Tests of a technology demonstrator
In­tro­duc­tion to LOX / methane tech­nol­o­gy
Image 1/5, Credit: Airbus Safran Launchers.

Introduction to LOX / methane technology

A fu­el com­bi­na­tion com­pris­ing methane and liq­uid oxy­gen has an aus­pi­cious role to play in the de­vel­op­ment of new liq­uid rock­et fu­els for space. Al­ready in 2016, ex­ten­sive tests of a tech­nol­o­gy demon­stra­tor took place at the DLR Lam­pold­shausen in co­op­er­a­tion with Air­bus Safran Launch­ers. The LOX / methane tech­nol­o­gy is char­ac­terised by its re-us­abil­i­ty and is more cost-ef­fec­tive than con­ven­tion­al en­gine tech­nolo­gies.
Ariane 5 ECA Vulcain 2 engine
Vul­cain 2
Image 2/5, Credit: DLR (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)

Vulcain 2

In May 2004 the Ar­i­ane 5 ECA Vul­cain 2 en­gine un­der­went tests at DLR's test fa­cil­i­ties at Lam­pold­shausen in Ger­many.
Altitude simulation test rig P4.1
Al­ti­tude sim­u­la­tion test rig P4.1
Image 3/5, Credit: DLR (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)

Altitude simulation test rig P4.1

The al­ti­tude sim­u­la­tion test rig P4.1, a com­plex sys­tem for test­ing the Vin­ci cryo­genic restartable up­per stage en­gine. En­gi­neers at the DLR In­sti­tute of Space Propul­sion have al­ready demon­strat­ed their skills in the field of en­gine test­ing un­der dif­fer­ent al­ti­tude con­di­tions dur­ing suc­cess­ful test cam­paigns con­duct­ed be­tween 2005 and 2008.
Students perform an experiment
DLR_School_Lab Lam­pold­shausen
Image 4/5, Credit: DLR (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)

DLR_School_Lab Lampoldshausen

DLR_School_Lab Lam­pold­shausen
Aerodynanic model tests of advanced jets
Aero­dy­nan­ic mod­el tests of ad­vanced jets
Image 5/5, Credit: DLR (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)

Aerodynanic model tests of advanced jets

Aero­dy­nan­ic mod­el tests of ad­vanced jets

The DLR site at Lampoldshausen, which employs some 230 staff, was founded in 1959 by space pioneer Professor Eugen Sänger to act as a test site for liquid rocket engines. The site went into operation in 1962.

In January 2002 the DLR facility at Lampoldshausen, which is home to all research activities and experiments relating to rocket test beds, was officially named the Institute of Space Propulsion.
The Institute's ongoing research work focuses on fundamental research into the combustion processes in liquid rocket engines and air-breathing engines for future space transport systems. The Institute is also concerned with the use of ceramic fibre materials in rocket combustion chambers and the development and application of laser measurement processes for high-temperature gas flows. One of DLR's key roles in Lampoldshausen is to plan, build and operate test beds for space propulsion systems on behalf of the European Space Agency (ESA) and in collaboration with the European space industry. DLR has built up a level of expertise in the development and operation of altitude simulation systems for upper-stage propulsion systems that is unique in Europe.

As part of the Ariane 5 Plus programme, for example (a joint programme operated by ESA and the French space research agency CNES), DLR Lampoldshausen was tasked with building the P4.1 altitude simulation test bed. Lampoldshausen was also responsible for performing development tests on the future upper-stage propulsion system VINCI.

In November 2000 the Technology Transfer Centre (TTZ) was founded by the German Aerospace Center (DLR), regional business development agencies, the Heilbronn Chamber of Industry and Commerce, the Heilbronn Chamber of Trade and the district of Hardthausen. The aim of the new centre was to exploit the expertise in various disciplines available from DLR in Lampoldshausen to help companies locate and develop in the area.

Key areas of research

  • Development of altitude simulation systems for rocket test beds
  • Development of propulsion supply systems
  • Development of exhaust control systems and research into the reduction of noise pollution caused by exhaust jets
  • Research into supersonic nozzle, diffuser and ejector technology
  • Development of sub-systems for the integration of special measurement technology
  • Planning, application and also some development of optical measurement technology and components
  • Identification of heat transfer and ignition processes using CFD simulations
  • The nozzles section carries out fundamental research into supersonic flows
  • Propulsion tests

Institutes and establishments at the site

  • Dr. Anke Kovar
    Ger­man Aerospace Cen­ter (DLR)

    Site Man­age­ment Stuttgart and Lam­pold­shausen
    Telephone: +49 711 6862-311
    Fax: +49 711 6862-636
    Pfaffenwaldring 38-40
    70569 Stuttgart
  • Anja Kaboth
    Cor­po­rate Com­mu­ni­ca­tions Lam­pold­shausen
    Ger­man Aerospace Cen­ter (DLR)

    Pub­lic Af­fairs and Com­mu­ni­ca­tions
    Telephone: +49 6298 28-201
    Fax: +49 6298 28-112
    Im Langen Grund
    74239 Hardthausen

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