From 19 June 2018, the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) is presenting current highlights from the field of automation and robotics at 'automatica 2018'. The focus is on the 'Factory of the Future', with research work and projects for intelligent, autonomous and collaborative production using lightweight robots.
Approximately 30 percent of all flights from Germany are now operated by low-cost airlines. After the insolvency of Air Berlin and the redistribution of its routes, a new record has been set for the number of low-cost flights from Germany over the winter period. Eurowings, easyJet and Ryanair dominated this growth. Eurowings and Norwegian are increasingly serving low-cost destinations outside Europe.
The world's largest weather phenomenon – the South Asian monsoon – purifies the air efficiently, acting as a kind of cleaning agent for pollutants, but it also enables their distribution across the globe. The results of the international research project OMO (Oxidation Mechanism Observation) have now been published in the journal Science.
Researchers at the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) have taken a major step forward in the development of receiver technology for solar tower power plants. The innovative radiation receiver CentRec in the solar tower at the DLR facility in Jülich passed its first test at extremely high temperatures in May 2018. During the test, the researchers heated ceramic particles in the receiver to over 965 degrees Celsius, and in doing so demonstrated that concentrated solar radiation can be used to generate and store energy at very high temperatures.
Networked autonomous driving and flying will radically change transport as we know it today. Such technology has the potential to fundamentally improve our energy and emissions footprint, as well as to make transport safer and more efficient. Innovations in this area will be key across the whole of Europe and its various economic sectors in sustaining competitiveness with other major business locations worldwide, as well as in the effort to achieve a sustainable and climate-friendly economy.
A joint team from the French aerospace research centre ONERA and the German Aerospace Center (DLR) performed the ground vibration testing (GVT) of the new Airbus Beluga XL large transport aircraft.
Update: On 8 June 2018 at 17:17 CEST, the hatch was opened and Alexander Gerst and the two other crew members of ISS Expedition 56-57 exited the Soyuz spacecraft and entered the International Space Station ISS. This is Gerst's second mission to the space station, where he will live and work for six months.
When the parabolic flight aircraft, the Airbus A310 ZERO-G, takes off from Bordeaux-Mérignac Airport on 5 June 2018, it will be a 'first' in several respects: for the first time, only life science experiments will be exposed to three very different gravity conditions during a joint campaign by the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR), the European Space Agency (ESA) and French space agency CNES (Centre national d'études spatiales; CNES).
The TEXUS 55 research rocket launched from the Esrange Space Center near Kiruna in northern Sweden at 06:00 CEST on Thursday, 18 May 2018. The German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) rocket, carrying four German experiments for solar and materials research, as well as for gravitational biology, climbed to an altitude of 255 kilometres.
Astronauts on board the International Space Station (ISS) use the Columbus research laboratory to conduct numerous experiments for researchers around the world. The Columbus Control Centre (Col-CC) in the German Space Operations Center (GSOC), which is located at the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) site in Oberpfaffenhofen.
On 1 June 2018 at the French Embassy in Berlin, the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) and the French Institute of Science and Technology for Transport, Development and Networks (l'Institut français des sciences et technologies des transports, de l'aménagement et des réseaux; IFSTTAR) signed a cooperation agreement for the joint development of solutions for European transport systems.
Two June 2018 will mark 15 years since the launch of the European Mars Express spacecraft. Still in orbit around the Red Planet, Mars Express is one of the most successful space missions to be sent to Earth's planetary neighbour. One of the instruments still in operation is the German High Resolution Stereo Camera (HRSC).
Effective monitoring of greenhouse gases is required to achieve ambitious targets for limiting greenhouse gas emissions. In addition, the sources and sinks of greenhouse gases must be understood as precisely as possible to produce reliable climate forecasts. From mid-May to mid-June 2018, a flight test campaign led by the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) is contributing to this international effort.
How can artificial intelligence (AI) help astronauts do their work in space, and what can be learned for its application on Earth? How do living cells behave in a microgravity environment? What does an extended period in space do to an astronaut's immune system?
An electrodynamic vibration exciter pulls and pushes at the 20-metre SmartBlades DemoBlade with a force of 100 kilograms. The rotor blade oscillates with a deflection of 50 centimetres at the tip. Researchers from the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) are conducting precise analyses of these movements and the material stresses on the rotor blade.
Space research, courtesy of schoolchildren: this and other experiments for the horizons mission of the German ESA astronaut Alexander Gerst are now en route to the International Space Station (ISS). The experiments are being carried by a Cygnus transporter on board an Antares rocket that took off from Wallops Island, Virginia (United States) at 10:44 CEST (04:44 local time) on 21 May 2018, bound for the ISS, where it will dock on 24 May.
In future, robot assistants will be able to support people at home or in care facilities if the tasks associated with everyday life become too much of a burden. Researchers at the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) working on the SMiLE project have developed technologies that provide efficient daily assistance to people requiring care or with special needs.
This video shows a flight over the 102-kilometre wide Neukum Crater in the southern highlands of Mars. It is based on data acquired by the High Resolution Stereo Camera (HRSC), operated by the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) on board the ESA Mars Express spacecraft, which has been orbiting Mars since 2003.
The production of hydrogen using renewable resources plays a key role in the sustainable transformation of the energy and mobility systems. This is because it is a multi-use energy carrier that can be used directly for clean mobility in fuel-cell vehicles, as a store for variable renewable energy sources, or as a starting point for the production of synthetic fuels.
Eighteen months after achieving their previous record, researchers at the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) - this time together with ADVA, a leading provider of open networking solutions - set a new record for data transmission using free-space laser communications - 13.16 terabits per second. At this data rate, the content of all printed the books in the world could be transmitted in approximately 30 seconds. The IP traffic in Germany in 2020, which is expected to grow to 144 petabytes per day, could also be supported. However, the actual goal is to provide broadband Internet via satellite to rural areas that are not connected to the terrestrial network infrastructure. For that purpose, according to the BATS study, an aggregate data rate of three to four terabits per second would be required to serve all of Europe.