6. November 2019
Space science for sustainable development – experts discuss opportunities at an international conference in Bonn

How can Africa make bet­ter use of space ap­pli­ca­tions?

News / Space
Wüstenbildung Algerien
De­ser­ti­fi­ca­tion in Al­ge­ria record­ed by the Coper­ni­cus Sen­tinel pro­gramme satel­lites
Image 1/4, Credit: Copernicus Sentinel data (2015)/ESA

Desertification in Algeria recorded by the Copernicus Sentinel programme satellites

How can African coun­tries make bet­ter use of space ap­pli­ca­tions? This is the top­ic of a joint in­ter­na­tion­al con­fer­ence or­gan­ised by the UN, DLR and the Uni­ver­si­ty of Bonn; it is be­ing held be­tween 6 and 8 Novem­ber 2019 in Bonn. The im­age shows de­ser­ti­fi­ca­tion in Al­ge­ria; it was ac­quired by an Earth ob­ser­va­tion satel­lite.
UN-Konferenz am 6. Novmeber 2019 in Bonn
Around 120 par­tic­i­pants are at­tend­ing the UN Con­fer­ence in Bonn be­tween 6 and 8 Novem­ber 2019
Image 2/4, Credit: DLR (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)

Around 120 participants are attending the UN Conference in Bonn between 6 and 8 November 2019

On 6 Novem­ber 2019 ap­prox­i­mate­ly 120 par­tic­i­pants at­tend­ed the open­ing of the UN-SPI­DER In­ter­na­tion­al Con­fer­ence in Bonn. The event was or­gan­ised for the first time this year in co­op­er­a­tion with the Cen­ter for Re­mote Sens­ing of Land Sur­faces (Zen­trum für Fern­erkun­dung der Lan­dober­fläche; ZFL) and DLR.
Opening Speech at the UN-SPIDER Bonn International Conference
Open­ing Speech at the UN-SPI­DER Bonn In­ter­na­tion­al Con­fer­ence
Image 3/4, Credit: DLR (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)

Opening Speech at the UN-SPIDER Bonn International Conference

Gerd Kraft, Di­rec­tor of Space Pro­grams at the DLR Space Ad­min­is­tra­tion, opened the in­ter­na­tion­al UN con­fer­ence ‘Space-based So­lu­tions for Dis­as­ter Man­age­ment in Africa: Chal­lenges, Ap­pli­ca­tions, Part­ner­ships’ in Bonn.
Projektmanagement-Training International Charter
Project man­age­ment train­ing for the In­ter­na­tion­al Char­ter ‘Space and Ma­jor Dis­as­ters’
Image 4/4, Credit: UNOOSA

Project management training for the International Charter ‘Space and Major Disasters’

On 5 Novem­ber 2019, the UN Of­fice for Out­er Space Af­fairs (UN­OOSA) host­ed a project man­ag­er train­ing ses­sion ad­dress­ing the In­ter­na­tion­al Char­ter ‘Space and Ma­jor Dis­as­ters’.
  • Natural disasters such as droughts and flooding cause immense damage worldwide and affect the African continent particularly severely. From 6 to 8 November 2019 an international conference in Bonn is addressing how space science can provide long-term assistance in this area.
  • Focus on interdisciplinary and mutual information exchange
  • Technological, humanitarian and institutional issues on the agenda
  • Focus: Earth observation, crisis and disaster relief, international cooperation

'Space-based Solutions for Disaster Management in Africa: Challenges, Applications, Partnerships' is the title of the first conference focusing on 'Space applications in Africa'. It has been organised by the United Nations, the University of Bonn and the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR). Approximately 100 participants have convened on the UN Campus in Bonn for the conference, which is taking place from 6 to 8 November 2019. It is being hosted by the United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs, (UNOOSA), in particular the United Nations Platform for SPace-based Information for Disaster Management and Emergency Response (UN-SPIDER), the Center for Remote Sensing of Land Surfaces (Zentrum für Fernerkundung der Landoberfläche; ZFL) at the University of Bonn and DLR.

"We are convinced that modern Earth observation systems in particular and space technologies in general can and should play a far more significant role in international development cooperation. The excellent quality and rapid availability of Earth observation data is now enabling ever better and more targeted support and assistance in coping with crises and natural disasters. Africa can benefit greatly from these services. In addition, more and more African countries are becoming involved in space research," explains Walther Pelzer, a Member of the DLR Executive Board responsible for the Space Administration, which is based in Bonn. For example, in 2016, Ethiopia founded its own Space Science and Technology Institute, and national space agencies exist in a number of countries, including South Africa, Nigeria, Kenya and Zimbabwe.

"UN-SPIDER supports countries in strengthening their capacities to make effective use of space-based information for disaster management," adds Juan Carlos Villagran of UNOOSA. "To encourage an exchange between providers and users in Africa, we are bringing together the space and disaster management communities at this international conference."

Tidiane Ouattara, Space Expert with the African Union Commission and Programme Coordinator for Global Monitoring for Environment and Security (GMES) and Africa, stresses that “Natural and man-made disasters cause tremendous damage to societies around the world. Developing countries are particularly susceptible to the impact of natural hazards. In its 2016 African Space Policy and Strategy, the African Union Commission outlines that space represents a unique opportunity for cooperation by using and sharing enabling infrastructure, data and knowledge towards the proactive management of responses to natural hazards and disasters, amongst other fields." It highlights Africa's interest in improving and implementing space-related activities, such as Earth observation, satellite communications, navigation and positioning, and astronomy and space science, to be able to independently conduct these activities in the future. "Particularly for environmental and socioeconomic sustainable development purposes, Earth observation is a field of excellence in Europe," continues Tidiane Ouattara. Therefore, there is a great opportunity for Europe to support Africa in the use of Earth observation for the implementation of their Agenda 2063.

In addition to specific application examples and technical sessions, the agenda for the three-day conference includes exchanges relating to innovative technologies such as access to and use of data platforms, the way in which artificial intelligence contributes towards the use of satellite-based information and the identification of specific space requirements from an African perspective. It is also examining the issue of how international agreements can contribute to disaster risk mitigation and effectively countering climate change, and the role of space in these areas. The participants are decision-makers from national authorities and space agencies, remote sensing data centres, civil protection, disaster relief, the environmental sector, the space industry, DLR, the UN, ESA and the EU. As well as offering the opportunity to exchange information, the conference provides a framework for discussing specific projects and needs.

A project manager training session was held the day before the conference, addressing the International Charter 'Space and Major Disasters'.

  • Elisabeth Mittelbach
    Ger­man Aerospace Cen­ter (DLR)
    Com­mu­ni­ca­tions, Ger­man Space Agen­cy at DLR
    Telephone: +49 228 447-385
    Fax: +49 228 447-386
    Königswinterer Str. 522-524
    53227 Bonn
  • Silke Hüttemann
    Ger­man Aerospace Cen­ter (DLR)
    Ger­man Space Agen­cy at DLR
    UN Af­fairs
    Telephone: +49 228 447-378
    Königswinterer Straße 522-524
    53227 Bonn

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