The transition from fossil to renewable fuels is one of the most important challenges of the future. The SUN-to-LIQUID project takes on this challenge by producing renewable transportation fuels from water and carbon dioxide with concentrated sunlight: The project, which is funded by the EU and Switzerland, has now successfully demonstrated the first synthesis of solar kerosene.
On 14 February 2019, the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) presented some of its planned research and management activities for 2019 at its annual press conference in Berlin. Pascale Ehrenfreund, Chair of the DLR Executive Board addressed the challenges and goals for the coming year.
The German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) has been working with the University of Technology Sydney and the University of Melbourne on behalf of the Leonardo DiCaprio Foundation to determine the necessary developments to achieve the aim of keeping global warming well below 2°C. This target is in line with the international agreements made at the UN Climate Change Conference in Paris in 2015.
How can large amounts of energy be stored quickly, cost-effectively and over longer periods of time, where required? In the cross-sectoral GigaStore project, the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) is working on the further development of power and heat storage for all areas of application.
Dealing with fluctuations in solar energy is one of the biggest challenges on the way to a sustainable energy supply. Researchers at the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) are working on a technology that will hopefully make it possible to operate energy networks with a high proportion of solar energy in a more stable and efficient manner.
The German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) is involved in the development of the world's first hydrogen fuel cell powered ocean-going ferry for passenger and vehicle transport. The objective of the European Union-funded 'HySeas III' research project is to provide a shuttle service between the Scottish islands of Orkney and Shapinsay with a new type of ship powered by renewable energy sources, beginning in the year 2021.
How can ever-larger volumes of scientific data be processed and evaluated? And how can Earth observation data be meaningfully combined with ground measurements, thereby opening up new sources of information? In the cross-sectoral Big Data Platform project, researchers from the German Aerospace Center (DLR) are devising new methods for the future-oriented field of Big Data Science. The interdisciplinary research project involves 21 DLR institutes from the research fields of spaceflight, aeronautics, transport, energy, digitalisation and security – all working together. The project is set to run for four years and has received more than 21 million euro of funding.
An electrodynamic vibration exciter pulls and pushes at the 20-metre SmartBlades DemoBlade with a force of 100 kilograms. The rotor blade oscillates with a deflection of 50 centimetres at the tip. Researchers from the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) are conducting precise analyses of these movements and the material stresses on the rotor blade.
Energy is more than electricity; in order to increase the proportion of renewable energy not only in power generation but also in the areas of heating and mobility, energy must be transferred from one sector to another. At the Hannover Messe, from 23 to 27 April 2018, the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) will show how the coupling of sectors makes the energy system more flexible and more environmentally friendly (Hall 27, Stand H84).
The German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) is unique within Germany and in Europe with regard to its work and research areas – as a national research centre and Space Administration as well as a Project Management Agency.
The German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) and the National Research Council Canada (NRC) have been working together for several years in the field of aeronautics research. On 28 January, Rolf Henke, DLR Executive Board Member responsible for Aeronautics Research, and NRC President Iain Stewart signed a Memorandum of Understanding that outlines the continued cooperation between the two agencies during the 33 German-Canadian conference organised by Atlantik-Brücke e.V. in Munich.
Researchers at the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) have completed the first innovative rotor blade as part of the SmartBlades2 project. The rotor blade with a length of 20 metres can passively adapt to varying wind conditions using bending torsion coupling.
On 28 November 2017, the German Aerospace Center (DLR), together with international project partners, presented what is currently the largest solar-chemical installation for the production of hydrogen. In the HYDROSOL_Plant project, scientists and companies have jointly further developed the process of direct hydrogen production using solar radiation. By redeveloping both the materials used and the structure of the reactor, the facility can now provide a power of 750 kilowatts. This is a significant improvement over the previous development stage of this facility, which had a power output of approximately 100 kilowatts. In the coming months, scientists will produce hydrogen in test operations and demonstrations at the Plataforma Solar in Almeria (PSA) in southern Spain, and investigate the suitability of materials.
The German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR), the Japanese space agency, JAXA, and the National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology in Japan (AIST) signed two cooperation agreements on 21 September 2017 in Tokyo.
One hundred tons of molten salt circulate through the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) test facility in Cologne. The molten salt is alternately heated and cooled from 250 to 560 degrees Celsius.
Solar thermal power plants play an important role for the energy transition, especially in regions of the world with a significant number of sun hours. When combined with a heat storage system they have the capacity to deliver electricity even after sunset.
Carbon dioxide-neutral fuels are an important next step on the road to climate-friendly energy supply. Energy researchers from the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) will present how this kind of energy source can be manufactured and exploited in future, especially using solar power, at the Hannover Messe from 24 to 28 April 2017.
The world's largest artificial Sun started shining in Jülich on 23 March 2017. Johannes Remmel, the North Rhine-Westphalia Minister for Climate Protection, Environment, Agriculture, Nature Conservation and Consumer Protection, joined Georg Menzen of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy (Bundesministerium für Wirtschaft und Energie; BMWi) and Karsten Lemmer, Executive Board Member for Energy and Transportation at the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR), to inaugurate the new research facility Synlight.
On 29 September 2016, the HY4 aircraft took off on its first official flight from Stuttgart Airport. The HY4 is the world’s first four-seat passenger aircraft powered solely by a hydrogen fuel cell system. Researchers from the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) developed the aircraft's power train and worked on the project with industry and research partners.
The German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR), together with the Zittau/Görlitz University of Applied Sciences and Dresden University of Technology, has developed a method that accurately simulates the flow of steam in turbomachines up to 10 times faster than has previously been possible.