Re­search air­craft

DLR ATRA research aircraft

DLR ATRA re­search air­craft

The Airbus A320-232 D-ATRA, DLR's largest fleet member, has been in operation since the end of 2008.

Image 1/21, Credit: DLR (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)
Research aircraft A320 ATRA

Re­search air­craft A320 ATRA

DLR’s research aircraft A320 ATRA (Advanced Technology Research Aircraft) is a modern and flexible flight testing platform that sets a new benchmark for flying test beds in European aerospace research – and not just because of its size.

Image 2/21, Credit: DLR (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)
Two planes in flight

Joint re­search flights over Ger­many

NASA’s ‘airborne laboratory’ flies close behind the DLR A320 Advanced Technology Research Aircraft (ATRA), flying through the Airbus’ exhaust plume. On board, scientists measure the composition of the exhaust stream and analyse the effects of biofuels like HEFA on the formation of soot particles and ice crystals.

Image 3/21, Credit: DLR/NASA/Friz.
ATRA at low altitude

ATRA at low al­ti­tude over the Magde­burg Cochst­edt Air­port

The DLR ATRA research aircraft flies at around 15 metres above the airport grounds with its landing gear retracted.

Image 4/21, Credit: DLR/Marek Kruszewski (CC-BY 3.0).
HALO in a hangar

HA­LO in the hangar at the air­port in Tainan, south­ern Tai­wan

HALO in the hangar at the airport in Tainan, southern Taiwan

Image 5/21, Credit: DLR (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)
HALO research aircraft in flight

HA­LO re­search air­craft

The HALO research aircraft flies all over the world for atmospheric and climate research.

Image 6/21, Credit: DLR (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)
DLR HALO research aircraft in flight

DLR HA­LO re­search air­craft

The HALO high-altitude research aircraft (High Altitude and Long Range Research Aircraft): starting in late 2008, this modified business jet, a Gulfstream G 550, will join the DLR aircraft fleet in data-gathering flights around the globe.

Image 7/21, Credit: DLR (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)
HALO research aircraft in a snow-covered landscape

HA­LO re­search air­craft at Kiruna in north­ern Swe­den

At the end of January 2016, atmospheric researchers used the High Altitude Long Range Research Aircraft (HALO) and the Falcon 20E research aircraft to conduct coordinated climate research measurement flights. For the first time, they succeeded in measuring gravity waves and airglow almost in their entirety.

Image 8/21, Credit: DLR/Andreas Minikin.
DLR research aircraft Falcon

DLR re­search air­craft Fal­con

The Falcon is the only research aircraft in Europe that is legally able to fly at high altitudes and over long distances in volcanic ash clouds.

Image 9/21, Credit: DLR (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)
The Falcon in flight

The Fal­con in flight

The Falcon research aircraft arrived at DLR in 1976 and has proven its worth in numerous scientific research missions and campaigns worldwide. Its best-known flights were carried out in April 2010, when the eruption of the Icelandic volcano Eyjafjallajökull brought large parts of the air traffic over Europe to a standstill. In record time, the Falcon was converted and certified for use over Iceland, England and Germany. As the only aircraft in the sky, the Falcon made several measurement flights.

Image 10/21, Credit: DLR (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)
Falcon flying at low level

Fal­con fly­ing at low lev­el

The Falcon during a measurement flight in Malaysia.

Image 11/21, Credit: GEOMAR.
The cabin of the DLR Falcon

In­side the cab­in of the DLR Fal­con

DLR researchers focus on measurements of the biofuel exhaust emissions of soot and sulphur particles, as well as the size and shape of the ice crystals in the condensation trails.

Image 12/21, Credit: DLR (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)
Cessna 208B Grand Caravan in flight

Fly­ing au­di­to­ri­um 'Cess­na 208B Grand Car­a­van'

The Cessna C208B Grand Caravan (registration D-FDLR) was converted into a flying auditorium by the German Aerospace Center's (DLR) Oberpfaffenhofen flight facility.

Image 13/21, Credit: DLR (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)
Cessna 208B Grand Caravan in flight

Cess­na 208B Grand Car­a­van in flight

The smallest aircraft of DLR's Oberpfaffenhofen flight facility is a Cessna 208B Grand Caravan, registration D-FDLR. The single-engine turboprop aircraft is mainly used by the German Aerospace Center (DLR) for remote sensing. It is especially well suited for camera flights, such as those with the HRSC (High Resolution Stereo Camera), operated by DLR and also used in space missions.

Image 14/21, Credit: DLR (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)
Do 228-212 research aircraft

Do 228-212 re­search air­craft

The DO 228-212 is primarily used for remote sensing, but also for marine and atmospheric research.

Image 15/21, Credit: DLR (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)
The DLR research aircraft Do 228-212 CFFU in flight

The DLR re­search air­craft Do 228-212 CF­FU in flight

The DLR research aircraft has a length of 16.56 metres (18.7 feet with nose boom), is 4.86 metres in height and has a wingspan of 16.97 metres.

Image 16/21, Credit: DLR (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)
BO 105 against a scree backdrop

BO 105 against a scree back­drop

The Göttingen-based researchers employed a novel technique to visualise the rotor blade vortices, using the loose scree littering the quarry as a background for their measurement method.

Image 17/21, Credit: DLR (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)
BO 105 flying in the quarry

BO 105 fly­ing in the quar­ry

DLR BO 105 research helicopter in flight above the lake at the base of the quarry.

Image 18/21, Credit: DLR (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)
ATTAS without its nose boom

AT­TAS on 19 Febru­ary 1985 - with­out its nose boom

The photo shows the ATTAS research aircraft after its conversion in Lemwerder. In February 1985, the airline company MBB (Messerschmitt-Bolkow-Blohm) conducted a second flight with the modified aircraft. The fuselage had not yet been painted in DLR colours.

Image 19/21, Credit: DLR (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)
ATTAS wearing a 'wing glove'

AT­TAS wear­ing a 'wing glove' in 1987

This image shows ATTAS with a changed profile. In 1987 a portion of the right wing was equipped with what is known as 'laminar glove'. A fibre-glass reinforced composite glove was placed on the original aluminum structure. DLR researchers investigated whether longer laminar flow profiles would be possible in commercial aircraft as well. If so, the resistance and thus the fuel consumption could be reduced. Infrared cameras measured the laminar-turbulent boundary layer transition.

Image 20/21, Credit: DLR (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)
LFU 205 in flight

LFU 205

The aircraft was developed jointly in the 1960s by DLR and the Leichtflugtechnik-Union (LFU) consortium. The maiden flight took place in 1968. The LFU 205 in service in Brunswick is the prototype of this aircraft and was manufactured as a one-off.

Image 21/21, Credit: DLR (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)

The German Aerospace Center (DLR) operates the largest civilian fleet of research aircraft and helicopters in Europe. The aircraft are stationed at DLR’s sites in Braunschweig and Oberpfaffenhofen.

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