationwide traffic, for example, or between passenger and freight transport. In researching such interrelationships, we are able to build on the experience of our "Passenger Transport" and "Mobility and Urban Development" departments, with whom we cooperate closely. Working together with other DLR institutes, moreover, enables more extensive studies, for instance on the interactions with air traffic.
Our department’s particular strength is its diversity. Our team is interdisciplinary, our mix of methods ranges from empirical studies to spatial analyses, to mathematical models, to scenario and forecasting techniques.