On 14 February 2019, the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) presented some of its planned research and management activities for 2019 at its annual press conference in Berlin. Pascale Ehrenfreund, Chair of the DLR Executive Board addressed the challenges and goals for the coming year.
Fewer soot particles in the exhaust stream of aircraft reduces the formation of ice crystals and therefore the climate impact of the resulting contrail cirrus. Halving the ice particles that form in the contrail decreases the climate-warming effect of the contrail cirrus by 20 percent.
Scenarios for the application of civilian unmanned aerial systems (UAS) are becoming increasingly wide-ranging and diverse. In addition to initial tests of parcel deliveries from the air, the first applications in agriculture and the energy sector are already in use, with inspections carried out using unmanned aerial vehicles.
Prices for low-cost flights stagnated during the 2018 summer season, then again showing some slight increases, accompanied by another massive expansion of low-cost airlines in Germany. Eurowings and Easyjet expanded their network with the acquisition of numerous aircraft and routes from the bankrupt Air Berlin, while meanwhile Ryanair expanded its operations at Frankfurt Airport into one of its biggest bases in Germany.
The aircraft manufacturer Embraer, the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR), the Netherlands Aerospace Centre (NLR) and German–Dutch Wind Tunnels (DNW) have succeeded in testing an innovative method for examining the safety of future aircraft. In another first, they have been able to analyse the flutter behaviour of a wing in real time.
The operating conditions might be unconventional, and the means of transport is certainly far from common, but a modular aerial camera system (MACS) developed by the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) has been installed on board the POLAR 5 research aircraft of the Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research (AWI).
Alternative propulsion and low energy consumption, framed in revolutionary forms. German students are displaying immense creativity and technical skill to design the quiet and eco-friendly aircraft of the future. In Braunschweig, the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) recently announced the national winners of a competition that was jointly organised with NASA to identify the best ideas for the future of airborne vehicles.
How can large amounts of energy be stored quickly, cost-effectively and over longer periods of time, where required? In the cross-sectoral GigaStore project, the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) is working on the further development of power and heat storage for all areas of application.
Transporting humanitarian supplies with an unmanned helicopter to hard-to-reach areas was the goal of a two-week mission by the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luf- und Raumfaht; DLR) in the Dominican Republic. Together with the Dutch organisation Wings for Aid and the United Nations World Food Programme (WFP), the researchers carried out various missions under realistic operating conditions.
How can ever-larger volumes of scientific data be processed and evaluated? And how can Earth observation data be meaningfully combined with ground measurements, thereby opening up new sources of information? In the cross-sectoral Big Data Platform project, researchers from the German Aerospace Center (DLR) are devising new methods for the future-oriented field of Big Data Science. The interdisciplinary research project involves 21 DLR institutes from the research fields of spaceflight, aeronautics, transport, energy, digitalisation and security – all working together. The project is set to run for four years and has received more than 21 million euro of funding.
Flooding, earthquakes and other natural disasters can isolate people. These people have to be provided with essential humanitarian supplies as quickly as possible. In a new coalition for innovation, the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) is cooperating with the Dutch Wings for Aid Foundation and the United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) to develop new assistance scenarios in which Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) are used to deliver the necessary supplies.
From 19 June 2018, the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) is presenting current highlights from the field of automation and robotics at 'automatica 2018'. The focus is on the 'Factory of the Future', with research work and projects for intelligent, autonomous and collaborative production using lightweight robots.
Approximately 30 percent of all flights from Germany are now operated by low-cost airlines. After the insolvency of Air Berlin and the redistribution of its routes, a new record has been set for the number of low-cost flights from Germany over the winter period. Eurowings, easyJet and Ryanair dominated this growth. Eurowings and Norwegian are increasingly serving low-cost destinations outside Europe.
The world's largest weather phenomenon – the South Asian monsoon – purifies the air efficiently, acting as a kind of cleaning agent for pollutants, but it also enables their distribution across the globe. The results of the international research project OMO (Oxidation Mechanism Observation) have now been published in the journal Science.
A joint team from the French aerospace research centre ONERA and the German Aerospace Center (DLR) performed the ground vibration testing (GVT) of the new Airbus Beluga XL large transport aircraft.
Effective monitoring of greenhouse gases is required to achieve ambitious targets for limiting greenhouse gas emissions. In addition, the sources and sinks of greenhouse gases must be understood as precisely as possible to produce reliable climate forecasts. From mid-May to mid-June 2018, a flight test campaign led by the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) is contributing to this international effort.
On 25 April 2018, at the Berlin Air Show ILA 2018, DLR and Dassault signed the purchase contract for a Falcon 2000 LX twinjet in the presence of German Chancellor Angela Merkel. The agreement involves the delivery of the aircraft and its conversion into the flight test vehicle iSTAR (in-flight Systems and Technology Airborne Research) by 2020.
The German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) will present its latest projects and research results at the ILA Berlin Air Show from 25 to 29 April 2018. Again one of the largest institutional exhibitors in 2018, DLR will provide fascinating insights into its current research on an approximately 700-square-metre stand in Hall 4, in the Space Pavilion, on the stand of the Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy (BMWi) in Hall 2, and at the ILA CareerCenter in Hall 1.
Why is Earth's climate changing? It is considered extremely likely that global warming is caused by a rise in greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide and methane due to human activity. How these changes impact the numerous processes taking place in Earth's climate system remains uncertain.
Air quality in major cities is a hot topic, especially with regard to road traffic and residents' health. However, emissions do not just remain in conurbations. Instead, particles and gaseous pollutants can often be transported thousands of kilometres by the wind.