ISS - the largest technology project of all time: an outpost of humanity in space
The ISS moves away from Space Shuttle Endeavour, February 2010Image of the International Space Station (ISS) on 19 February 2010 after the undocking of Space Shuttle Endeavour. ISS with Earth in the background.
Observing Earth from the ISSMulti-User System for Earth Sensing (MUSES), the first commercial Earth-sensing platform on the ISS, will further increase the Space Station's research capabilities. DLR will develop and deliver a Visual/Near-Infrared Imaging Spectrometer to be integrated with Teledyne's MUSES platform, currently being developed under a cooperative agreement with NASA. In future and among many other tasks, the spectrometer will provide valuable information on the atmospheres over oceans and their bio-geophysical composition. The instrument will occupy one of the four Earth-looking instrument sites on MUSES.
AMS-02 after installation on the ISSAMS after installation on the International Space Station‘s Starboard Truss. To the right is the docked Space Shuttle Endeavour, which carried AMS into Earth orbit.
ISS by the blackness of space and Earth's horizon, November 2007Backdropped by the blackness of space and Earth's horizon, the International Space Station (ISS) is seen from Space Shuttle Discovery as the two spacecraft begin their relative separation. Earlier the STS-120 and Expedition 16 crews concluded 11 days of cooperative work onboard the shuttle and station. Undocking of the two spacecraft occurred at 4:32 a.m. (CST) on 5 November 2007.
Spacewalk during STS-115 mission, September 2006Astronauts Steven G. MacLean representing the Canadian Space Agency, and Daniel C. Burbank, both STS-115 mission specialists, participate in the second of three scheduled spacewalks for the Space Shuttle Atlantis and International Space Station crew members as construction resumes on the orbital outpost. The two STS-115 mission specialists are translating along the side of one of the station's trusses.
The International Space Station (ISS) is the largest technology project of all time: an outpost of humanity in space. At the same time, it is a flying laboratory with outstanding possibilities for scientific and industrial research.
The ISS proves that peaceful international use of space is to the advantage of all its partners, in spite of the initial delays and technical problems. On the contrary, this ambitious project is continuing with enormous commitment from all taking part. It has been crewed now since 2 November 2000.
The huge orbiting laboratory which is the ISS includes contributions from the USA, Russia, Canada, Japan and the member states of the European Space Agency (ESA).
Germany is the foremost ISS partner of ESA in Europe. As largest financial contributer, the Federal Republic contributes 41 per cent of the European infrastructure and to the scientific use of the space station. The German Aerospace Center (DLR) coordinates the German ESA activities within the ISS programmes related to structure, enterprise and use of the station.
Germany contributes, among other things:
- The Columbus Laboratory
- The developement of the ATV (Automated Transfer Vehicle)
- The planning and execution of the operations/logistics programme, including how the astronauts are used
- The operation of the Columbus Contol Centre in Oberpfaffenhofen
- The data management for the Russian module Zarya
- The robotic arm (ERA) for the Russian part of the ISS
German scientists have been active since the beginning of the scientific use of the space station in 2001. Since that time they have accomplished numerous experiments onboard the ISS. These include in particular the investigation of the human equilibrium system, the breeding of protein crystals, basic physics (plasma research) and radiation-biological questions
Elke HeinemannGerman Aerospace Center (DLR)Public Affairs and CommunicationsTelephone: +49 2203 601-2867
Fax: +49 2203 601-3249
Volker SchmidGerman Aerospace Center (DLR)Space Administration
Human Spaceflight, ISS and ExplorationTelephone: +49 228 447-305
Fax: +49 228 447-737Königswinterer Straße 522-524Contact
Observing animal migration from space – ISS experiment ICARUS beginsSecond attempt – the German-Russian International Cooperation for Animal Research Using Space (ICARUS) experiment, which is installed on the International Space Station (ISS), will be put into operation on 10 March 2020.
An astronaut controls a rover on EarthThe ISS telerobotics experiment Analog-1 was conducted on 25 November 2019, using DLR robotics technology. Astronaut Luca Parmitano controlled the European Space Agency (ESA) ‘Interact’ rover from the International Space Station (ISS).
Plasma crystal research on the ISSMore plasma research is being conducted on the International Space Station (ISS). From 10 to 16 November 2019, the Russian cosmonaut Alexander Skvortsov will be carrying out a new series of experiments with the PK-4 plasma crystal laboratory.
A new generation of environmental monitoring – the DLR DESIS spectrometer begins routine operations on the ISSOn 23 October 2019, the German Aerospace Center (DLR) and the U.S. company Teledyne Brown Engineering (TBE) announced the start of routine operations for the 'DLR Earth Sensing Imaging Spectrometer' (DESIS).
Animal observation system ICARUS is switched onThe International Cooperation for Animal Research Using Space (ICARUS) is a cooperative project between the Russian space agency Roscosmos and the German Aerospace Center (DLR) under the leadership of Martin Wikelski from the Max Planck Institute of Animal Behavior in Konstanz.
Algae on an extraterrestrial mission – giving ISS astronauts air to breatheWhether it involves an outpost on the Moon or a long flight through space, humans are unable to survive in space without technological systems that provide everything necessary for life. For long-term missions, it is necessary to close the resource cycle to the greatest extent possible in order to survive without relying on deliveries of fresh supplies.