To­po­graph­i­cal overview map of the vicin­i­ty of the Ko­rolev Crater

Topographical overview map of the vicinity of the Korolev Crater
To­po­graph­i­cal overview map of the vicin­i­ty of the Ko­rolev Crater
Credit: NASA/JPL/MOLA; FU-Berlin

Topographical overview map of the vicinity of the Korolev Crater

To­po­graph­i­cal overview map of the vicin­i­ty of the Ko­rolev Crater: Al­most the en­tire north­ern hemi­sphere of Mars is oc­cu­pied by the low­lands, which fall away to­wards the north pole, be­fore ris­ing to the po­lar cap, mea­sur­ing 1000 kilo­me­tres across, at the north­ern­most point of Mars, with a 2000-me­tre-thick ice cap. Dur­ing the rough­ly 350-day po­lar night, over a quar­ter of the car­bon diox­ide in the thin Mar­tian at­mo­sphere sub­li­mates, caus­ing the po­lar cap to grow south, ex­tend­ing to 68 de­grees North. This re­gion is al­so home to the 82-kilo­me­tre-wide Ko­rolev Crater, which was flown over by the ESA’s Mars Ex­press or­biter sev­er­al times over the last year, cap­tur­ing im­ages with its DLR-op­er­at­ed HRSC cam­era sys­tem. The da­ta from five HRSC im­age strips have been used to cre­ate an im­age mo­sa­ic and a dig­i­tal el­e­va­tion mod­el. There is a per­ma­nent ice field in­side Ko­rolev Crater.

Topographical overview map of the vicinity of the Korolev Crater: Almost the entire northern hemisphere of Mars is occupied by the lowlands, which fall away towards the north pole, before rising to the polar cap, measuring 1000 kilometres across, at the northernmost point of Mars, with a 2000-metre-thick ice cap. During the roughly 350-day polar night, over a quarter of the carbon dioxide in the thin Martian atmosphere sublimates, causing the polar cap to grow south, extending to 68 degrees North. This region is also home to the 82-kilometre-wide Korolev Crater, which was flown over by the ESA’s Mars Express orbiter several times over the last year, capturing images with its DLR-operated HRSC camera system. The data from five HRSC image strips have been used to create an image mosaic and a digital elevation model. There is a permanent ice field inside Korolev Crater.

More galleries

Main menu