The MARE space ra­di­a­tion ex­per­i­ment

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MARE lo­go

February 9, 2022  MARE lo­go.


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Image 1/35, Credit: DLR
The ‘crew’ of the Artemis 1 mission to the Moon

The ‘crew’ of the Artemis 1 mis­sion to the Moon

February 9, 2022  The two ‘phan­toms’ of the Ma­trosh­ka As­tro­Rad Ra­di­a­tion Ex­per­i­ment (MARE), which will fly to the Moon on NASA's first Artemis I mis­sion, oc­cu­py two of pas­sen­ger seats (Seat #3 and Seat #4) in the Ori­on cap­sule.


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Image 2/35, Credit: NASA/Lockheed Martin/DLR
The radiation measuring manikin Helga in individual parts

The ra­di­a­tion mea­sur­ing manikin Hel­ga in in­di­vid­u­al parts

February 9, 2022  The Ma­trosh­ka As­tro­Rad Ra­di­a­tion Ex­per­i­ment (MARE) will fly to the Moon on NASA's Artemis I mis­sion. The ex­per­i­ment will in­ves­ti­gate ra­di­a­tion ex­po­sure through­out the en­tire flight to Earth’s nat­u­ral satel­lite us­ing two iden­ti­cal ‘phan­toms’. Each of the man­nequins con­sists of 38 discs, mea­sures 95 cen­time­tres and con­tains or­gans and bones made of plas­tic of vary­ing den­si­ty. More than 6000 pas­sive dosime­ters con­sist­ing of small crys­tals are in­stalled at these lo­ca­tions and on the sur­face. In ad­di­tion, 16 ac­tive de­tec­tors are in­te­grat­ed in­to the most ra­di­a­tion-sen­si­tive or­gans of the body – lungs, stom­ach, uterus and bone mar­row.


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Image 3/35, Credit: DLR (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)
Helga being mounted on base structure

Hel­ga be­ing mount­ed on base struc­ture

November 23, 2018  Bar­tos Przy­by­la (left) and MARE-Prin­ci­pal In­ves­ti­ga­tor Thomas Berg­er (right) place Hel­ga on the first pro­to­type of its base struc­ture, which will then be used to in­stall it in NASA's Ori­on space­craft.


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Image 4/35, Credit: © DLR. All rights reserved
Attaching the active radiation measurement equipment on DLR phantom Helga

At­tach­ing the ac­tive ra­di­a­tion mea­sure­ment equip­ment on DLR phan­tom Hel­ga

November 19, 2018  DLR MARE sci­en­tists Karel Marsalek (left), Bar­tos Przy­by­la (cen­tre) and Prin­ci­pal In­ves­ti­ga­tor Thomas Berg­er (right) at­tach one of the DLR-de­vel­oped ac­tive ra­di­a­tion mea­sure­ment de­vices de­vel­oped by DLR to Hel­ga in prepa­ra­tion for the vi­bra­tion test at the DLR site in Bre­men.


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Image 5/35, Credit: © DLR
MARE phantom Helga undergoing vibration testing at DLR Bremen

MARE phan­tom Hel­ga un­der­go­ing vi­bra­tion test­ing at DLR Bre­men

November 23, 2018  Hel­ga on the vi­bra­tion ta­ble at DLR Bre­men with re­searcher Joachim Aeck­er­lein.


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Image 6/35, Credit: DLR (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)
Helga during the second vibration test

Hel­ga dur­ing the sec­ond vi­bra­tion test

February 9, 2022  The Ma­trosh­ka As­tro­Rad Ra­di­a­tion Ex­per­i­ment (MARE) will fly to the Moon on NASA's Artemis I mis­sion. The ex­per­i­ment will in­ves­ti­gate ra­di­a­tion ex­po­sure through­out the en­tire flight to Earth’s nat­u­ral satel­lite us­ing two iden­ti­cal ‘phan­toms’. Sev­er­al vi­bra­tion tests were car­ried out be­fore the start of the mis­sion, in­clud­ing this sec­ond one which was car­ried out with the en­gi­neer­ing qual­i­fi­ca­tion mod­els (EQM) Hel­ga and Zo­har at the DLR In­sti­tute of Space Sys­tems in Bre­men. This test sim­u­lat­ed the ac­cel­er­a­tion val­ues to which the two man­nequins will be ex­posed dur­ing the launch of Artemis I.


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Image 7/35, Credit: DLR (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)
Zohar during the second vibration test

Zo­har dur­ing the sec­ond vi­bra­tion test

February 9, 2022  The Ma­trosh­ka As­tro­Rad Ra­di­a­tion Ex­per­i­ment (MARE) will fly to the Moon on NASA's Artemis I mis­sion. The ex­per­i­ment will in­ves­ti­gate ra­di­a­tion ex­po­sure through­out the en­tire flight to Earth’s nat­u­ral satel­lite us­ing two iden­ti­cal ‘phan­toms’. Sev­er­al vi­bra­tion tests were car­ried out be­fore the start of the mis­sion, in­clud­ing this sec­ond one which was car­ried out with the en­gi­neer­ing qual­i­fi­ca­tion mod­els (EQM) Hel­ga and Zo­har at the DLR In­sti­tute of Space Sys­tems in Bre­men. This test sim­u­lat­ed the ac­cel­er­a­tion val­ues to which the two man­nequins will be sub­ject­ed dur­ing the launch of Artemis I.


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Image 8/35, Credit: DLR (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)
Assembly of Helga

As­sem­bly of Hel­ga

November 19, 2018  The DLR phan­tom Hel­ga is made up of 38 lay­ers with ap­prox­i­mate­ly 1400 lo­ca­tions for ra­di­a­tion de­tec­tors.


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Image 9/35, Credit: DLR (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)
DLR phantom Helga

DLR phan­tom Hel­ga

November 23, 2018  For MARE, the DLR phan­tom Hel­ga will fly to the Moon and back with her ‘twin sis­ter’ Zo­har in NASA's Ori­on space­craft to mea­sure ra­di­a­tion and eval­u­ate the As­tro­Rad ra­di­a­tion pro­tec­tion vest.


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Image 10/35, Credit: © DLR. All rights reserved
Orion at Kennedy Space Center

Ori­on at Kennedy Space Cen­ter

June 9, 2021  When the Unit­ed States sends its first, ini­tial­ly un­manned Ori­on space­craft in­to or­bit around Earth's nat­u­ral satel­lite in spring 2022 in prepa­ra­tion for fu­ture as­tro­nau­ti­cal mis­sions, it will be pow­ered by Ger­man tech­nol­o­gy. Ori­on is cur­rent­ly be­ing pre­pared for its first voy­age with this propul­sion and sup­ply unit – the so-called Eu­ro­pean Ser­vice Mod­ule (ESM) – at Kennedy Space Cen­ter in Flori­da.


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Image 11/35, Credit: NASA/Radislav Sinyak
Helga's structure

Hel­ga's struc­ture

November 19, 2018  Bar­tos Przy­by­la (left) and MARE PI Thomas Berg­er (right) mount­ing Hel­ga's head.


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Image 12/35, Credit: © DLR
Replica phantom lifted above the Orion capsule by a crane

Repli­ca phan­tom lift­ed above the Ori­on cap­sule by a crane

December 19, 2019  For the fit check, the phan­toms were moved to the Ori­on cap­sule by a crane. The check took place at NASA’s John­son Space Cen­ter.


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Image 13/35, Credit: ©DLR
Replica phantom during the seat test in the Orion capsule

Repli­ca phan­tom dur­ing the seat test in the Ori­on cap­sule

December 20, 2019  Us­ing repli­ca phan­toms, iden­ti­cal in size and weight to the phan­toms Hel­ga and Zo­har that will fly to the Moon, in­stal­la­tion in the Ori­on space­craft was re­hearsed at NASA’s John­son Space Cen­ter.


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Image 14/35, Credit: © DLR. All rights reserved
DLR radiation biologist Dr Thomas Berger with the dummies in the Orion capsule

DLR ra­di­a­tion bi­ol­o­gist Dr Thomas Berg­er with the dum­mies in the Ori­on cap­sule

February 11, 2022  Dum­mies iden­ti­cal in size and weight to the phan­toms Hel­ga and Zo­har, which will fly to the Moon and back, were used to re­hearse their in­stal­la­tion in the Ori­on space­craft. As part of this ‘fit check’, which is car­ried out for all ex­per­i­ments fly­ing as part of NASA's Artemis I mis­sion, it was pos­si­ble for the first time to ver­i­fy and test how Hel­ga and Zo­har will lat­er be in­stalled in the Ori­on space­craft by NASA col­leagues at the Kennedy Space Cen­ter (KSC) in Flori­da. This test was suc­cess­ful­ly com­plet­ed in Oc­to­ber 2019 in Build­ing 9 at NASA's John­son Space Cen­ter in Hous­ton, USA.  


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Image 15/35, Credit: © DLR. All rights reserved
Test sitting in the space capsule

Test sit­ting in the space cap­sule

February 11, 2022  Dum­mies iden­ti­cal in size and weight to the phan­toms Hel­ga and Zo­har, which will fly to the Moon and back, were used to re­hearse their in­stal­la­tion in the Ori­on space­craft. As part of this ‘fit check’, which is car­ried out for all ex­per­i­ments fly­ing as part of NASA's Artemis I mis­sion, it was pos­si­ble for the first time to ver­i­fy and test how Hel­ga and Zo­har will lat­er be in­stalled in the Ori­on space­craft by NASA col­leagues at the Kennedy Space Cen­ter (KSC) in Flori­da. This test was suc­cess­ful­ly com­plet­ed in Oc­to­ber 2019 in Build­ing 9 at NASA's John­son Space Cen­ter in Hous­ton, USA.  


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Image 16/35, Credit: DLR (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)
Orion capsule

Ori­on cap­sule

December 20, 2019  Next to the Ori­on space­craft, screens show cam­era im­ages from in­side the cap­sule.


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Image 17/35, Credit: ©DLR
On the way to the moon

On the way to the moon

January 5, 2021  The Ori­on space­craft will or­bit the Moon sev­er­al times be­fore re­turn­ing to Earth.


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Image 18/35, Credit: ©NASA, composition image: DLR
NASA's Artemis I mission

NASA's Artemis I mis­sion

November 28, 2018  The first mis­sion for NASA’s Ori­on will send the space­craft be­yond the Moon and back. Artemis I will be un­crewed


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Image 19/35, Credit: NASA
Final vibration test for Helga

Fi­nal vi­bra­tion test for Hel­ga

February 11, 2022  At the end of Au­gust 2021, the fi­nal vi­bra­tion test was car­ried out with the Hel­ga and Zo­har flight mod­els (FM) at the DLR In­sti­tute of Space Sys­tems in Bre­men. This test sim­u­lat­ed the ac­cel­er­a­tion to which the two ra­di­a­tion mea­sure­ment man­nequins will be ex­posed dur­ing the launch of the Artemis I mis­sion. The fi­nal test was suc­cess­ful. They are now ready for in­stal­la­tion in the Ori­on space­craft, which will take them to the Moon and back.


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Image 20/35, Credit: DLR (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)
Final vibration test for Zohar

Fi­nal vi­bra­tion test for Zo­har

February 11, 2022  At the end of Au­gust 2021, the fi­nal vi­bra­tion test was car­ried out with the Hel­ga and Zo­har flight mod­els (FM) at the DLR In­sti­tute of Space Sys­tems in Bre­men. This test sim­u­lat­ed the ac­cel­er­a­tion to which the two ra­di­a­tion mea­sure­ment man­nequins will be ex­posed dur­ing the launch of the Artemis I mis­sion. The fi­nal test was suc­cess­ful. They are now ready for in­stal­la­tion in the Ori­on space­craft, which will take them to the Moon and back.


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Image 21/35, Credit: DLR (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)
Assembling the Helga mannequin

As­sem­bling the Hel­ga man­nequin

February 9, 2022  For the MARE ex­per­i­ment, the ra­di­a­tion mea­sur­ing man­nequin Hel­ga will fly with its ‘twin sis­ter’ Zo­har to the Moon and back for ra­di­a­tion mea­sure­ment and eval­u­a­tion of the As­tro­Rad ra­di­a­tion pro­tec­tion vest on board NASA's Ori­on space­craft. The two dum­mies, called phan­toms, each con­sist of 38 discs and are 95 cen­time­tres tall. In­side them are or­gans and bones made of plas­tic of vary­ing den­si­ty. There and on the sur­face, each phan­tom has over 6000 pas­sive ra­di­a­tion de­tec­tors com­pris­ing small crys­tals and a to­tal of 16 ac­tive de­tec­tors (M-42) from DLR in­stalled on the body's most ra­di­a­tion-sen­si­tive or­gans – lungs, stom­ach, uterus and bone mar­row.


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Image 22/35, Credit: © DLR. All rights reserved
Assembling the Helga mannequin

As­sem­bling the Hel­ga man­nequin

February 9, 2022  For the MARE ex­per­i­ment, the ra­di­a­tion mea­sur­ing man­nequin Hel­ga will fly with its ‘twin sis­ter’ Zo­har to the Moon and back for ra­di­a­tion mea­sure­ment and eval­u­a­tion of the As­tro­Rad ra­di­a­tion pro­tec­tion vest on board NASA's Ori­on space­craft. The two dum­mies, called phan­toms, each con­sist of 38 discs and are 95 cen­time­tres tall. In­side them are or­gans and bones made of plas­tic of vary­ing den­si­ty. There and on the sur­face, each phan­tom has over 6000 pas­sive ra­di­a­tion de­tec­tors com­pris­ing small crys­tals and a to­tal of 16 ac­tive de­tec­tors (M-42) from DLR in­stalled on the body's most ra­di­a­tion-sen­si­tive or­gans – lungs, stom­ach, uterus and bone mar­row.


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Image 23/35, Credit: © DLR. All rights reserved
Assembling the Helga mannequin

As­sem­bling the Hel­ga man­nequin

February 9, 2022  For the MARE ex­per­i­ment, the ra­di­a­tion mea­sur­ing man­nequin Hel­ga will fly with its ‘twin sis­ter’ Zo­har to the Moon and back for ra­di­a­tion mea­sure­ment and eval­u­a­tion of the As­tro­Rad ra­di­a­tion pro­tec­tion vest on board NASA's Ori­on space­craft. The two dum­mies, called phan­toms, each con­sist of 38 discs and are 95 cen­time­tres tall. In­side them are or­gans and bones made of plas­tic of vary­ing den­si­ty. There and on the sur­face, each phan­tom has over 6000 pas­sive ra­di­a­tion de­tec­tors com­pris­ing small crys­tals and a to­tal of 16 ac­tive de­tec­tors (M-42) from DLR in­stalled on the body's most ra­di­a­tion-sen­si­tive or­gans – lungs, stom­ach, uterus and bone mar­row.


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Image 24/35, Credit: © DLR. All rights reserved
Measuring mannequin Helga

Mea­sur­ing man­nequin Hel­ga

February 9, 2022  For the MARE ex­per­i­ment, the ra­di­a­tion mea­sur­ing man­nequin Hel­ga will fly with its ‘twin sis­ter’ Zo­har to the Moon and back for ra­di­a­tion mea­sure­ment and eval­u­a­tion of the As­tro­Rad ra­di­a­tion pro­tec­tion vest on board NASA's Ori­on space­craft. The two dum­mies, called phan­toms, each con­sist of 38 discs and are 95 cen­time­tres tall. In­side them are or­gans and bones made of plas­tic of vary­ing den­si­ty. There and on the sur­face, each phan­tom has over 6000 pas­sive ra­di­a­tion de­tec­tors com­pris­ing small crys­tals and a to­tal of 16 ac­tive de­tec­tors (M-42) from DLR in­stalled on the body's most ra­di­a­tion-sen­si­tive or­gans – lungs, stom­ach, uterus and bone mar­row.


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Image 25/35, Credit: DLR (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)
Assembly of the measuring manikin Helga

As­sem­bly of the mea­sur­ing manikin Hel­ga

February 9, 2022  For the MARE ex­per­i­ment, the ra­di­a­tion mea­sur­ing man­nequin Hel­ga will fly with its ‘twin sis­ter’ Zo­har to the Moon and back for ra­di­a­tion mea­sure­ment and eval­u­a­tion of the As­tro­Rad ra­di­a­tion pro­tec­tion vest on board NASA's Ori­on space­craft. The two dum­mies, called phan­toms, each con­sist of 38 discs and are 95 cen­time­tres tall. In­side them are or­gans and bones made of plas­tic of vary­ing den­si­ty. There and on the sur­face, each phan­tom has over 6000 pas­sive ra­di­a­tion de­tec­tors com­pris­ing small crys­tals and a to­tal of 16 ac­tive de­tec­tors (M-42) from DLR in­stalled on the body's most ra­di­a­tion-sen­si­tive or­gans – lungs, stom­ach, uterus and bone mar­row.


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Image 26/35, Credit: DLR (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)
Assembly of the measuring manikin Zohar

As­sem­bly of the mea­sur­ing manikin Zo­har

February 9, 2022  For the MARE ex­per­i­ment, the ra­di­a­tion mea­sur­ing man­nequin Hel­ga will fly with its ‘twin sis­ter’ Zo­har to the Moon and back for ra­di­a­tion mea­sure­ment and eval­u­a­tion of the As­tro­Rad ra­di­a­tion pro­tec­tion vest on board NASA's Ori­on space­craft. The two dum­mies, called phan­toms, each con­sist of 38 discs and are 95 cen­time­tres tall. In­side them are or­gans and bones made of plas­tic of vary­ing den­si­ty. There and on the sur­face, each phan­tom has over 6000 pas­sive ra­di­a­tion de­tec­tors com­pris­ing small crys­tals and a to­tal of 16 ac­tive de­tec­tors (M-42) from DLR in­stalled on the body's most ra­di­a­tion-sen­si­tive or­gans – lungs, stom­ach, uterus and bone mar­row.


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Image 27/35, Credit: © DLR. All rights reserved
Putting on the radiation vest

Putting on the ra­di­a­tion vest

February 9, 2022  For the MARE ex­per­i­ment, the ra­di­a­tion mea­sur­ing man­nequin Hel­ga will fly with its ‘twin sis­ter’ Zo­har to the Moon and back for ra­di­a­tion mea­sure­ment and eval­u­a­tion of the As­tro­Rad ra­di­a­tion pro­tec­tion vest on board NASA's Ori­on space­craft. The two dum­mies, called phan­toms, each con­sist of 38 discs and are 95 cen­time­tres tall. In­side them are or­gans and bones made of plas­tic of vary­ing den­si­ty. There and on the sur­face, each phan­tom has over 6000 pas­sive ra­di­a­tion de­tec­tors com­pris­ing small crys­tals and a to­tal of 16 ac­tive de­tec­tors (M-42) from DLR in­stalled on the body's most ra­di­a­tion-sen­si­tive or­gans – lungs, stom­ach, uterus and bone mar­row.


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Image 28/35, Credit: © DLR. All rights reserved
Zohar with vest in her seat

Zo­har with vest in her seat

February 9, 2022  For the MARE ex­per­i­ment, the ra­di­a­tion mea­sur­ing man­nequin Hel­ga will fly with its ‘twin sis­ter’ Zo­har to the Moon and back for ra­di­a­tion mea­sure­ment and eval­u­a­tion of the As­tro­Rad ra­di­a­tion pro­tec­tion vest on board NASA's Ori­on space­craft. The two dum­mies, called phan­toms, each con­sist of 38 discs and are 95 cen­time­tres tall. In­side them are or­gans and bones made of plas­tic of vary­ing den­si­ty. There and on the sur­face, each phan­tom has over 6000 pas­sive ra­di­a­tion de­tec­tors com­pris­ing small crys­tals and a to­tal of 16 ac­tive de­tec­tors (M-42) from DLR in­stalled on the body's most ra­di­a­tion-sen­si­tive or­gans – lungs, stom­ach, uterus and bone mar­row.


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Image 29/35, Credit: DLR (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)
A ‘slice’ of Helga

A ‘slice’ of Hel­ga

February 9, 2022  The Ma­trosh­ka As­tro­Rad Ra­di­a­tion Ex­per­i­ment (MARE) will fly to the Moon on NASA's Artemis I mis­sion. The ex­per­i­ment will in­ves­ti­gate ra­di­a­tion ex­po­sure through­out the en­tire flight to Earth’s nat­u­ral satel­lite us­ing two iden­ti­cal ‘phan­toms’. Each of the man­nequins con­sists of 38 discs, mea­sures 95 cen­time­tres and con­tains or­gans and bones made of plas­tic of vary­ing den­si­ty. More than 6000 pas­sive dosime­ters con­sist­ing of small crys­tals are in­stalled at these lo­ca­tions and on the sur­face. In ad­di­tion, 16 ac­tive de­tec­tors are in­te­grat­ed in­to the most ra­di­a­tion-sen­si­tive or­gans of the body – lungs, stom­ach, uterus and bone mar­row.


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Image 30/35, Credit: DLR (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)
The radiation measuring manikin Helga in individual parts

The ra­di­a­tion mea­sur­ing manikin Hel­ga in in­di­vid­u­al parts

February 9, 2022  The Ma­trosh­ka As­tro­Rad Ra­di­a­tion Ex­per­i­ment (MARE) will fly to the Moon on NASA's Artemis I mis­sion. The ex­per­i­ment will in­ves­ti­gate ra­di­a­tion ex­po­sure through­out the en­tire flight to Earth’s nat­u­ral satel­lite us­ing two iden­ti­cal ‘phan­toms’. Each of the man­nequins con­sists of 38 discs, mea­sures 95 cen­time­tres and con­tains or­gans and bones made of plas­tic of vary­ing den­si­ty. More than 6000 pas­sive dosime­ters con­sist­ing of small crys­tals are in­stalled at these lo­ca­tions and on the sur­face. In ad­di­tion, 16 ac­tive de­tec­tors are in­te­grat­ed in­to the most ra­di­a­tion-sen­si­tive or­gans of the body – lungs, stom­ach, uterus and bone mar­row.


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Image 31/35, Credit: DLR (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)
The radiation measuring manikin Helga in individual parts

The ra­di­a­tion mea­sur­ing manikin Hel­ga in in­di­vid­u­al parts

February 9, 2022  The Ma­trosh­ka As­tro­Rad Ra­di­a­tion Ex­per­i­ment (MARE) will fly to the Moon on NASA's Artemis I mis­sion. The ex­per­i­ment will in­ves­ti­gate ra­di­a­tion ex­po­sure through­out the en­tire flight to Earth’s nat­u­ral satel­lite us­ing two iden­ti­cal ‘phan­toms’. Each of the man­nequins con­sists of 38 discs, mea­sures 95 cen­time­tres and con­tains or­gans and bones made of plas­tic of vary­ing den­si­ty. More than 6000 pas­sive dosime­ters con­sist­ing of small crys­tals are in­stalled at these lo­ca­tions and on the sur­face. In ad­di­tion, 16 ac­tive de­tec­tors are in­te­grat­ed in­to the most ra­di­a­tion-sen­si­tive or­gans of the body – lungs, stom­ach, uterus and bone mar­row.


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Image 32/35, Credit: DLR (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)
Active radiation detector M-42

Ac­tive ra­di­a­tion de­tec­tor M-42

February 9, 2022  The Ma­trosh­ka As­tro­Rad Ra­di­a­tion Ex­per­i­ment (MARE) will fly to the Moon on NASA's Artemis I mis­sion. The ex­per­i­ment will in­ves­ti­gate ra­di­a­tion ex­po­sure through­out the en­tire flight to Earth’s nat­u­ral satel­lite us­ing two iden­ti­cal ‘phan­toms’. Each of the man­nequins con­sists of 38 discs, mea­sures 95 cen­time­tres and con­tains or­gans and bones made of plas­tic of vary­ing den­si­ty. More than 6000 pas­sive dosime­ters con­sist­ing of small crys­tals are in­stalled at these lo­ca­tions and on the sur­face. In ad­di­tion, 16 ac­tive de­tec­tors are in­te­grat­ed in­to the most ra­di­a­tion-sen­si­tive or­gans of the body – lungs, stom­ach, uterus and bone mar­row.


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Image 33/35, Credit: DLR (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)
Helga and Zohar packed for delivery

Hel­ga and Zo­har packed for de­liv­ery

April 27, 2022  In a to­tal of 11 crates, the two DLR pas­sen­gers em­bark on their jour­ney from Cologne to the Moon as part of NASA's Artemis I mis­sion.


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Image 34/35, Credit: DLR (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)
MARE mannequins Helga and Zohar ready for transport

MARE man­nequins Hel­ga and Zo­har ready for trans­port

April 27, 2022  Both MARE man­nequins (Hel­ga in front, Zo­har in the back) in the so-called 'han­dle bars' to 'car­ry' the two dolls in­to the Ori­on cap­sule.


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Image 35/35, Credit: DLR (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)

Image gallery of the MARE (Matroshka AstroRad Radiation Experiment) experiment, in which two identical test mannequins will fly to the Moon on board NASA's Artemis I mission, to investigate radiation exposure during the entire flight.

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