International Space Station ISS

ISS - the largest tech­nol­o­gy project of all time: an out­post of hu­man­i­ty in space

The International Space Station (ISS)
The ISS moves away from Space Shut­tle En­deav­our, Febru­ary 2010
Image 1/5, Credit: NASA/JSC.

The ISS moves away from Space Shuttle Endeavour, February 2010

Im­age of the In­ter­na­tion­al Space Sta­tion (ISS) on 19 Febru­ary 2010 af­ter the un­dock­ing of Space Shut­tle En­deav­our. ISS with Earth in the back­ground.
Observing Earth from the ISS
Ob­serv­ing Earth from the ISS
Image 2/5, Credit: NASA

Observing Earth from the ISS

Mul­ti-Us­er Sys­tem for Earth Sens­ing (MUS­ES), the first com­mer­cial Earth-sens­ing plat­form on the ISS, will fur­ther in­crease the Space Sta­tion's re­search ca­pa­bil­i­ties. DLR will de­vel­op and de­liv­er a Vi­su­al/Near-In­frared Imag­ing Spec­trom­e­ter to be in­te­grat­ed with Tele­dyne's MUS­ES plat­form, cur­rent­ly be­ing de­vel­oped un­der a co­op­er­a­tive agree­ment with NASA. In fu­ture and among many oth­er tasks, the spec­trom­e­ter will pro­vide valu­able in­for­ma­tion on the at­mo­spheres over oceans and their bio-geo­phys­i­cal com­po­si­tion. The in­stru­ment will oc­cu­py one of the four Earth-look­ing in­stru­ment sites on MUS­ES.
AMS-02 after installation on the ISS
AMS-02 af­ter in­stal­la­tion on the ISS
Image 3/5, Credit: NASA

AMS-02 after installation on the ISS

AMS af­ter in­stal­la­tion on the In­ter­na­tion­al Space Sta­tion‘s Star­board Truss. To the right is the docked Space Shut­tle En­deav­our, which car­ried AMS in­to Earth or­bit.
ISS by the blackness of space and Earth's horizon, November 2007
ISS by the black­ness of space and Earth's hori­zon, Novem­ber 2007
Image 4/5, Credit: NASA.

ISS by the blackness of space and Earth's horizon, November 2007

Back­dropped by the black­ness of space and Earth's hori­zon, the In­ter­na­tion­al Space Sta­tion (ISS) is seen from Space Shut­tle Dis­cov­ery as the two space­craft be­gin their rel­a­tive sep­a­ra­tion. Ear­li­er the STS-120 and Ex­pe­di­tion 16 crews con­clud­ed 11 days of co­op­er­a­tive work on­board the shut­tle and sta­tion. Un­dock­ing of the two space­craft oc­curred at 4:32 a.m. (CST) on 5 Novem­ber 2007.
Spacewalk during STS-115 mission, September 2006
Space­walk dur­ing STS-115 mis­sion, Septem­ber 2006
Image 5/5, Credit: NASA

Spacewalk during STS-115 mission, September 2006

As­tro­nauts Steven G. MacLean rep­re­sent­ing the Cana­di­an Space Agen­cy, and Daniel C. Bur­bank, both STS-115 mis­sion spe­cial­ists, par­tic­i­pate in the sec­ond of three sched­uled space­walks for the Space Shut­tle At­lantis and In­ter­na­tion­al Space Sta­tion crew mem­bers as con­struc­tion re­sumes on the or­bital out­post. The two STS-115 mis­sion spe­cial­ists are trans­lat­ing along the side of one of the sta­tion's truss­es.

The International Space Station (ISS) is the largest technology project of all time: an outpost of humanity in space. At the same time, it is a flying laboratory with outstanding possibilities for scientific and industrial research.

The ISS proves that peaceful international use of space is to the advantage of all its partners, in spite of the initial delays and technical problems. On the contrary, this ambitious project is continuing with enormous commitment from all taking part. It has been crewed now since 2 November 2000.

The huge orbiting laboratory which is the ISS includes contributions from the USA, Russia, Canada, Japan and the member states of the European Space Agency (ESA).

Germany is the foremost ISS partner of ESA in Europe. As largest financial contributer, the Federal Republic contributes 41 per cent of the European infrastructure and to the scientific use of the space station. The German Aerospace Center (DLR) coordinates the German ESA activities within the ISS programmes related to structure, enterprise and use of the station.

Germany contributes, among other things:

  • The Columbus Laboratory
  • The developement of the ATV (Automated Transfer Vehicle)
  • The planning and execution of the operations/logistics programme, including how the astronauts are used
  • The operation of the Columbus Contol Centre in Oberpfaffenhofen
  • The data management for the Russian module Zarya
  • The robotic arm (ERA) for the Russian part of the ISS

German scientists have been active since the beginning of the scientific use of the space station in 2001. Since that time they have accomplished numerous experiments onboard the ISS. These include in particular the investigation of the human equilibrium system, the breeding of protein crystals, basic physics (plasma research) and radiation-biological questions

More information
  • Elke Heinemann
    Ger­man Aerospace Cen­ter (DLR)

    Com­mu­ni­ca­tions and Me­dia Re­la­tions
    Telephone: +49 2203 601-2867
    Linder Höhe
    51147 Cologne
  • Volker Schmid
    Ger­man Aerospace Cen­ter (DLR)
    Ger­man Space Agen­cy at DLR
    Hu­man Space­flight, ISS and Ex­plo­ration
    Telephone: +49 228 447-305
    Fax: +49 228 447-737
    Königswinterer Straße 522-524
    53227 Bonn

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