Anke Kaysser-Pyzalla studied mechanical engineering and materials science in Bochum and Darmstadt. She completed her doctorate and qualified as a university lecturer at Ruhr University in Bochum. Following research activities at the Hahn-Meitner-Institute (HMI) and the Technical University of Berlin, she conducted research and taught as a university professor at the Vienna University of Technology from 2003 to 2005. In 2005, she joined the management team at the Max-Planck-Institut für Eisenforschung GmbH in Dusseldorf as Scientific Member, Director and then Managing Director. In 2008, she was appointed Scientific Director of the Helmholtz Centre for Materials and Energy in Berlin (Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin für Materialien und Energie GmbH), which was created under her leadership through the merger of HMI and the Berlin Electron Storage Ring Society for Synchrotron Radiation (BESSY). In 2017, Anke Kaysser-Pyzalla was elected President of TU Braunschweig, a post she held until the DLR Senate unanimously appointed her as the new Chair of the Executive Board in March 2020.