The reduction of CO2-emissions is an extremely complex task, especially for industrial processes, to which a whole series of further conditions are attached. Jobs need to be preserved, the environment must be protected, the use of fossil fuels shall be avoided, the supply of energy is to be secured, and the existing standard of living should also be maintained. In order to achieve this, solutions are urgently needed enabling industry to master the transformation of the energy system. The majority of plants and industrial parks are optimized for fossil energy sources. Climate change, the planned phase-out of coal, and the increasing demand for green energy sources will make changes absolutely necessary in the decades to come.
The modeling and simulation of industrial plants and their components is one of the main tasks of SVD
In order to adjust and transform individual plants or entire industrial parks, the Department of Simulation and Virtual Design (SVD) is developing new software tools to scientifically examine industrial processes in a virtual environment. In parallel, experiments are carried out for improving and validating the simulations. Furthermore, models are developed based on measured data, which helps to achieve simulation results as realistic as possible. With a virtual plant, a wide class of problems can then be examined and solved in a short time. For example:
The list of challenges that industrial plants will have to face is long. Against this background, the Institute of Low-Carbon Industrial Processes currently develops a novel high-temperature heat pump, which is expected to become a key component for the heat management of future industrial plants. The SVD department supports this research by developing a flexible simulation environment and examining the model depth with which processes can be virtualized with regard to heat management and material flows. In cooperation with other institutes and research facilities, the department is working on the further development of simulation methods that optimize the interaction of all components of future energy systems.
The development of smart energy networks plays a major role in the interconnection of energy supplies and energy consumers. Such networks utilize decentralized energy sources (wind, solar, water) and consist of a large variety of power plants, storage systems, residential and public buildings as well as industrial plants. Artificial-Intelligence-based programs will have to control how the available energy is distributed, stored, converted, or retrieved at any given point in time. The simulation environment developed by the SVD department enables us to realize a low-loss distribution of electricity, mechanical work, heat, and base materials. In the future, cities and industrial sites will have to use energy much more efficiently. For this reason, the simulation and realization of these networks are of great importance. They comprise an essential part of energy research as a prerequisite to a successful energy transition.
Prof. Dr. Uwe Riedel
Institute of Low-Carbon Industrial Processes
Tel.: +49 711 6862 351