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German aerospace research at MAKS in Moscow

Deutsche Luft- und Raumfahrtforschung auf der MAKS in Moskau

27 August 2019

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  • Beate Grzeski zu Besuch am DLR%2dStand
    Beate Grzeski visits DLR stand

    The Interim Chargé d'Affaires of the German Embassy in Moscow, Beate Grzeski (2nd from right), visits the DLR stand at MAKS Moscow.

  • Aerosalon MAKS
    MAKS Air Show

    The DLR stand at MAKS.

  • eROSITAmirrorplatform_sn.jpg
    eROSITA mirror module

    The first core component of the eROSITA space telescope consists of seven identical mirror modules aligned in parallel. Each has a diameter of 36 centimetres and consists of 54 nested mirror shells whose surface is composed of a paraboloid and a hyperboloid (Wolter I optics). They collect high-energy photons and focus them onto the X-ray cameras.

  • Der ATRA bei Flugversuchen in Cochstedt
    The ATRA during flight tests in Cochstedt

    The DLR ATRA research aircraft flies at an altitude of around 15 metres over the airport at Cochstedt with its landing gear retracted. The aim is to collect as many insects as possible in order to test out new flap systems. Although insect contamination does not present a problem, the ingress of insects will lead to higher fuel consumption for future ultra-smooth high-tech aircraft.

  • MATROSHKA misst die Weltraumstrahlung
    MATROSHKA measures space radiation

    Astronauts Sergei Krikalev (l.) and John Phillips with MATROSHKA, a special mannequin used to measure radiation in space.

  • Anzeichen für die Verschiebung der Wärmesonde auf dem Mars
    Signs of the Heat Probe Shifting on Mars

    The support structure of the Heat Flow and Physical Properties Package (HP3 ) instrument moved slightly during hammering, as indicated by the circular 'footprints' around the instrument footpads.

  • DLR will present its current contributions to aerospace research at MAKS in Moscow.
  • The focus is on German-Russian projects, such as the eROSITA X-ray telescope and a phantom called ‘Matroshka’ used for research into radiation exposure in space.
  • Focus: Aeronautics, space

The German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) has traditionally attended the International Aviation and Space Salon MAKS, Russia's national aerospace show, which takes place every two years in Zhukovsky, Moscow. This year the event will take place from 27 August to 1 September 2019 and will be DLR's eighth appearance. At the event, DLR will showcase concepts and technology focusing on future spaceflight and aviation over an exhibition space of approximately 800 square metres. The highlights of their display will include projects with German-Russian cooperation.

"There is a long history of successful collaboration between DLR and Russian research institutions in the field of aerospace," says DLR Executive Board Member for Space Research and Technology Hansjörg Dittus. "This year we are delighted to be able to present, among other things, the joint German-Russian Matroshka project, an experiment to measure radiation exposure on the ISS, which is testament to our many years of close collaboration."

Knowledge for tomorrow at the International Aviation and Space Salon MAKS


The Spectrum-Roentgen-Gamma (SRG) space probe with the German eROSITA x-ray telescope and its ART-XC Russian partner instrument were launched successfully from Baikonur Cosmodrom in Kazakstan on 13 July 2019 on board a Proton launcher. Positioned at the second Lagrange Point, eROSITA (extended Roentgen Survey with an Imaging Telescope Array) is embarking upon the largest cosmic inventory of the hot Universe. The space telescope will use its seven x-ray detectors to observe the entire sky and search for heat sources such as galaxy clusters, active galactic nuclei, supernova remnants, X-ray binaries and neutron stars. In particular, this German telescope is intended to help solve the mystery of Dark Energy.


Analysing radiation exposure during space missions is not simply a matter of looking at the quantity of different types of radiation, but also examining their biological impact. A 'phantom' has been placed both inside and outside the ISS in order to address these questions. This phantom is 'Matroshka', a special kind of dummy developed and built by the DLR Institute of Aerospace Medicine. The ‘phantom’ itself – consisting of a head and upper body – mimics a human torso. It has a skeleton and is made of tissue-like materials. Active and passive radiation detectors are placed in over 800 different places inside the mannequin – including the positions of the human organs – to measure radiation.


The NASA InSight landing probe is examining the structure of Mars’ crust, mantle and core and studying the thermal development of Mars directly from the surface of the planet. Investigating the interior of our neighbouring planet should help us to answer fundamental questions about the early history of the inner Solar System and its four planets: Mercury, Venus, Earth and Mars. The results of InSight should also give us a better understanding of the formation, evolution and structure of extrasolar planets. InSight uses the German-developed HP3 (Heat Flow and Physical Properties Package) probe to measure the planet’s heat flow directly from the Martian surface, via a five-metre-deep borehole.

Airbus A320 ATRA

The largest member of DLR's fleet, the Airbus A320-232 ‘D-ATRA’, has been in service for DLR since late 2008. ATRA (Advanced Technology Research Aircraft) is a versatile and modern flight research platform that is setting new benchmarks for airborne test vehicles in European aviation research. The different areas of application are demonstrated by the models on display.

DLR has developed the Wake Encounter Avoidance and Advisory System (WEAA), which is used on ATRA, to prevent the aircraft from entering wake vortices. It gives pilots in the cockpit warnings and course deviation recommendations for this purpose.

The increase in worldwide air traffic means that increasing aerodynamic performance during the take-off and landing stages is becoming increasingly important, as is the need to reduce aircraft noise. The design and development of complex flap and transmission systems, which have a considerable impact on take-off and landing properties and on aircraft noise emissions, have been successfully tested using ATRA.

Last modified:
29/08/2019 12:38:00



Andreas Schütz
German Aerospace Center (DLR)

Head of Media|Relations, DLR spokesperson

Tel.: +49 2203 601-2474

Fax: +49 2203 601-3249