On 14 February 2019, the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) presented some of its planned research and management activities for 2019 at its annual press conference in Berlin. Pascale Ehrenfreund, Chair of the DLR Executive Board addressed the challenges and goals for the coming year.
Humanitarian aid organisations are increasingly seeking technological support for their work in crisis and disaster situations. New technologies from fields such as satellite remote sensing, robotics and communications can assist aid workers in rescuing and caring for people as effectively as possible in emergency situations.
New 5G (fifth-generation) mobile radio systems enable reliable, secure and wireless data transmission. In rail transport, this makes virtual coupling possible – in other words the independent, contactless coupling of trains during journeys to form longer virtual units.
Prices for low-cost flights stagnated during the 2018 summer season, then again showing some slight increases, accompanied by another massive expansion of low-cost airlines in Germany. Eurowings and Easyjet expanded their network with the acquisition of numerous aircraft and routes from the bankrupt Air Berlin, while meanwhile Ryanair expanded its operations at Frankfurt Airport into one of its biggest bases in Germany.
In a study commissioned by Greenpeace, researchers from the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt, DLR) investigated how Europe's car fleet must develop in order to achieve the Paris Climate Agreement objective of limiting global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius.
From 18 to 21 September 2018, the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) will be showcasing what the trains of tomorrow might look like and how we can make rail transport safer, more energy-efficient and more environmentally friendly at InnoTrans, the International Trade Fair for Transport Technology, held in Berlin.
Small, light and electrically-powered vehicles are set to define the nature of city and regional commuter transport in future, alongside public transport. As part of the Next Generation Car (NGC) project, researchers from the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) have developed an innovative concept for small vehicles: the Safe Light Regional Vehicle (SLRV).
How can ever-larger volumes of scientific data be processed and evaluated? And how can Earth observation data be meaningfully combined with ground measurements, thereby opening up new sources of information? In the cross-sectoral Big Data Platform project, researchers from the German Aerospace Center (DLR) are devising new methods for the future-oriented field of Big Data Science. The interdisciplinary research project involves 21 DLR institutes from the research fields of spaceflight, aeronautics, transport, energy, digitalisation and security – all working together. The project is set to run for four years and has received more than 21 million euro of funding.
In its Fuel Cell Power Pack (FCPP), the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) has developed an innovative fuel cell module that makes cargo bikes ready for everyday commercial use, extending their range and doubling the service life at a comparable price to purely battery-operated systems.
Approximately 30 percent of all flights from Germany are now operated by low-cost airlines. After the insolvency of Air Berlin and the redistribution of its routes, a new record has been set for the number of low-cost flights from Germany over the winter period. Eurowings, easyJet and Ryanair dominated this growth. Eurowings and Norwegian are increasingly serving low-cost destinations outside Europe.
Networked autonomous driving and flying will radically change transport as we know it today. Such technology has the potential to fundamentally improve our energy and emissions footprint, as well as to make transport safer and more efficient. Innovations in this area will be key across the whole of Europe and its various economic sectors in sustaining competitiveness with other major business locations worldwide, as well as in the effort to achieve a sustainable and climate-friendly economy.
On 1 June 2018 at the French Embassy in Berlin, the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) and the French Institute of Science and Technology for Transport, Development and Networks (l'Institut français des sciences et technologies des transports, de l'aménagement et des réseaux; IFSTTAR) signed a cooperation agreement for the joint development of solutions for European transport systems.
Energy is more than electricity; in order to increase the proportion of renewable energy not only in power generation but also in the areas of heating and mobility, energy must be transferred from one sector to another. At the Hannover Messe, from 23 to 27 April 2018, the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) will show how the coupling of sectors makes the energy system more flexible and more environmentally friendly (Hall 27, Stand H84).
The German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) and the Japanese Railway Technical Research Institute (RTRI) signed an agreement for closer cooperation on 1 March 2018 in Tokyo. The two organisations are therefore strengthening their existing collaboration in aerodynamic research. The RTRI is one of the world's most renowned railway and rail transport research institutions.
Lightweight structures are on the rise both in aircraft and automotive manufacturing. So far, it has only been possible to mass-produce these components at great cost. The German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) has granted COPRO Technology GmbH the licence for a new, cost-effective and therefore economical manufacturing technology.
The German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) is unique within Germany and in Europe with regard to its work and research areas – as a national research centre and Space Administration as well as a Project Management Agency.
The inner values revealed in this year's last DLRmagazine say something about the resilience of components. But as is the case with inner values, they are not readily disclosed. The information is cleverly obtained from the material, by means of three-dimensional digital images of the pores in material alloys, for example.
The automation and networking of transport will bring changes to the logistics industry. In the ATLaS project (Automated and networked movement in Logistics – opportunities for greater added value), scientists from the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) and the Hamburg University of Technology (TUHH) are investigating how these changes will affect freight transport.
The first German state institute for aeronautics research was founded 110 years ago in Göttingen. It was the precursor of the present-day German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR), and laid the foundations for modern aeronautics.
Seafaring vessels use satellites to determine their precise position to within a few metres. It is particularly important that exact positional information is constantly available in coastal waters and ports or near offshore wind farms and oil platforms.