EDEN ISS

#MadeInAntarctica - Growing vegetables in the eternal ice

Paul Zabel next to the EDEN ISS greenhouse
Paul Zabel saying farewell to the EDEN ISS greenhouse
Image 1/3, Image: DLR (CC-BY 3.0)

Paul Zabel saying farewell to the EDEN ISS greenhouse

Paul Zabel spent 365 days in Antarctica.

DLR researcher Paul Zabel holds a freshly harvested Antarctic lettuce in his hands
DLR researcher Paul Zabel holds a freshly harvested Antarctic lettuce in his hands
Image 2/3, Image: DLR (CC-BY 3.0)

DLR researcher Paul Zabel holds a freshly harvested Antarctic lettuce in his hands

In the EDEN ISS greenhouse, DLR researcher Paul Zabel holds the first harvested lettuce in his hands.

View of Neumayer III Station
View of Neumayer III Station
Image 3/3, Image: DLR (CC-BY 3.0)

View of Neumayer III Station

Neumayer III Station with adjacent facilities. The EDEN ISS greenhouse can be seen in the upper centre of the image.

365 days in the Antarctic, including 257 days cut off from the outside world, together with the crew members of the overwintering team at the Neumayer III Antarctic station, which is operated by the Alfred Wegener Institute (AWI) –in December 2017, DLR scientist Paul Zabel relocated to the Antarctic, where he cultivated vegetables, salads and herbs in the EDEN ISS greenhouse using artificial light, effective nutrient solutions and completely without soil. He was very successful: During that year 'Antarctic gardener’ Zabel grew a total of 77 kilograms of lettuce, 67 kilograms of cucumbers and 46 kilograms of tomatoes.

With the EDEN ISS greenhouse in the inhospitable environment of the Antarctic, the DLR scientists are looking to get as close as possible to the conditions of a long-term mission in space. The research laboratory not only serves to test the cultivation of vegetables for future crewed space missions to the Moon and Mars, but also allows scientists to research food production in climatically unfavorable areas such as deserts and Arctic regions.

In the years 2019 and 2020 DLR, together with the AWI and other research partners, will further develop the production processes in the EDEN ISS greenhouse. The project will be continued and be open to researchers from all over the world.

Contact
  • Falk Dambowsky
    Editor
    German Aerospace Center (DLR)
    Media Relations
    Telephone: +49 2203 601-3959
    Fax: +49 2203 601-3249
    Linder Höhe
    51147  Cologne
    Contact
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