Ryugu and other asteroids of the common ‘C-class’ consist of more porous material than was previously thought. Small fragments of their material are therefore too fragile to survive entry into the atmosphere in the event of a collision with Earth. This has revealed the long-suspected cause of the deficit of this meteorite type in finds on Earth.
The International Cooperation for Animal Research Using Space (ICARUS) is a cooperative project between the Russian space agency Roscosmos and the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) under the leadership of Martin Wikelski from the Max Planck Institute of Animal Behavior in Konstanz.
Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, a state in the northeast of Germany, is currently experiencing the worst forest fires in its history. On 2 July 2019, the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) Institute of Optical Sensor Systems used a special version of the Modular Aerial Camera System (MACS) to map large parts of the forest fires in the military training area near Lübtheen.
ESA's Mars Express spacecraft has been observing local and regional dust storms forming at the north pole of the Red Planet over the last month, and watching as they disperse towards the equator. Local and regional storms lasting a few days or weeks and confined to a small area are commonplace on Mars, but at their most severe they can cover the entire planet, as happened last year during a global storm that encircled the planet for many months.
Germany is sweltering. With national average temperatures well above 30 degrees Celsius, summer 2019 has really been taking a toll over the last few weeks. Over long periods, heat and dry weather invariably increase the risk of forest fires.
Digitalisation, climate change and technological disruption are shaping the future. This is where interdisciplinary research at the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) proves valuable. On 27 June 2019, the DLR Senate approved the founding of seven new institutes and facilities.
At first glance, it looks like brown crocodile skin photographed at close range, but these images actually show the rough, rugged terrain of Aurorae Chaos. The data used to create the images were acquired by the High Resolution Stereo Camera (HRSC), a camera system developed at DLR and built in collaboration with Germany industry. It is carried on board ESA's Mars Express spacecraft, which has been orbiting Mars since 2003.
Mars has two small moons, Phobos and Deimos. These are the target of the Japanese Martian Moons eXploration (MMX) mission, which also involves international partners. Scheduled for launch in 2024. it will enter Mars orbit n 2025, and return samples to Earth in 2029. The spacecraft will carry a German-French rover that will land on either Phobos or Deimos and explore the surface in detail for several months.
JAXA, ONERA and DLR signed an agreement for trilateral cooperation on rotorcraft on 18 June 2019 during the Paris Air Show at Le Bourget. This trilateral research agreement will investigate optimisation methods for the creation of a new generation of rotorcraft blades.
On 21 June 2019 the Spektrum-Röntgen-Gamma (Spektr-RG / SRG) spacecraft will be launched from the Kazakh steppe, marking the start of an exciting journey. SRG will be carrying the German ‘extended ROentgen Survey with an Imaging Telescope Array’ (eROSITA) X-ray telescope and its Russian ART-XC partner instrument
The German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) and five European companies have teamed up in the RETro Propulsion Assisted Landing Technologies (RETALT) project to jointly advance the research and development of key technologies for European vertical-landing launch vehicles.
The German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) will be showcasing its latest projects and research results from 17 to 23 June 2019 at this year’s Paris Air Show. At the joint German stand in Hall 2C, DLR will be featuring its activities in digitalisation, climate change and maintaining mobility.
A precise understanding of glacier evolution requires knowledge of a glacier's exact mass. This is important in South America, in the tropical regions between Bolivia and Venezuela, where meltwater from glaciers provides drinking water during the dry season.
When scientists first saw this structure on the images taken by their camera on the Dawn space probe, they could hardly believe their eyes: from the crater-strewn surface of the dwarf planet Ceres rises an even, smooth and steep-sided mountain, towering over 4,000 metres high.
There is a new plan to support the German Aerospace Center (DLR) Mars ‘Mole’ that is part of NASA’s InSight mission. The Heat Flow and Physical Properties Package (HP3) Mole is a self-driving penetrator that has hammered itself into the Martian subsurface to a depth of approximately 30 centimetres.
On 1 June 2019, as part of activities marking the 50th anniversary of the first humans landing on the Moon, a ‘Moon Talk’ was held in the Deutsches Museum in Munich. Apollo 16 astronaut Charlie Duke also participated in a panel discussion. During the ‘First Moon Landing’ introductory presentation, the former director of the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) Robotics and Mechatronics Center, Gerd Hirzinger, showed exciting aspects and details of the Apollo 11 mission using a newly-developed Virtual Reality (VR) simulation. This simulation shows the descent and landing of Eagle, the exploration of the terrain around the landing site by the astronauts, as well as part of the ascent and return to the Command and Service Module (CSM) that remained in lunar orbit.
Planets located near stars must endure a lot – from powerful solar winds to intense X-rays and strong ultraviolet radiation. The area where a planet is so close to its host star that it can complete its orbit in less than four Earth days and in which there are no Neptune-sized planets is referred to as the ‘Neptunian desert’. This is a reference to the fact that, until now, no medium-sized planets similar to Neptune have been found at this distance – only large planets comparable with Jupiter and smaller planets like Mars. This has now changed; in 2018, a group of researchers in Chile, co-funded by the German Aerospace Center (DLR) used one of the telescopes in the Next-Generation Transit Survey (NGTS) array to discover a planet in one such Neptunian desert. The planet has been named NGTS-4b as it is orbiting the dwarf star NGTS-4, which is located approximately 900 light years from the Solar System.
One of Europe's largest supercomputing centres – the Leibniz Computer Centre (LRZ) of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences – and Europe's largest space research institution – the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) – will work together to evaluate the vast quantities of data acquired by Earth observation satellites alongside other global data sources, such as social networks, on the state of our planet on a daily basis.
The 200-kilometre-wide peak-ring impact crater shown in this High Resolution Stereo Camera (HRSC) image mosaic is named after the US astronomer Percival Lowell (1855 - 1916). HRSC is a camera system on board ESA’s Mars Express spacecraft, which has been orbiting Mars since 2003. Mars Express has flown over and imaged Lowell Crater several times in recent months. The systematic processing of the data acquired by the camera system was performed at the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) Institute of Planetary Research in Berlin-Adlershof. Experts specialising in planetology and remote sensing at the Freie Universität Berlin produced the images shown here using these data.
This year's Colloquium on Production Technology, held at the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) site in Augsburg, coincided with a special occasion. The DLR Center for Lightweight-Production-Technology (Zentrum für Leichtbauproduktionstechnologie; ZLP) celebrated its tenth anniversary on 15 May 2019.