Low-cost flights from Germany set a new record in the winter half-year 2018/2019. For the first time, there were 5325 low-cost airline flights per week, which represents a 10 percent increase from the previous year. The market has now almost settled down following the withdrawal of Air Berlin.
The 200-kilometre-wide peak-ring impact crater shown in this High Resolution Stereo Camera (HRSC) image mosaic is named after the US astronomer Percival Lowell (1855 - 1916). HRSC is a camera system on board ESA’s Mars Express spacecraft, which has been orbiting Mars since 2003. Mars Express has flown over and imaged Lowell Crater several times in recent months. The systematic processing of the data acquired by the camera system was performed at the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) Institute of Planetary Research in Berlin-Adlershof. Experts specialising in planetology and remote sensing at the Freie Universität Berlin produced the images shown here using these data.
This year's Colloquium on Production Technology, held at the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) site in Augsburg, coincided with a special occasion. The DLR Center for Lightweight-Production-Technology (Zentrum für Leichtbauproduktionstechnologie; ZLP) celebrated its tenth anniversary on 15 May 2019.
Parcel-delivery drones, air taxis and uncrewed inspection aircraft will to fly over cities and interact with one another in the future. They must be able to recognise and avoid one another, ideally before even taking off. The German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) and its partners in the City Air Traffic Management (City-ATM) project conducted successful flight tests around the Köhlbrand Bridge in late April 2019 to demonstrate how drones are already able to cooperate with one another, as demonstrated by flying around a bridge, amid active shipping and road traffic.
The European Data Relay Satellite System (EDRS), also known as the 'space data highway', is setting a new standard in real-time data transfer. The innovative laser nodes can transport data volumes of up to 1.8 gigabits per second to Earth, with minimal delay. The programme's first communication node, EDRS-A, was launched on 29 January 2016, and is already providing relay services for data transfer from the four Sentinel satellites of the EU Copernicus Earth observation programme.
The Digital Innovation Hub Healthcare Robotics (DIH-HERO) has the goals of fostering closer exchanges between science and companies, especially small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), accelerating the market introduction of innovations, and ensuring mutual support. This independent platform, which can be used by organisations from the fields of healthcare and medical technology with an interest in networking, was presented at the European Robotics Forum in Bucharest in March 2019.
Forests are Earth's lungs; they help to reduce greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere and thus counteract global warming, while also providing protection and resources for humans, animals and plants – and they are being lost at an alarming rate. As the view from space reveals, forests cover about one third of Earth’s landmass today.
Whether it involves an outpost on the Moon or a long flight through space, humans are unable to survive in space without technological systems that provide everything necessary for life. For long-term missions, it is necessary to close the resource cycle to the greatest extent possible in order to survive without relying on deliveries of fresh supplies.
Two-and-a-half years have passed since the operational phase of the Rosetta mission came to an end in September 2016. However, scientific evaluation of the enormous amounts of data from the instruments on the spacecraft and the Philae lander is still ongoing.
The helium hydride ion, to give HeH+ its full name, once posed something of a dilemma for science. Although its existence has been known from laboratory studies for almost 100 years, it had not been found in space, despite extensive searches. As a result, the chemical model calculations associated with it were called into question.
Radically reduce the energy consumption of an aircraft. Last year, a four-member team of students from Munich demonstrated how this could be achieved with the 'eRay' Aircraft Concept and, in doing so, revealed the creative potential of the younger generation in the DLR/NASA Design Challenge.
The first set of light-sensitive camera sensors for the European Space Agency (ESA) 'PLAnetary Transits and Oscillations of stars' (PLATO) space telescope was approved by ESA in March 2019. The delivery of these detectors is an important milestone in the construction of what will be a groundbreaking space telescope, which from 2026 will search for and study Earth-sized exoplanets orbiting nearby stars.
A blue box, a cubic metre of Mars-like sand, a rock, a fully-functional model of the Mars 'Mole' and a seismometer – these are the main components with which the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) is simulating the current situation on Mars.
The compact German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) Eu:CROPIS satellite is now rotating in space at a rate of 17.5 revolutions per minute, generating a gravitational force in its interior similar to that found on the Moon. After its launch on 3 December 2018, DLR engineers successfully tested and commanded the spacecraft.
Earth observation satellites play a key role in weather forecasting, climate research, monitoring of the planet's surface and the detection of forest fires. These tasks require satellites to transmit very large amounts of data to the ground for analysis. Today's radio systems are reaching their limits in this area.
Whether it is the digital management of energy supply, thermal storage power plants as a clean route away from coal, autonomous flying multicopters that monitor the solar fields, or high-tech analysis technology for batteries of the next generation and beyond – the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) will be present at the Hannover Messe to showcase future-oriented technologies and concepts for the implementation of the Energy Transition, as well as products and services that have successfully made their way from research into practical applications in industry thanks to DLR Technology Marketing.
You cannot see it; you can hardly hear it and you cannot hold it. But it is highly effective. The tool of the future is hidden inside computers and is somewhat abstract. Software, simulation and data science are the keywords. Boring? Anything but!
Electric flight opens up a new dimension in aviation and offers unprecedented opportunities for sustainable mobility in the future. A growing number of projects in both research institutions and industry are investigating how electric – and thus emission-free and low-noise – aircraft concepts can be implemented and which application scenarios are the most promising.
New images acquired by the High Resolution Stereo Camera (HRSC) operated by the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) on board the European Space Agency's (ESA) Mars Express spacecraft in early 2019 show a region in the southern hemisphere of Mars that is defined by a thick blanket of dust and the activity of Martian winds.
At the end of March 2019, the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) Falcon research aircraft will be taking off for what will be a world first in aviation. For the first time, a prototype of the new digital aeronautical radio standard LDACS (L-band Digital Aeronautical Communications System) will be tested. In future, this will enable secure and efficient data exchange between air traffic control centres and flight decks, up to and including 4D trajectories.